domestic violence guide to legislative changes n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Guide to legislative changes PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Guide to legislative changes

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 43

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Guide to legislative changes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 123 Views
  • Uploaded on

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Guide to legislative changes. Riverland Community Legal Service. Legislation. Domestic Violence Act 1994 (SA) Summary Procedure Act 1921 (SA) Intervention Orders (Prevention of Abuse) Act 2009 (SA) Family Law Act 1975 (Cth).

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Guide to legislative changes' - uma


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
domestic violence guide to legislative changes

DOMESTIC VIOLENCEGuide to legislative changes

Riverland Community Legal Service

legislation
Legislation
  • Domestic Violence Act 1994 (SA)
  • Summary Procedure Act 1921 (SA)
  • Intervention Orders (Prevention of Abuse) Act 2009 (SA)
  • Family Law Act 1975 (Cth)
intervention orders prevention of abuse act 2009
Intervention Orders (Prevention of Abuse) Act 2009

Background

  • Passed both Houses 1 December 2009
  • Assented to 10 December 2009
  • Yet to be proclaimed
  • Domestic Violence Act 1994 still in force
changes
Changes

Terminology

  • As it stands: “domestic violence restraining order” or “restraining order”
  • To be replaced with: “intervention order”
  • Also: “interim intervention order”
changes1
Changes

Objects

(a) to assist in preventing domestic and non-domestic abuse, and the exposure of children to the effects of domestic and non-domestic abuse, by providing for—

(i) the issuing of intervention orders by police and the Court; and

(ii) the issuing of associated orders relating to problem gambling and tenancy agreements; and

(iii) the registration of foreign intervention orders; and

(iv) the enforcement of South Australian and foreign intervention orders; and

changes2
Changes

Objects (cont.)

(b) to provide special police powers of arrest, detention and search in connection with issuing, serving and enforcing intervention orders; and

(c) to further protect persons suffering or witnessing domestic or non-domestic abuse by—

(i) providing for special arrangements for witnesses in proceedings under this Act; and

(ii) imposing limitations on publishing reports about proceedings or orders under this Act.

changes3
Changes

Duration of orders

  • As it stands: unspecified
  • New law: ongoing until revoked
changes4
Changes

Definition of violence / abuse

As it stands:

  • Potential personal injury / property damage
  • Two past instances of following, loitering, property interference, transmission of offensive material, communication, surveillance or other contact so as to arouse apprehension or fear of injury
changes5
Changes

Definition of violence / abuse

New law:

Likelihood of acts that result in (or are intended to result in):

  • Physical injury
  • Emotional or psychological harm
changes6
Changes

Definition of violence / abuse (cont.)

  • Unreasonable and non-consensual denial of financial, social or personal autonomy
  • Damage to property (owned or used by victim)
changes7
Changes

“Emotional or psychological harm” (new law)

  • Mental illness
  • Nervous shock and distress
  • Anxiety
  • Fear that is more than trivial
changes8
Changes

Examples of “emotional or psychological harm”

(a) sexually assaulting the person or engaging in behaviour designed to coerce the person to engage in sexual activity;

(b) unlawfully depriving the person of his or her liberty;

(c) driving a vehicle in a reckless or dangerous manner while the person is a passenger in the vehicle;

(d) causing the death of, or injury to, an animal;

changes9
Changes

Examples of “emotional or psychological harm” (cont.)

(e) following the person;

(f) loitering outside the place of residence of the person or some other place frequented by the person;

(g) entering or interfering with property in the possession of the person;

(h) giving or sending offensive material to the person, or leaving offensive material where it will be found by, given to or brought to the attention of the person

changes10
Changes

Examples of “emotional or psychological harm” (cont.)

(i) publishing or transmitting offensive material by means of the Internet or some other form of electronic communication in such a way that the offensive material will be found by, or brought to the attention of, the person;

(j) communicating with the person, or to others about the person, by way of mail, telephone (including associated technology), fax or the Internet or some other form of electronic communication in a manner that could reasonably be expected to cause emotional or psychological harm to the person;

(k) keeping the person under surveillance;

changes11
Changes

Examples of “emotional or psychological harm” (cont.)

(l) directing racial or other derogatory taunts at the person;

(m) threatening to withhold the person's medication or prevent the person accessing necessary medical equipment or treatment;

(n) threatening to institutionalise the person;

(o) threatening to withdraw care on which the person is dependent

changes12
Changes

Examples of “denial of financial, social or personal autonomy”

(a) denying the person the financial autonomy that the person would have had but for the act of abuse;

(b) withholding the financial support necessary for meeting the reasonable living expenses of the person (or any other person living with, or dependent on, the person) in circumstances in which the person is dependent on the financial support to meet those living expenses;

changes13
Changes

Examples of “denial of financial, social or personal autonomy” (cont.)

(c) without lawful excuse, preventing the person from having access to joint financial assets for the purposes of meeting normal household expenses;

(d) preventing the person from seeking or keeping employment;

changes14
Changes

Examples of “denial of financial, social or personal autonomy” (cont.)

(e) causing the person through coercion or deception to—

(i) relinquish control over assets or income; or

(ii) claim social security payments; or

(iii) sign a power of attorney enabling the person's finances to be managed by another person; or

(iv) sign a contract for the purchase of goods or services; or

(v) sign a contract for the provision of finance; or

(vi) sign a contract of guarantee; or

(vii) sign any legal document for the establishment or operation of a business;

changes15
Changes

Examples of “denial of financial, social or personal autonomy” (cont.)

