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By: Gillian T. and Sydney P. THREE CHINESE PHILOSOPHINES. CONFUCIANIS ! Confucianism. Based on teachings of Kongfuzi Kongfuzi was called Confucius by the westerns

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By gillian t and sydney p

By: Gillian T. and Sydney P.


Confucianis http www himalayanacademy com resources books hbh images 06 sym confucian jpg


  • Based on teachings of Kongfuzi

  • Kongfuzi was called Confucius by the westerns

  • Respected the Chinese traditions

  • He thought the government should if there is to be peace and order

  • He wanted to teach men good character to work as government officials

Confucianism what china was like when confucius lived
Confucianism what china was like when Confucius lived

The teachings of Confucianism made a major impact on the Chinese

  • The values he made were respect elders

  • Love of scholarship

  • Proper behavior

  • The sayings of Confucius

    are wise and practical

Five basic relationships
Five basic relationships

  • Ruler and Subject

  • Husband and Wife

  • Father and Son

  • Older sibling and Younger sibling

  • Friend and Friend

Influence on the government by confucianism
Influence on the government by Confucianism

  • Confucianism had a big effect in the government during the Han dynasty

  • People who worked of the government were traditionally sons of nobles

  • They might or might not have the Ability and wisdom to do their jobs well

  • Because of the influence of Confucianism civil servants were hired for their ability

  • Civil servants are people who do the work of the government

The founder daoism
The Founder Daoism

Laozi was the founder of Daoism

Author of Dao De Jing ( The Classic of the Way and Its Power

Scholars believe he lived in the late 500’s B.C.E.,r:1,s:0&tx=59&ty=49

The teachings of daoism
The Teachings of Daoism

  • Based on the Chinese idea of the Dao, or “The Way”

  • Dao: the force that gave order to the natural universe

  • Daoism taught people to gain happiness and peace

Discovering how to behave as a daoist
Discovering how to Behave as a Daoist

Too many laws and social rules only get ion the way of living naturally and following the Dao

The best rulers were the ones who ruled the least

The Dao De Jing says, “Governing a large country is like frying a small fish. You spoil it with too much poking.” It also tells Rulers, “Be weak. Let things alone.”

Yin and yang
Yin and Yang

Yin means shaded

Yang means sunlight

Yin: one half of the Daoist concept of opposing forces of nature: the opposite of Yang

Yang: one half of the Daoist concept of opposing forces of nature: the opposite of Yin

How rulers should behave
How Rulers should Behave

Be weak

Let things alone,r:2,s:0

Three chinese philosophines


Legalism (Hanfeizi) is the third philosopher of China

Hanfeizi was a prince of a royal family of the state of Han

He wanted to make peace and order in society

But he did not think the Confucian teachings about proper behavior were the answer

Three chinese philosophines

Hanfeizi believed the way to govern was to…

  • Establish strict laws

  • Enforcing them with rewards for good behavior

  • Harsh punishments for bad behavior

Three chinese philosophines

Qin Dynasty applying to his teachings

  • They built strong central government and a well organized society

  • To achieve these goals they adopted strict Legalist ideas

  • People were forbidden to criticize the government

  • People were put to death for disloyalty and crimes

Three chinese philosophines

Hanfeizi’s Idea to create a strong society

  • Hanfeizi said that rulers should have absolute power backed up by military might

  • Rulers should trust no one not even their families

  • Hanfeizi said, “He who trusts will be controlled by others.”


  • Frey, Wendy. History Alive! the Ancient World. Palo Alto, CA: Teachers' Curriculum Institute, 2004. Print.

  • Hanfeizi in desk "Brief Analysis of Legalism - Cultural China - China Culture." History - China Culture. Web. 03 May 2011. <>.

  • confucius "Confucius Quotes." THE CHUCKLE CORNER. Web. 03 May 2011. <>.

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