Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Landlocked and Least Developed Countries- Analysis with a focus to Malawi. Background and Introduction. Capitalism is both a Political and Economic Process
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Malawi is a landlocked LDC situated in the southern part of Africa
Currently the country is enjoying a growing economic and stable Political environment which is conducive for Doing Business;
The current Government has also reviewed its Investment Policy and Trade Policies for economic Development;
However, the recent survey of the World Bank of 2008 has seen Malawi going ten steps lower in doing business and ranking 3rd from Last, indicating that its not doing a a lot in its climate for doing business
The study is going to help point out the necessity of using research information to create an attractive Investment climate. In particular :
To see What Determines FDI in Least Developed Countries that are Landlocked
To see how they can benefit from Trade Liberalization in terms of FDI flow;
To see how improved Infrastructure with special reference to in Transport and Energy can help FDI;
To see How they can benefit from Aid for Trade .
There are other studies that have been done and the following determinants have been pointed out
Trade Liberalization can increase FDI
Good Infrastructure in particular Transport and Energy can help bring FDI;
Aid for Trade is critical for Economic development.
Rigorous Econometric Model of FDI -Regression analysis . It provides evidence for great importance and Positive impact on FDI stock of GDP and access to common market
Analysis will be based on data containing information on FDI stock in 16 LDCS that are landlocked over the period of 2002 to 2006
Data Collection will be done through with Private Sector, Government Officials and Civil Societies
The total cost of this research for each country will include the following ( The study intends to compare 15 countries, 5 in Africa,5 in Asia 5 in Europe and Latin America):
Travel Cost: 10,000
Cost of accommodation 10,000
Communication Cost 5,000
Fees for Research Assistance 6,000
Other Miscellaneous 2,000
The study will be done with Host Governments Officials responsible for Investment Promotion in Order to get ownership
Workshops will be done in the host countries in order to get involvements and support from all key stakeholders;
Follow-up workshops on recommendations will be done in order to make sure that FDI has started flowing in the country.
How I will present my proposal to relevant authorities, communities and funding agencies