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Knights Templar - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Knights Templar

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  1. Knights Templar

  2. Intro • Religious knights • Founded by two French Knights during the Crusades. • (“Knights Templar”)

  3. When the Knights Templar were founded • 1191 A.D. • By two French Knights, Sir Hugh des Payens and Sir Godfrey of St. Olmer. • (“Knights Templar”)

  4. Attire • Did not wear extravagant clothing. • Wore the white mantle of the Cisterian Order, adding a red cross to the front. • (“Knights Templar”)

  5. Other Names of the Order • Originally they were called the “Poor Fellow Soldiers of Christ and the Temple of Solomon”. • This was because of their poverty and lodgings given to them by the king of Jerusalem, Baldwin II • (“Knights Templar”)

  6. Their Purpose • To protect Christian Pilgrims coming to the Holy Land and leaving it. • Served the Christian faith, killing all non-Christians in the name of God. • Also served as protection for the Pope. • (“Knights Templar”)

  7. Weapons of the Knights Templar • Used long swords, daggers, and bows. • Their shields displayed the cross upon them. • Swords carried the family crest of a knight or some importance. • (“Knights Templar”)

  8. Knights Templar Tactics • Forbidden to retreat in battle. • Small numbers would often work with other armies to defeat a common enemy. • (“Knights Templar”)

  9. Knights Templar in the Crusades • Joined Crusades to protect Christianity. • Were created during the First Crusade. • Fought in every Crusade. • (“Knights Templar”)

  10. The Siege of Ascalon • Began January 25th, 1153. • Master of the Templars, Bernard de Tremeley, arrived at Ascalons’ walls with an army of Templars. • (Dafoe)

  11. Defeat at Ascalon • As they marched through the breach in the city’s wall, they were slaughtered by the awaiting Muslim garrison. • The Muslims hung their corpses over the city walls to taunt the other Christians. • (Dafoe)

  12. Knights Templar Wealth • They gained much wealth by helping Kings of different countries. • When Philip IV of France sought shelter with the Knights Templar, he saw their wealth and planned to steal it. • (“Knights Templar”)

  13. Banking • Because of the orders great wealth, they became involved in Banking. • Used a form of lending money known as Usury. • This increased their wealth even more. • (“Knights Templar”)

  14. French Templars • Originally formed by French Knights during the First Crusade around 1096 A.D. • Philip IV accused the Knights of heresy and magic, causing all French Templars to be arrested on Friday 13th, October, 1307. • (Library)

  15. English Templars • Supported a man named Stephen in his efforts to gain the English throne in 1136. • Richard de Hastings attempted to reconcile the differences between King Henry II and Thomas. • (Library)

  16. Spanish Templars • Knights Templar were given privileges by King Alfonso of Spain in 1130. • The Templars had helped the rulers of Catalonia and Aragon regain their lands from the Moors. • (Library)

  17. Freemasons • Templars went into hiding and emerged as the Freemasons in the 18th century. • Supposedly they discovered the greatest treasure in history, burying it in the Temple of Solomon. • (Knights Templar History)

  18. Citations • Dafoe, Stephen. ”The Siege of Ascalon.” Templar History. 17 June 2010. http//blog.templar history. com/2010/06/the-siege-of-ascalon/>. • Electric Canada. 13 January 2012. <http://www.electricscotland.com/history/kt/.html>. • Electric Scotland. Davis, Honorable Sir Charles S. • “Knights Templar History.” Middle Ages.org. 13 January 2012. <http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/knights-templar-history.htm>. • “Knights Templar.” World Encyclopedia. Chicago, Illinois.2011. • “middle ages’. Alchin, L.K. 16 July 2006. 13 January 2012. <http://www.middle-ages.org.UK/facts-about-knights.html>. • Young, Robyn. Brethren An Epic Tale of the Knights Templar. 2003