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F lares from FLAIR

F lares from FLAIR

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F lares from FLAIR

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  1. Flares from FLAIR

  2. Steaming Exxon flare – which one? 5/16 2 flares and a 3rd emission source Exxon Chemical Company Mont Belvieu Plastics Plant 5/16/2009 12:14:54 slow winds @[Q] 5/16/2009 12:22:08 Crown flare is on @[Q] 5/16/2009 12:23:53 the flare is steaming @[Q]

  3. Exxon flare time series

  4. Steaming Exxon flare - Good correlations w/ CO, CO2 DRE(C2H4) = 0.725 (assuming vent gas = 100% C2H4) DRE(prop) = 0.968 (assuming vent gas = 100% C3H6) DRE(but) = 0.986 (assuming vent gas = 100% C4H8) CE = 0.640

  5. Steaming Exxon flare Information from 2006 special EI: The HDPE-1 flare has listed emissions of “butene (1)” 2.037 Ethylene 3.028 Hexene 0.102 Hexane 2.47 Octane 0.002 N-butane 0.552 Propane 0.002 Nox 0.6817 (no propene!) The LLDPE flare has listed emissions of Compound lbs/hr (on 8/15/2006 at 01:00) Butene 6.405 Ethylene 4.872 Hexene 6.99 Hexane 0.022 i-pentane 7.838 n-butane 0.875 Propane 0.309 Nox 2.77 3rd source (E2 feed bin filter VT) Small amounts (~0.001 lbs/hr) of hexene, toluene, hexane

  6. More Exxon maybe?

  7. Marathon flare – 4/29 and other days

  8. 4/29/2009 15:27:05 We can see the flames from the flare - 4/29/2009 15:27:44 according to Tom that means they are burning flammable material like butane 4/29/2009 15:33:42 turning around 4/29/2009 15:52:22 CO spikes from oncoming cars 4/29/2009 16:09:25 Chalmer 4/29/2009 16:09:54 Chalmer's just showed up to jpin the party 4/29/2009 16:33:30 shift chage at Marathon More Marathon

  9. Lots, lots of Marathon flare 4/29/2009 16:09:25 Chalmer 4/29/2009 16:09:54 Chalmer's just showed up to jpin the party 4/29/2009 16:33:30 shift chage at Marathon 4/29/2009 16:33:39 most of the CO is from vehicles 4/29/2009 16:43:56 had a greats sampling event at Marathon 4/29/2009 16:44:06 leaving to make our way back to the courthouse

  10. Flare Emission Capture from Mobile Laboratory Prevailing Wind Known Plant Flare P-200 Carbon balance methods with a guess about vent gas composition: DRE = 94% (88% - 96%) CE: 0.9ish

  11. Marathon EI 2006 info “Alkylation Unit Flare” Typical emissions (on 8/15/2006 at 01:00) Compound lbs/hr VOC-unclassified 12.35 C-2-butene 0.05 T-2-butene 0.07 Ethylene 0.47 Propylene 0.2 Hexane 0.14 i-butane 0.83 i-pentane 0.09 n-butane 0.14 Propane 0.32

  12. Eyeballed CE looks like 0.99 4/29/2009 14:12:45 leaving 4/29/2009 14:13:52 self sampling 4/29/2009 14:32:15 nice hcho and ethylene hit - Scott says this is the biggest hcho hit yet. 4/29/2009 14:33:20 we are sitting diagonally to the road so that passing vehicles do not bring our exhaust up to the inlet 4/29/2009 14:40:22 the last hit was from a diesel 4/29/2009 14:49:56 seeing benzene at the knuckle 4/29/2009 14:53:22 must be a leaky tank at the OilCity(?) tank farm 4/29/2009 15:09:48 just finished visiting with Jimmy and Olga 4/29/2009 15:10:31 The tank farm is Oiltanking 4/29/2009 15:12:03 self sample 4/29/2009 15:13:06 the m/z 43 may be isopropanol - Jimmy saw that on the side of one of the tanks 4/29/2009 15:23:23 real nice hit of ethylene and hcho\ 4/29/2009 15:23:34 ptr also seeing benzene 4/29/2009 15:24:07 Scott saw a Flare directly upwind of where we are sitting 4/29/2009 15:24:30 SHOW CASE - FLARE event 4/29/2009 15:25:58 propene seems to be following the ethylene response 4/29/2009 15:27:05 We can see the flames from the flare - 4/29/2009 15:27:44 according to Tom that means they are burning flammable material like butane Likely the Marathon flare again