(f) without permission, removing or keeping property that is in the ownership or possession of the person or used or otherwise enjoyed by the person;

(g) disposing of property owned by the person, or owned jointly with the person, against the person's wishes and without lawful excuse;

changes16
Changes

Examples of “denial of financial, social or personal autonomy” (cont.)

(h) preventing the person from making or keeping connections with the person's family, friends or cultural group, from participating in cultural or spiritual ceremonies or practices, or from expressing the person's cultural identity;

(i) exercising an unreasonable level of control and domination over the daily life of the person.

changes17
Changes

Tests

  • As it stands: there is a “reasonable apprehension” of future abuse
  • New law: it would be “reasonable to suspect” future abuse
changes18
Changes

Tests (interpretation)

  • Current system is an “objective fear” test
  • New law replaces with “perpetrator-focused” test
changes19
Changes

Availability (relationships)

  • As it stands: limited to abuse against “family member” under DVA
  • Available to other persons under SPA
  • New law: any person
changes20
Changes

Availability (where applicant is a child)

  • Still need Court’s permission
  • New provision: application by suitable representative of child with Court’s permission
changes21
Changes

Availability (non-applicants)

  • As it stands: partners and children of either party
  • New law: protection may be extended to persons other than applicant
changes22
Changes

Consent to orders

  • Remains unchanged; defendant may consent to application without admitting allegations
changes23
Changes

Applications on behalf of another

  • Currently: limited to parents / guardians / carers of child applicants
  • New law: representatives of children and representatives of victims given permission of the court
changes24
Changes

Police-issued orders

  • Ability of Police to issue orders on victim’s behalf remains unchanged
  • Still no requirement to make order if suspect DV
  • Holding powers to serve order expanded beyond two hours with Court approval
changes25
Changes

Examples of terms

(a) prohibit the defendant from being on premises at which a protected person resides or works;

(b) prohibit the defendant from being on specified premises frequented by a protected person;

(c) prohibit the defendant from being in a specified locality;

(d) prohibit the defendant from approaching within a specified distance of a protected person;

changes26
Changes

Examples of terms (cont.)

(e) prohibit the defendant from contacting, harassing, threatening or intimidating a protected person or any other person at a place where the protected person resides or works;

(f) prohibit the defendant from damaging specified property;

(g) prohibit the defendant from taking possession of specified personal property reasonably needed by a protected person;

(h) prohibit the defendant from causing or allowing another person to engage in the conduct referred to in any of paragraphs (e) to (g);

changes27
Changes

Examples of terms (cont.)

(i) require the defendant to surrender specified weapons or articles that have been used, or that there is some reason to believe might be used, by the defendant to commit an act of abuse against a protected person;

(j) require the defendant to return specified personal property to a protected person;

(k) require the defendant to allow a protected person to recover or have access to or make use of specified personal property and to allow the person to be accompanied by a police officer or other specified person while doing so;

(l) impose any other requirement on the defendant to take, or to refrain from taking, specified action.

changes28
Changes

Exclusion from premises

  • New provisions allow victim to change locks on doors / windows
  • Court may sign over perpetrator’s interest in rented premises to another
  • Will now be an offence for landlord to give access to perpetrator
changes29
Changes

Counselling / Rehabilitation

  • New provisions allow Court to order that perpetrator undergo assessment by an intervention program manager
  • Depending on assessment, perpetrator may be ordered to attend intervention program
  • Breach of the order is an offence
changes30
Changes

Variation / Revocation (on application of defendant)

  • Same test (substantial change in relevant circumstances)
  • Now must wait 12 months from date of order to apply
  • Period may be extended beyond 12 months by Court
changes31
Changes

Inconsistencies with FLA orders

  • Intervention orders are invalid to the extent of any inconsistency with an order made under the Commonwealth Family Law Act
  • However, when making an intervention order Court may vary the FLA order to the extent permitted by the FLA
changes32
Changes

Privacy provisions

  • Is now an offence to publish without consent identity of applicant, witness or child of either party
  • Perpetrator’s identity is not protected
changes33
Changes

Cross-examination

  • Alleged perpetrator cannot personally cross-examine victim
  • Must submit questions to a Court nominee to be asked on perpetrator’s behalf
  • No restriction on cross-examining children
changes34
Changes

Evidence

  • New law expressly accommodates victims when giving evidence
  • Allows for CCTV, audio-visual recordings, screens, support from friends / relatives when victim is giving evidence
changes35
Changes

New obligation of public-sector agencies

  • Must upon request provide any information that will assist in locating the perpetrator to allow Police to serve order
changes36
Changes

Aiding and abetting contravention of order

  • Currently: victim can be charged for aiding or abetting perpetrator’s contravention of order
  • New law: person protected by order cannot be charged with aiding / abetting
  • Can still be charged if assisting contravention of provisions relating to another protected person
changes37
Changes

Penalties for breach of order

  • Maximum penalty unchanged (two years imprisonment)
  • $1,250 fine for failure to comply with intervention program (separate offence)
changes38
Changes

Firearms and problem gambling orders

  • New law allows perpetrator to possess firearms if necessary for livelihood and no prior history of violence
  • Problem gambling orders may still be incorporated into intervention order
changes39
Changes

Transitional provisions

  • Restraining orders become intervention orders
  • Existing expiration dates remain
  • If application to vary or revoke order is made in the meantime, must remove expiration date if order is to continue in force