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Orwell’s Animal Farm VS. The Russian Revolution. Mrs. Prieur. Russian Society. Russia was in an appalling state of poverty while the Tsar lived in luxury. There was tremendous dissatisfaction among working class people. Czar Nicholas II. Czar Nicholas II.

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russian society
Russian Society
  • Russia was in an appalling state of poverty while the Tsar lived in luxury. There was tremendous dissatisfaction among working class people.
slide3

Czar

Nicholas

II

czar nicholas ii
Czar Nicholas II
  • A poor leader at best, compared to western leaders
  • Cruel - sometimes brutal with opponents
  • Sometimes kind - hired students as spies
nicholas ii
Nicholas II
  • Believed he was the unquestionable leader of Russia appointed by God.
  • Had unarmed protesters murdered in the streets in 1905.
slide6
KARL MARX:

THE FATHER OF COMMUNISM

slide7
Marx
  • Marx believed that the private ownership of land should be abolished.
slide8
Marx
  • Believed in a “Communal” way of life where everyone shared in prosperity.
slide9
Marx
  • Invented Communism
  • “Workers of the world unite", take over government
  • Died before Russian Revolution
communism
Communism
  • All people equal
  • Government owns everything, People own government
lenin
Lenin
  • Lenin adopted Marx’s ideas. He believed that the bourgeoisie (middle class) exploited the workers and must therefore be overthrown.
lenin1
Lenin
  • Lenin understood the emotional impact of simple, powerful slogans like
  • “Workers of the world unite!”
lenin2
Lenin
  • Changed Russia’s name to the USSR (United Soviet

Socialist Republic)

lenin dies
Lenin Dies
  • It is believed Lenin ordered Nicholas II murdered
  • When Lenin died, there was a power struggle between Trotsky and Stalin.
slide16

Leon

Trotsky

slide17

Trotsky

  • One of the leaders of "October Revolution“ along with Lenin and Stalin
  • Believed in “pure” communism, followed Marx
trotsky
Trotsky
  • Trotsky was a brilliant speaker. With Lenin he succeeded in overthrowing the government in October 1917. Lenin was the President, Trotsky the Commissar for Foreign Affairs.
commissar
Commissar
  • Former name of a head of a government department in the Soviet Union. Like Secretary of State
trotsky1
Trotsky
  • Trotsky favored world revolution.
  • He wanted to improve life for all Russians
  • Chased away by Lenin's KGB (Lenin's secret police)
civil war
Civil War
  • From 1918 –1921 there was civil war. Foreign countries including Britain, France, Poland and USA were alarmed at the spread of communism but the Red Army (the Bolsheviks) led by Trotsky proved successful.
slide22

Joseph

Stalin

stalin
Stalin
  • Stalin continually opposed Trotsky
  • He was an average speaker; not educated like Trotsky
  • Didn't exactly follow Marx's ideas
stalin1
Stalin
  • Craved power, willing to kill for it
  • Used KGB, allowed church, and utilized propaganda
slide25

Propaganda

  • Information spread with the intention of furthering a specific idea or cause.
  • The manipulation and control of language.
propaganda department of stalin s government
Propaganda Department of Stalin’s government
  • Worked for Stalin to support his political views
  • Deliberate lies were used to convince the people to follow Stalin
stalin2
Stalin
  • Benefited from the fact that education was controlled
stalin takes control
Stalin takes Control
  • In his sinister way, Stalin secured his power base, and engineered the permanent exile of Trotsky in 1929.
slide29
The exiled Trotsky was still very useful to Stalin as he now had Trotsky to blame for all the problems and difficulties that Russia suffered.
politburo
Politburo :
  • This was the policy-making body of the Communist party’s Central Committee. In reality it was merely a force to carry out Stalin’s orders and secure his position as dictator.
cheka ogpu nkvd kgb
Cheka/OGPU/NKVD/KGB:
  • These were the various names/ initials given to the secret police during Stalin’s dictatorship.
kgb secret police
KGB - Secret Police
  • Not really police, but forced all to support Stalin
  • Used force; often killed entire families for minor disobedience
  • Totally loyal, part of Lenin's power, even over army
religion
Religion
  • Marx said religion was the “opiate of the people" and a lie
  • He believed it was only used to make people not complain and do their work
religion1
Religion
  • Religion was tolerated because people would work and not complain
  • Stalin knew religion would stop violent revolutions
tricked dedicated supporters
Tricked Dedicated Supporters
  • People believed Stalin because he was "Communist"
  • Many stayed loyal after it was obvious Stalin was a tyrant
  • Supporters were ultimately betrayed by Stalin who ignored and killed them
overall details of russian revolution
Overall details of Russian Revolution
  • Supposed to fix problems from Czar
  • Life was even worse long after revolution
  • Stalin made Czar look like a nice guy
kulaks
Kulaks :
  • These were the land-owning peasants who did not want their farms to be collectivized after the revolution. From 1929, Stalin began to exterminate them as a class.
5 year plans
5 Year Plans
  • From 1927-1932, new economic plans, called the five-year plans, were introduced. The purpose was to improve industry
germany and great britain
Germany and Great Britain :
  • Stalin negotiated with both Germany and Great Britain. The Russo-German pact of August 1939 allowed Russia to occupy eastern Poland while Germany occupied the rest.
germany and great britain1
Germany and Great Britain
  • On 22 June, 1941, Germany attacked her ally Russia without warning. Thus the unholy alliance between Nazism and Communism fell apart and Russia formed an alliance with Britain and the USA.
cold war begins
Cold War begins
  • The Tehran conference in 1943 presented the Soviet Union, Britain and America as allies. However, by the end of the Second World War, the Soviet Union became an enemy of its allies as the Cold War intensified.
who is who
Who is Who
  • Mr. Jones- Czar Nicholas II
  • Old Major- Lenin
  • Snowball- Trotsky
  • Napoleon- Stalin
who is who1
Who is Who
  • Dogs-KGB
  • Windmill- 5 year plan
  • Major’s Skull-Lenin’s Body
  • Battle of the Cowshed- Russian Civil War
who is who2
Who is Who
  • Frederick- Hitler
  • Animal Executions – Stalin’s Purge
  • Battle of the Windmill – World War II
  • Card Game- Tehran Conference
  • Pilkington- FDR
slide47
#1
  • Who had the ideas in the beginning that inspired the rebellions?
slide48
#2
  • What are the real enemies of Communism according to Marx, Lenin, Stalin and Trotsky?
3 and 4
#3 and #4
  • Who does Stalin blame anytime a problem arises? Why do you think Stalin blames this person?
5 and 6
#5 and #6
  • Who would you associate with this quote? Marx, Lenin Stalin or Trotsky? Why did you choose that person?
  • “All men are equal but some are more equal than others”
slide51
#7
  • Compare the lives of Russians when they lived under Czar Nicholas and when they lived under Stalin.
8 who is this
#8 Who is this?
  • Tells of a dream that leads to Rebellion and inspires others.
9 who is this
#9 Who is this?
  • Leader of the rebellion that drives out Czar Nicholas II.
10 who is this
#10 Who is this?
  • Leader of Rebellion that is driven out of Russia and later killed in Mexico.
11 who is this
#11 Who is this?
  • Leader of the Rebellion that drives out his competition and starts to purge those that disagree or may disagree with him.
12 who is this
#12 Who is this?
  • Branch of Government that enforces Stalin’s rules.