Convention and Compromise . Chapter 3, Section 2. Unpacking the Standards. Describe the weaknesses of government under the Articles of Confederation. Explain how national leaders met to produce a new Constitution.
Chapter 3, Section 2
Describe the weaknesses of government under the Articles of Confederation.
Explain how national leaders met to produce a new Constitution.
Discuss how the Constitutional Convention worked to create a new government for the country.
After reading the section, you will be able to:
The new nation faced difficult problems and many Americans believed the Confederation government was too weak to deal with these challenges.
After the Revolutionary War ended, the U.S. went through a depression.
When economic activity slowed and unemployment increased
Murmurs of protest soon grew into revolt . . . .
Shays, a former Army captain, and other angry farmers, forced courts in western Pennsylvania to close so judges could not confiscate farmers’ lands.
Shays leads 1000 farmers towards the federal arsenal in Springfield, Illinois.
The state militia ordered the farmers to halt and then shot over the heads.
Militia fired again, killing 4 rebels. Shays and his followers scatter, and the uprising is over.
What do you think an “arsenal” is?
They worried that the government could not control unrest and prevent violence.
#1 – Tell your partner what Washington means
#2 – Tell you partner what Jefferson means
“mankind, when left to themselves, are unfit for their own government”
“A little rebellion, now and then, is a good thing.”
Can the principles of the Declaration of Independence and slavery be reconciled?
(can they coexist in harmony?)
The Revolutionary War brought attention to the contradiction between the American battle for liberty and the practice of slavery.
Some national leaders called for revision of the Articles of Confederation
At first, Washington was not enthusiastic about the movement to revise the Articles of Confederation, but changed his mind after hearing about Shays’s Rebellion.
“Father” of the Constitution
The Great Compromise
What does “bicameral” mean?
What does the legislative branch do?
What does the United States call its legislative branch?
Every 5 slaves would count as 3 white males.
Congress would not interfere with the slave trade until 1808
The Constitution is finished on September 17, 1787
Some delegates worried that without the protection of a bill of rights, the new national government might abuse its power.
What do you think “adequate” means?
However, most delegates believed that the Constitution, with its carefully defined listing of government powers, provided adequate protection of individual rights.
The delegates (representatives) at the convention agreed that the Constitution will go into effect when 9 out 13 states ratify it.