  13. 4/24/2009 15:44:46 smelling acetic acid 4/24/2009 15:45:47 plume of benzene and toluene just back there 4/24/2009 15:46:03 different smell 4/24/2009 15:46:54 heading back towards where we were busted 4/24/2009 15:47:11 going slower now 4/24/2009 15:47:31 downwind of the flare [MARATHON? – Ezra’s note, not in aether notes] 4/24/2009 15:48:08 big styrene plume 4/24/2009 15:50:03 going back past Strling Chemical 4/24/2009 15:50:27 bad at8ink

  14. More Marathon, but CO2 correlation is mediocre 4/30/2009 12:29:01 Marathon flare 4/30/2009 12:30:39 1. bearing ** 4/30/2009 12:33:04 so anemometer calibration was off about 15 degrees 4/30/2009 12:36:40 here, we see two flares with intermittent visible flames, - on L is continuous 4/30/2009 13:11:58 a showcase plume, Scott says 4/30/2009 13:22:16 that was us 4/30/2009 13:32:42 that's us again 4/30/2009 13:38:18 backing oout after "field" mission

  15. Other Texas city flares(not Marathon)

  16. 4/25/2009 08:58:55 idling at street corner 4/25/2009 08:59:37 plume...good correlation between all gases (excpet co2) 4/25/2009 09:00:04 co, co2. ethene, form, so2 4/25/2009 09:00:14 abg 4/25/2009 09:01:48 neighborhood folk talking to scott 4/25/2009 09:01:58 curious about truck 4/25/2009 09:03:02 hits are still coming...no and no2 still relatively flat

  17. CE = 0.98 (does this apply to coker?) 4/25/2009 09:03:56 we're getting out to see coker 4/25/2009 09:26:09 we're back 4/25/2009 09:27:45 lecture from Loyd, used to work at BP for years. sulfur from h2s being burned with

  18. 4/25/2009 12:37:48 leaving. finding gas station to fill up. 4/25/2009 12:47:40 got a flaming flare up ahead 4/25/2009 12:47:50 just got back from bathroom 4/25/2009 12:48:38 benzene hit 4/25/2009 12:48:56 trying to find flaming flare 4/25/2009 12:49:40 CO2 hits. From flare? 4/25/2009 12:50:06 Nice CO2 plume. 4/25/2009 12:50:10 abg 4/25/2009 12:51:17 still seeing CO2 plume 4/25/2009 12:53:11 no activity of other gases except for benzene. but berk does not think it is concident with CO2. 4/25/2009 12:53:24 moving 4/25/2009 12:55:10 CO2 still very active. distinct peaks indicating strong point sources 4/25/2009 12:55:14 abg 4/25/2009 12:56:35 still seeing benzene 4/25/2009 12:58:23 facing the DOW plant.

  19. 4/26/2009 09:56:33 going by the burping flare 4/26/2009 09:57:15 actuallty a pair of buripingflartes 4/26/2009 09:57:39 saw nice ethylene 4/26/2009 09:58:21 Scottt thinks the big CO and other stuff was from a FORD truck 4/26/2009 09:58:40 turning around (continued on next slide)…

  20. 4/26/2009 10:17:20 we are parked downwind of the burpers 4/26/2009 10:17:42 seeing elevated ethylene 4/26/2009 10:24:36 ethylene and styrene seemed to be correlated 4/26/2009 10:24:52 Showcase for ethylene 4/26/2009 10:26:36 AMS sulfate seems anticorrelated with ethylene during these events 4/26/2009 10:30:22 moving off 4/26/2009 10:32:32 seeing the burperswjhile we were at the intsection 4/26/2009 10:33:31 seeing the same anticorrelation between AMS sulfate and ethylene 4/26/2009 10:34:27 elevated benzene and broad co2 hits 4/26/2009 10:44:12 we have been idling in the parking lot behind the Starbucks

  21. From last slide between 10:23 and 10:25: This is good, track down the info Eth/CO = 0.15

  22. Benzene butadiene 4/26/2009 14:27:18 facilies on both sides now 4/26/2009 14:27:48 passing by a flare on our right 4/26/2009 14:27:58 Scott named the flare Mark 4/26/2009 14:32:33 parked next to the LDH energy facility 4/26/2009 14:33:59 Tim saw a flare and named it Edwardo 4/26/2009 14:49:41 nice ethylene hit

