ATIS and the Smart Grid Maria Estefania, Vice President, Standards Development, ATIS Global Standards Collaboration (GSC) GSC-15
Highlight of Current Activities (1) • Under the United States’ Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) was given "primary responsibility to coordinate development of a framework that includes protocols and model standards for information management to achieve interoperability of smart grid devices and systems.” • ATIS has been involved in NIST’s Smart Grid initiatives since August 2009 and identified several areas of ICT standards involvement in the NIST Interoperability Framework Process and priority actions plans (PAPs).
Highlight of Current Activities (2) ATIS Packet Technologies and Systems Committee (PTSC) has been involved in the Cyber Security Coordination Task Group (CSCTG), with the primary objective of identifying and representing the ATIS standards which can contribute to interoperability across the domains of the Smart Grid. ATIS recently shared with the group a number of ATIS security standards from various committees for reference, utilization, and potential adoption by the CSCTG.
Highlight of Current Activities (3) ATIS Wireless Technologies and System Committee (WTSC) has developed input and provided supporting quantitative documentation to PAP02 (Wireless Communications for the Smart Grid) on the characteristics of four 3GPP technologies (EDGE, UMTS, HSPA+, and LTE) for inclusion as potential technologies to be used by Smart Grid applications. WTSC continues to work on evaluating the aforementioned 3GPP technologies against the Smart Grid requirements.
Highlight of Current Activities (4) ATIS Copper/Optical Access, Synchronization and Transport Committee (COAST) Network Access Interfaces (NAI) subgroup recently alerted NIST on the need to ensure that development of the Smart Grid technology be designed to avoid adverse impact to existing DSL technology. NIST acknowledged the potential interference issue between the proposed power line communications standards and the xDSL standards and reported that NIST would escalate this to the SGIP Governing Board, as well as forward the concern to IEEE P1901.2 and ITU-T SG15. The COAST Synchronization (SYNC) subgroup is also involved in discussions related to Smart Grid synchronization being worked in the SGIP PAP13. COAST-SYNC and IEEE are working together to advance selected issues to support the PAP.
Strategic Direction • The ICT sector is uniquely well-positioned to leverage its networks and experience to enable interoperability between the Smart Grid’s intricate, multifaceted architectures and infrastructures.
Challenges • Terminology used by the power/utility companies vs. that used by the ICT sector. • Multitude of stakeholders and working to ensure the voice of the ICT sector is clearly represented and heard.
Next Steps/Actions • Efforts in the U.S. to enable a Smart Grid are well underway and these efforts are well represented by relevant stakeholders including ICT and power/utility companies and their corresponding international standards development organizations (SDOs). • The ITU-T Focus Group on Smart Grid should be encouraged to take steps to coordinate its initiative with U.S. efforts (as well as other international initiatives as appropriate) to ensure, to the extent possible, a complementary versus conflicting approach to enabling the Smart Grid.
Proposed Resolution • N/A
Current Smart Grid Landscape (1) • What is the “Smart Grid”? -- Tomorrow’s so-called “Smart Grid” is a means of next-generation energy delivery and measurement. It aims to deliver and monitor electricity consumption using multidirectional technologies that dynamically allocate and meter power flows to ensure increased efficiency, savings, and reliability.
Current Smart Grid Landscape (2) Current centralized energy distribution networks are often huge, inefficient grids that lose power in transmission, require an overcapacity of generating capability to cope with unexpected surges in energy use, and only allow one-way communication — from provider to consumer. Notwithstanding these challenges, ICT has the opportunity to provide the information network required to make smart grids a reality.
Current Smart Grid Landscape (3) • Examples of applications and services include: • Development and deployment of an information network that provides a real-time, demand-side management system for power grids. • Support for and integration of renewables and distributed generation. • Workflow management systems for the grid. • Demand-response software that allows automated load maintenance. • Protocols for grid wide system interoperability. • Advanced communications to allow distributed energy producers to pool resources, and to handle variations in supply and demand.