VITAL DATA. Nigel Paneth. FIVE COMPONENTS OF VITAL DATA. Vital data are defined as major events in the population that are required by law (in many jurisdictions) to be reported to governmental authority. The five generally accepted components of vital data are: BIRTHS DEATHS FETAL DEATHS
1. MEASURING THE BURDEN OF DISEASE.
2. HISTORICAL PATTERNS OF DISEASE
3. SECULAR TRENDS IN DISEASE
4. GEOGRAPHIC DIFFERENCES
5. DEFINING ACUTE EPIDEMICS
6. DEFINING NEW DISEASES
7. ASSESSING MEDICAL CARE
8. ENVIROMENTAL EXPOSURES
9. POLITICAL USES (AND MISUSES)
.. the bare statement that 302 deaths had taken place in the third week of the plague failed to strike the public's imagination. For one thing, all 302 deaths might not have been due to plague. Also, no one in the town had any idea of the average weekly death-rate in ordinary times. The population of the town was about 200,000. There was no knowing if the present death-rate were really so abnormal. This is, in fact, the kind of statistics that nobody ever troubles much about - notwithstanding that its interest is obvious. The public lacked, in short, standards of comparison.
WHAT ARE THESE EPIDEMICS?
Yalow letter about South African mortality