  23. 4/26/2009 14:33:59 Tim saw a flare and named it Edwardo 4/26/2009 14:49:41 nice ethylene hit 4/26/2009 15:11:43 butadiene and ethylene appear correlated in time 4/26/2009 15:20:12 well resolved event with CO and HCHO 4/26/2009 15:38:18 nice event CO, ethylene, HCHO and benzene 4/26/2009 16:02:01 we are tryiing to leave the LDH facility

  24. 4/26/2009 16:17:59 the last event is not a self sample 4/26/2009 16:19:43 ethylene is most active hear

  25. 4/28/2009 09:58:30 driving through Texas City 4/28/2009 09:58:51 BP plant 4/28/2009 09:58:56 North edge of BP

  26. No notes for afternoon of 4/28. Great HCHO-C2H4 correlation HCHO/C2H4 = 0.05, probably just 2ndary HCHO PTR is down? 13:32 – 13:35: C2H4/CO = 0.33 (on right) CO2/CO = 95 ppb/ppb (not shown) Goes on all afternoon, w/ propene too. Just stationary CH data?

  27. HCHO/C2H4 = 0.15 Later at 2:30 am, ratio is exactly the same – yes, def primary HCHO Stationary at CH? 4/29/2009 16:44:06 leaving to make our way back to the courthouse 4/29/2009 16:45:22 heading past the BP facility 4/29/2009 16:48:47 strong smell kinda like some sulfur compound 4/29/2009 16:58:49 ams + cpc offline for critical orifice cleaning and then filter sample 4/30/2009 07:18:54 cpc plugged, or dead, or somethng...

  28. No notes. HCHO/C2H4 = 0.27 C2H4/CO = 0.032 CO2/CO = 26 Plenty of HCHO, C2H4 later that day (w/o the Cox)

  29. 5/1/2009 15:49:22 looking at a big flare, Berk's 2nd photo 5/1/2009 15:59:39 2nd pass at the big flare, it's still oon 5/1/2009 16:02:52 see the flare on the webcam, to the left of the derrrick, just R of largest structure 5/1/2009 16:03:31 so, we like this HCHO/C2H2 hit 5/1/2009 16:06:30 coming out of zero, a non-traf 5/1/2009 16:06:30 fic stretch before the light changed... back there a bit 5/1/2009 16:07:46 now crawl forward... 5/1/2009 16:12:37 we can see it, but we can't "see" it 5/1/2009 16:15:00 banana and MLK 5/1/2009 16:16:10 Industrial and MLK 5/1/2009 16:16:29 RoosExt 5/1/2009 16:22:09 at Airgas 5/1/2009 16:23:18 flare is jut to R of right-center phone pole 5/1/2009 16:32:17 in middle of Valero intersection 5/1/2009 16:34:20 now, at the bar 5/1/2009 16:35:51 flare is between Trees 3 and 4 in webcam 5/1/2009 16:38:23 no luck - back on the road 5/1/2009 16:52:07 HCHO/C2H2, and not much CO? 5/1/2009 16:52:38 again? 5/1/2009 17:01:23 that will do - C2H2/HCHO/SO2 and CO

  30. 5/1/2009 17:37:16 got it again, and move in mid-hit 5/1/2009 17:40:58 after another move, out of self... 5/1/2009 17:42:38 yup, got it again 5/1/2009 17:47:10 on the road, going further downwind 5/1/2009 17:47:30 self... 5/1/2009 17:51:50 self... 5/1/2009 17:56:36 is this it?

  31. 5/7/2009 11:16:27 waiting to see BP flare, "benzene" flare 5/7/2009 12:51:57 moving out of Shenanigan's parking lot 5/7/2009 12:52:09 going up 34th 5/7/2009 12:55:14 traffic. 5/7/2009 12:55:31 turning onto 1st ave 5/7/2009 12:57:19 traffic 5/7/2009 12:59:24 hits of benzene, hcho, ethene, no and no2 and co2 5/7/2009 13:01:38 backing up] 5/7/2009 13:02:37 self samp

  32. Stationary at K-ranch. Occasional slight correlation between C2H4 and CO, Negative correlation w/ CO2…. (when above the noise)

  33. 5/12/2009 13:42:36 moving - following the SOF 5/12/2009 13:45:30 diesel truck plume 5/12/2009 13:46:03 inching up on Conoco Phillips _ Gulf Coast Refractionater facility 5/12/2009 13:47:06 SO and particles and CO2 and NOX 5/12/2009 13:48:04 big HCHO hit also PTR not seeing anything 5/12/2009 13:50:29 stopped for zero 5/12/2009 13:51:31 heavy buring flare off our right 5/12/2009 13:51:39 Scott is trying to position us

