…..Select REFORESTATION: CLIMATIC SIMILARITIES & SPECIES SITE CONDITIONS WITH COMMON ISSUES AND CONSTRAINTS Climate - Plant Composition -Site Conditions-or Combination of Methods with Economics in Mind ……..Plant ……….Harvest
RH Group committed to Reforestation: either Enrichment Planting; Natural Regeneration or Plantation Forestry ■ RH has vast experience in Plantation Forestry-Experiences from New Zealand and Malaysia will be drawn to Projects in PNG Reforestation Unit - Created & Staff Recruitment in Progress (my recruitment) Lands Unit-Created to Look into land issues relating to Reforestation Focus on Wawoi-Guavi TRP area –Company has established processing plants and need Resource Security (Replenishment) Sizable Land identified in Wawoi-Guavi and Technically feasible for Reforestation. Nursery Establishment with carrying capacity of 500,000 seedlings in Kamusie designed by experts from Malaysia in Consultation with RH (PNG) Group INTRODUCTION
OBJECTIVE ● Promoting our Concept for Reforestation – Creating Partnership, Collaboration, Networking and Develop Common Interest ● Sustain Resource Base & Operations - Kamusie & Panakawa Processing Plants ● Resource/Forest Replacement –Requirement under Forest Policy & Act ● Corporate Environmental Responsibility
ECONOMIC: Timber Products; Carbon credits; Tourism; Minor Forest Products; Diversify Local Economy ENVIRONMENTAL Carbon sequestration; Wildlife; Aesthetics; Landscape/Biodiversity Restoration SOCIAL: Employment; Recreation; Fuel woodTaungya/Agroforestry; REFORESTATION IN DEVELOPMENT RH has demonstrate this sustainomics triangle and will continue to do so with Reforestation Projects Reforestation
SPECIES CHOICE ●What kind of Species, How well theywill grow, Where and What are their end uses? ● Fast Growth with High Economic Value; End Uses; Objectives; Economic Viability; Availability of Planting Material ●Adaptability: How well species can thrive on site? Ecology, Physiology, Genetics (3-yrs express biology of site) ● In making Decisions for Species Choice: Adaptability and Species OR End Use and Species OR Both ● Right Choice-Ease of Silviculture
Provenance Species-Site Matching PLANTATION DEVELOPMENT PROCESS•Reconnaissance to existing plantations incl. Ulabo, Lae (FRI) and SBLC Collect meteorological data-Compare climatic similarities & introduce species to site Traditional Approach in Forestry-Lengthy Process Genotype (wild population)-Provenance Trial-Progeny Trials-Improved Genetic Material (Seed)- Plantation Climate & Site with Species: Compare & Contrasts-Introduce to site w/ market, end-use, & value in mind
ESTABLISHMENT & MANAGEMENT Seed & Nursery •Nursery designed with carrying capacity for 500,000 seedlings for our proposed Planting Target ( 500-700 ha/yr) • Seed Important Reproductive material in Forestry • Quality Seed & Planting Stock-Profitable Plantation Out Planting & Stand Density • Growing Space – Right amount of Space (Spacing depending on Species & end uses) Establishment & Management • Weeding - Pruning – Thinning : Quality End Product
GROWTH & PERFORMANCE: ULABO, MILNE BAY ●Commence 1985 w/ primary sp being Kamarere & Talis ●Reach 1000m3 in 15-20 yrs ●Soil is sandy – sandy loam w/ 1500-3000 mm annual rainfall ●Site influence growth & productivity ●Talis best for Swamp; Kamarere prefers deep soil V=0.7854d2L; Volume of Individual Tree * total sph=Vol/ha; Vol/ha is divided by age to obtain vol/ha/yr Note: Figures are estimates, MAI changes w/ time reveling effect of site & stand treatment on growth.
GROWTH & PERFORMANCE SBLC ●SBLC Reforestation 1976/77 ●Over 10, 000 ha & harvesting 1999-present exceeds 208, 000 m3 ●Teak excellent coppice (1 yr coppice from 1 yr stump 4 m in ht & DBH 3 cm ●Better managed-productivity-high ●High rainfall w/ deep sandy loam soils
Taun-fast growth ~Kamarere Kamarere, Talis, Taun over 1000 m3 in 15-20 yrs. Lae-site & climate similar to Kamusie Rosewood & Kwila-slow growth GROWTH & PERFORMANCE –FRI, LAE
SITE PRODUCTIVITY • MAI (Volume) Kamarere at different age
RECOM/CONCLUSIONS ● Kamarere, Talis and Taun - primary species - others secondary species. ● NFS Provide Policy and Legal Support with Incentives e.g., forgo reforestation levies for companies who are actively doing reforestation or consider counterpart funding. ● Reforestation Policy - Drives the Reforestation Projects on the Ground ● Consultation with Lands Department, PNGFA and Dept of Environment and Conservation on land or lease agreements –how best we can do reforestation on customary land. ● RH commence dialogue with PNGFA - possibility of RH purchasing existing state plantations - reforestation and harvesting concurrently.
ISSUES • Land Tenure in relation to Reforestation • Ownership: Who owns trees from Enrichment Planting/Natural Regeneration or Plantation • Landowner Participation/Benefits (Conflict of Land Use) • Reforestation Policy (Excellent piece of Policy BUT still in Draft Form) • “The timber industry as a key player needs to actively pursue reforestation. Under this policy the government will address all the factors which have prevented the industry from undertaking reforestation”(PNGFA NR Policy (Draft) 2005 p.6). ...We will be thrilled by witnessing this happening…