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Learning Goals and Scales

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  1. Learning Goals and Scales

  2. Foundation of the Lesson • The starting place for all effective instruction is designing and communicating clear learning goals • Scales provide a clear direction for students • Scales set the stage for assessments and provide students with effective feedback

  3. Writing Effective Learning Goals • State what students should learn over the course of a unit • Derived from the content standards • Broken down into Declarative and Procedural Knowledge • Students will understand X • Students will be able to Y

  4. Well Written Goals Are… • Challenging but attainable by students • Designed at different levels of complexity

  5. Learning Goal Example • Students will understand the dynamics involved in stretching specific muscles and be able to demonstrate proper form

  6. Scales • Level 3 is your Target Goal for the class • Leveled 1-4 in a hierarchy • Build in complexity utilizing Marazno’s New Taxonomy of Knowledge Utilization

  7. Goals to Scales • Write your targeted learning goal based upon your content standard • Identify knowledge that is easier than the targeted learning goal • Identify knowledge that is more complex than the targeted learning goal

  8. Learning Goal Example • Targeted Goal: Students will be able to multiply a two-digit number by another two-digit number • Easier Goal: Students will be able to multiply a two-digit number by a one-digit number • Complex Goal: Students will be able to multiply a number with three or more digits by a two-digit number

  9. Marzano’s New Taxonomy of Knowledge Utilization Adapted from: Marzano, R.J. (2009). Designing & teaching learning goals & objectives. Bloomington, IN: Marzano Research Laboratory

  10. Adapted from: Schmidt, R. (2012). 5 steps to creating successful common core scales for student learning. MarzanoResearch Laboratory. Retrieved from http://www.marzanoevaluation.com/FLDOE/article/5-steps-to-creating-successful-common-core-scales-for-student-learning.

  11. Marzano Research Laboratory Proficiency Scale Bank • Proficiency Scale Bank • http://www.marzanoresearch.com/

  12. Resources • Marzano, R.J. (2009). Designing & teaching learning goals & objectives. Bloomington, IN: Marzano Research Laboratory • Marzano, R.J., Brown, J.L. (2009). A handbook for the art and science of teaching. Alexandria, VA: ASCD • Marzano, R.J., Yanoski, D. C., Hoegh, J.K, & Simms, J.A. (2013). Using common core standards to enhance classroom instruction & assessment. Bloomington, IN: Marzano Research Laboratory • Marzano Research Laboratory. (2013). [Proficiency Scales Data Bank] Retrieved from http://itembank.marzanoresearch.com/search.aspx • Shmidt, R. (2012). 5 steps to creating successful common core scales for student learning. Marzano Research Laboratory. Retrieved from http://www.marzanoevaluation.com/FLDOE/article/5-steps- to-creating-successful-common-core-scales-for-student- learning