  34. 5/13/2009 15:01:33 We got a good plume there 5/13/2009 15:01:46 combustion plume 5/13/2009 15:01:54 pick up passed 5/13/2009 15:03:34 The aZtec is there again 5/13/2009 15:03:58 pick up passedup 5/13/2009 15:04:17 pick up passed 5/13/2009 15:04:41 Pick up passed 5/13/2009 15:07:59 The wind has changed and we dont see much now 5/13/2009 15:12:45 some pick ups have passed in the past couple of minutes Good X/CO ratios, Not w/ CO2 though

  35. 5/13/2009 16:35:37 The flare that we were afraind of is here 5/13/2009 16:37:17 This flare is not the plume we were sampling before 5/13/2009 16:37:19 that is a relief 5/13/2009 16:37:39 plume is comming up 5/13/2009 16:38:19 that means we are sampling the big polluters guys 5/13/2009 16:38:51 Game on 5/13/2009 16:39:12 Close to 5 ave 5/13/2009 16:41:10 Scott says this is real speactra of HCHO 5/13/2009 16:41:39 Filling dewars 5/13/2009 16:42:01 PTR was also sean this flare 5/13/2009 16:42:07 with mass 57

  36. 5/14/2009 14:54:07 stopping 5/14/2009 14:58:44 About to set up the GC canister 5/14/2009 15:04:50 Berk is working on it 5/14/2009 15:05:17 We have been inside the plume for the past 10 minutes or so 5/14/2009 15:15:46 We are seeing SO2, C2H4, CO and VOCs 5/14/2009 15:21:48 GC just started

  37. 5/14/2009 16:16:32 We are in a CO2 plume 5/14/2009 16:18:45 I think these NOx short term plumes were the vehicles passing 5/14/2009 16:21:29 Moving out 5/14/2009 16:21:51 This was probably th nice yellow flame 5/14/2009 16:21:59 no VOCs attached to it 5/14/2009 16:23:00 Bunch of Pick ups and cars 5/14/2009 16:23:03 turning right 5/14/2009 16:23:46 stopped

  38. 4/26/2009 09:20:37 thus is where we were yesterday for showcase 4/26/2009 09:21:04 looks loke a flare or a furnace burning upwind 4/26/2009 09:22:15 nice co2 hit from this area 4/26/2009 09:22:37 we are at the BP power station 4/26/2009 09:23:51 may be downwind of a flare 4/26/2009 09:24:35 Scott thinks we are seeing the flare 4/26/2009 09:24:50 ethene, hcho and co 4/26/2009 09:26:49 nice flare to our right but we don't seem to be seeing it 4/26/2009 09:32:45 nasty smell

  39. 4/24/2009 16:19:43 smells like fermented something 4/24/2009 16:21:13 particle from diesel truck 4/24/2009 16:21:50 back between the refineries 4/24/2009 16:22:11 turned camera to look at facility 4/24/2009 16:22:21 seeing ethene - its real 4/24/2009 16:22:40 huge no2 4/24/2009 16:22:55 may have been the flare 4/24/2009 16:24:25 turned camera back to forward looking 4/24/2009 16:25:19 different smell - burnt 4/24/2009 16:26:40 back to Sterling chemical

  40. 4/24/2009 16:37:16 entering refinery alley 4/24/2009 16:41:06 seeing ethene 4/24/2009 16:41:44 can't seem to locate the source - maybe the flare 4/24/2009 16:42:37 PTR seeing c2-benzenes

  41. Tidal road (Ship Channel)

  42. Other Mont Belvieu possible flares

  43. Stationary K-ranch.

  44. CE = 0.972 HCHO/CO = 0.11 Line 18 of excel sheet We are going to try to figure it out that glare @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:37:36 That flare is pulsing high @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:38:31 We just went to a big plume of NO2 @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:42:02 Pick up passed @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:42:09 stoppping @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:44:32 Moving a bit @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:44:50 A car passing by @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:46:04 A van passed by @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:46:14 Pick up passed @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:49:03 A venting ? @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:49:53 There is a flare towards Chevron @[Q] 5/15/2009 19:50:08 Getting into FM 1492 @[Q]

  45. Just south of Chevron. But there are no reported flares in 2006 in Mont Belvieu (or did I just chop off the big EI in igor…) CE = 0.90