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Advantages and Disadvantages of the South and the North During the Civil War. Mr. Reeder US History. What are some things you can think of that are needed to wage a war? People Common Soldiers Officers/Political Leaders Workers (at home or in factories) Goods

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slide1

Advantages and Disadvantages of the South and the North During the Civil War

Mr. Reeder

US History

what is needed to wage a war
What are some things you can think of that are needed to wage a war?

People

Common Soldiers

Officers/Political Leaders

Workers (at home or in factories)

Goods

Military goods (guns, ammo, navy)

Supporting goods (railroads, food)

Capital goods (iron, factories, money)

What is needed to wage a war?
slide10

The Confederate Generals

“Stonewall” Jackson

Nathan Bedford Forrest

George Pickett

Jeb Stuart

James Longstreet

Robert E. Lee

slide11

The Union Generals

Winfield Scott

Joseph Hooker

Ulysses S. Grant

Irwin McDowell

George McClellan

George Meade

Ambrose Burnside

George McClellan,Again!

slide12

The Presidents

Pres. Jefferson Davis

Pres. Abraham Lincoln

memorials
Memorials

Stone Mountain, Georgia:

Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, Stonewall Jackson

Washington DC:

Abraham Lincoln

navy north vs south
The North retained the entire Navy

Most Naval officers stayed loyal to the North

Lincoln commissioned over 500 naval ships

The North commissioned the first ironclad warship, the USS Monitor

Navy: North vs. South
slide16

Blockade

  • North’s navy allowed it form a blockade
  • The North captured or destroyed ~1500 Confederate ships
  • South’s cotton exports decreased 95% during the war
  • The North could implement the Anaconda Plan and divide the South in half at the Mississippi
slide17

However, the South’s long coastline, from the Gulf of Mexico up the Atlantic, made it difficult to implement the blockade

  • South built many small, light, and fast “Blockade Runners”
  • Early in the war, up to 95% of blockade running was successful

blockade runner

type of battles fought north vs south
Type of Battles Fought: North vs. South
  • North fighting largely offensive war
  • South fighting largely defensive war
  • South is a smaller, more geographically compact area
  • Who would this help? Why?
location of battles north vs south
The 384 principal battles occurred in 26 states

States with fifteen or more include:

Virginia (123)

Tennessee (38),

Missouri (29)

Georgia(28)

Louisiana (23)

North Carolina (20)

Arkansas (17)

Mississippi(16)

Location of Battles: North vs. South

Whose advantage would this be? Why?

foreign assistance north vs south
South buys (imports) and sells (exports) more to Europe than the North does

British and French society resembles the aristocracy in the South, with their rich plantation owners, more than it does the more democratic North

Britain and France have strong Navies and other war resources

Whose advantage would this be? Why?

Foreign Assistance: North vs. South
slide27

Resources: North vs. South

What is the South’s most important advantage?

slide29

Railroad Lines, 1860

Where are track more dense?

What is the importance of railroads to the war?

financial capital
Financial Capital
  • Union could finance its war expenses by selling federal bonds
  • Citizens have faith
  • South unable to control inflation so purchasing power declines
  • Citizens don’t have faith
intangible north vs south
Who had more of a will to win?

Who’s way of life would change the most if they lost?

Whose advantage would this be? Why?

Intangible: North vs. South