predicting synthesis decomposition reactions n.
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Predicting Synthesis & Decomposition Reactions. Writing Chemical Reactions . In order to be able to write a chemical reaction, you MUST know how to write formulas from names! If you still cannot do this…you are going to have MAJOR trouble. Small Intro to Redox (MUCH more on this later!).

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writing chemical reactions
Writing Chemical Reactions
  • In order to be able to write a chemical reaction, you MUST know how to write formulas from names!
  • If you still cannot do this…you are going to have MAJOR trouble
small intro to redox much more on this later
Small Intro to Redox(MUCH more on this later!)
  • A reaction in which electrons are transferred from one atom to another is called an ____________________ reaction.
determining oxidation numbers
Determining Oxidation Numbers
  • The oxidation number for any uncombined elements or diatomic molecule is __________
  • The oxidation number for a monatomic ion is its __________
  • The oxidation number of Hydrogen is usually __________ . The exception is in a __________ where the oxidation number will be -1
  • The oxidation number of oxygen is usually __________ EXCEPT in __________ . Then it is -1
determining oxidation numbers1
Determining Oxidation Numbers
  • In binary compounds (nonmetal + nonmetal) the positive one is first and the negative one is second
  • The sum of the oxidation numbers for all atoms in a neutral compound is __________
  • The sum of the oxidation numbers in a polyatomic ion is equal to the __________ of the polyatomic ion
steps for writing ionic equations
Steps for Writing Ionic Equations
  • Write the balanced molecular equation (balanced chemical equation)
  • Break every thing down into its ions EXCEPT the __________ , __________, __________ , or ______________(complete ionic equation)
  • Cross out everything that is the same on both sides (__________ ions)
  • Write what is left (net ionic equation)
synthesis 1
Synthesis # 1
  • Metal oxide + nonmetal oxide  salt (Not Redox)
    • Not redox means the middle element in the salt will have the same oxidation number at the nonmetal reactant
synthesis 1 example
Synthesis # 1 Example
  • Sulfur dioxide gas is passed over solid calcium oxide
synthesis 2
Synthesis # 2
  • Metal oxide + water  base (Not Redox)
  • Solid sodium oxide is added to water
synthesis 3
Synthesis #3
  • Non metal oxide + water  acid (Not Redox)
  • Sulfur dioxide gas is placed in water
synthesis 4
Synthesis # 4
  • Metal + nonmetal  salt
  • A salt is just an ionic compound ( a positive charge & a negative charge)
  • Magnesium metal is combusted in nitrogen gas
synthesis 5
Synthesis #5
  • Metal chloride + oxygen  Metal chlorate
  • Magnesium chloride reacts with oxygen
decomposition
Decomposition
  • Decompositions reactions are just synthesis reactions backward