military thought and development between the wars n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Military Thought and Development Between the Wars PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Military Thought and Development Between the Wars

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 28

Military Thought and Development Between the Wars - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 63 Views
  • Uploaded on

Military Thought and Development Between the Wars. Tactical and operational questions for the future . . . How is maneuver possible on the modern battlefield? What is the proper role of the tank? What is the proper role of the airplane?

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Military Thought and Development Between the Wars' - umeko


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
tactical and operational questions for the future
Tactical and operational questions for the future . . .
  • How is maneuver possible on the modern battlefield?
  • What is the proper role of the tank?
  • What is the proper role of the airplane?
  • All of these questions will be addressed in the 1920’s and 1930’s.
britain
Britain
  • J.F.C. Fuller
    • Tanks could replace infantry and cavalry;
    • Future land battles would be similar to naval battles
  • B.H. Liddell Hart:
    • Argued conversion to a “New Model Army”
    • Balanced tank-infantry force
b h liddell hart the indirect approach
B. H. Liddell Hart: The “indirect approach”
  • First appeared in 1929 in The Decisive Wars of History
  • “Effective results in war have rarely been attained unless the approach has had such indirectness as to ensure the opponent’s unreadiness to meet it.”
  • “In most campaigns the dislocation of the enemy’s psychological and physical balance has been the vital prelude to a successful attempt at his overthrow.”
france
France
  • Confrontation between visions of mobile warfare and static defense.
  • General Jean-Baptiste Estienne
    • Tanks should form a separate organization
    • Tanks would perform the role of cavalry
  • Marshal Philippe Petain
    • Reliance of static defense
    • Centralized command and control
1930 s proponents of mobility and mechanization take contr ol
1930’s: Proponents of mobility and mechanization take control
  • General Maxime Weygand
  • General Maurice Gamelin
  • Colonel Charles DeGaulle
  • Problems:
    • Financial weakness
    • Diminished recruit pool
germany
Germany
  • Hans von Seeckt rebuilds the German army.
  • January 1927:
  • “Armored, quickly moving tanks most probably will become the operationally decisive weapon.”

Werner von Fritsch

german general staff s young turks
German General Staff’s “Young Turks”
  • Joachim von Stulpnagel
  • Werner von Blomberg
  • Heinz Guderian
soviet union
Soviet Union
  • Soviet military thinking driven by the Red-White civil war, not the Western Front
  • Conflict between professionals and “Red Commanders”
mikhail tukhachevsky
Mikhail Tukhachevsky
  • Revolution could be exported on the bayonets of the army.
boris shaposhnikov
Boris Shaposhnikov
  • The army could not defend the nation alone
    • General staff was an extension of the political apparatus.
    • MozgArmii
vladimir triandifilov
Vladimir Triandifilov
  • Successive operations
italy giulio douhet
Italy Giulio Douhet
  • Command of the Air (1921)
  • No distinction between combatants and non-combatants.
  • Successful ground offensive no longer possible.
  • Speed and altitude make it impossible to defense against air power.
  • True objectives government and population centers.
  • Nations need separate air forces built around long-range bombers.
united states
United States
  • Billy Mitchell
    • His ideas were similar to Douhet’s but he stressed:
      • An autonomous air force
      • Centralized control of all air assets
mitchell s court martial
Mitchell’s Court Martial
  • "There are those in Washington who should be severely taken to task and court-martialed for their deliberate neglect of aviation.”
  • He blamed Washington for:
  • "Incompetence, criminal negligence, and almost treasonable administration of the national defense"
slide26
Guilty
    • Suspended from rank, pay, and command for 5 years.
    • Resigned, died in 1935
ltc pete ellis usmc
LTC Pete Ellis, USMC
  • Advance Base Operations in Micronesia
  • War with the Japanese was likely.
  • The real function of the USMC was to seize operating bases for the Navy