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Ports and its infrastructure. Roundtable Conference on Coal 28 th October 2013 , New Delhi. Tamal Roy TM International Logistics Ltd. ( A Tata Steel Subsidiary). Overview of coal import. Coal Import Trends. CAGR = 22.63 % . Inflection Point. CAGR = 31.11 % . CAGR = 11.63 % .

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Presentation Transcript
ports and its infrastructure

Ports and its infrastructure

Roundtable Conference on Coal

28th October 2013 , New Delhi

Tamal Roy

TM International Logistics Ltd. ( A Tata Steel Subsidiary)

coal import trends
Coal Import Trends

CAGR = 22.63 %

Inflection Point

CAGR = 31.11 %

CAGR = 11.63 %

Imported Non-Coking Coal is the showstopper

let s slice the data further
Let’s slice the data further...

Cargo Break-up in West Coast (MT)

Cargo Break-up in East Coast (MT)

80 MT

58 MT

Major Origins:

  • Non-Coking Coal : Indonesia and South Africa
  • Shorter haulage
  • Panamax/Supramax
  • Coking Coal : Australia
  • Longer haulage
  • Capesize/Panamax
  • Lion’s share of Coking Coal import through East Coast Ports due to proximity to Steel Plants
  • Import through West Coast skewed in favour of Non-Coking Coal
imported coal traffic at select indian ports during fy13
Imported Coal Traffic at Select Indian Ports during FY13

Select Major Ports

Select Minor Ports

Deep-Water Minor Ports

Mundra – 26 MT

Kandla – 4.3 MT

Haldia – 6.5 MT

Dhamra – 8 MT

Paradip – 12.7 MT

Visakhapatnam – 11.8 MT

Mumbai– 4.2 MT

Gangavaram – 10 MT

Kakinada – 4 MT

Mormugao – 7.3 MT

Krishnapatnam – 16 MT

New Mangalore – 4.3 MT

Ennore – 6 MT

Karaikal – 5 MT

Tuticorin - 3 MT

imported coal logistics
Imported Coal Logistics

Low Value Commodity

Logistics Cost – Major Component of Landed Cost

Freight Benefits through Economies of Scale

Usage of Lager Vessel

Import through Deep Water Ports

Capable of accommodating Larger Vessels

Mechanized Handling System

Quick turnaround of vessels

Larger Stockyards

Holding larger parcels

Reliable Evacuation Methods

Rake availability / Hinterland Connectivity

Port infrastructure plays pivotal role in imported coal logistics

inadequate draft
Inadequate Draft

Mundra – 17 mtr

Kandla – 12.5 mtr

Haldia – 7.2 mtr

Dhamra – 18 mtr

Paradip – 14 mtr

Mumbai– 11 mtr

Visakhapatnam – 11 mtr

Gangavaram – 16 mtr

Kakinada –13 MT

Mormugao – 11 mtr

Krishnapatnam – 17 mtr

New Mangalore – 14 mtr

Ennore – 13.5 mtr

Karaikal – 15 mtr

Tuticorin - 12.5 mtr

  • No Indian Port is naturally deep drafted
  • No Major Port equipped to handle large vessels
    • Importers can’t derive freight benefits
  • Huge Dredging Requirement
    • Eating away Port’s profitability
inadequate infrastructure
Inadequate Infrastructure

Limited dedicated coal handling facility at major ports

Lower Productivity

Semi-mechanised Handling System

Higher Pollution

Import traffic exceeding capacity

Very high capacity utilization leading to Congestion

Inefficient Port Operations

hinterland connectivity
Hinterland Connectivity

Overdependence on Railways

Alternates to Railways System

  • Over utilised - Highly Congested
    • Track Congestion
    • Shortage of rakes
    • Shortage of bottom opening wagons
    • Zonal capacity constraints
    • Problems related to Inter-Zone re-deployment of rakes
  • Direct Conveying
    • Most efficient mean for importer adjacent to the port
      • Tata Power – Mundra
      • RINL – Gangavaram
      • TNEB - Ennore
    • High CAPEX – Guaranteed Cargo
  • Inland Waterways
    • More than 14500 kms of waterways
    • 5 National Waterways + State Waterways
    • Low level of Utilization
  • Coastal Shipping
    • 7500 kms long coastline covering 200 ports and 9 states
    • Safer Mode of transportation
    • Low level of Utilization

Issues with Inland Waterways and Coastal Shipping

  • Inland Waterways
    • Poor navigability
    • Extremely strong seasonal river currents
    • Theft / River piracy
  • Coastal Shipping
    • Limited dedicated berths for coastal vessels
    • Norms on age, manning and statutory surveys similar to OGVs
implementation issues in capacity augmentation
Implementation Issues in Capacity Augmentation

Approval from various agencies

Land acquisition issues

Credit Crunch

Time and Cost Over Runs

way forward
Way Forward
  • Integrated approach in Transport & Logistics Infrastructure Planning
    • Synergy between Major Port Trusts and State Maritime Board
    • Hub and Spoke Model in Port Development to derive maximum benefit
    • Rail / Road Connectivity with the Hinterland
  • Single Window for all regulatory clearances
  • Incentives for Inland Waterways and Coastal Shipping