Trade Routes. Major Trade Patterns in the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000 to 1500 AD. Silk Road Trading. Where did the Silk Roads start? Where did they end? What goods came from China?. compass—used by travelers to figure out what direction they were going.
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Trade Routes Major Trade Patterns in the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000 to 1500 AD
Silk Road Trading • Where did the Silk Roads start? Where did they end? • What goods came from China? compass—used by travelers to figure out what direction they were going paper—traveled through Muslim world to Byzantium and Western Europe porcelain textiles—fabric for clothes; silk
Ideas from China Buddhism—which spread from India to China then spread from China to Korea and Japan Printing spread from China Paper money spread from China
Indian Ocean Trading • Maritime routes—trading across oceans, not land • Where will the ships travel? • What goods and ideas will they carry? Textiles—made from silk, wool and cotton Spices—from islands in the Indian Ocean Crops for making sugar Lateen sail
Ideas from India • What two religions started in India and spread to Southwest Asia?
Trans means across, so across the Sahara Desert How will traders cross the desert? What very valuable good will come from West Africa? Trans-Saharan Trade Routes
European Trade Routes • Northern Europe connects to the Black Sea • Western Europe used rivers and seas for trade
Water Wheels and Wind Mills • Important technology for Medieval Europe: When the Black Death killed so many people, technology that could replace human work became even more important Early windmills were used to grind grain. They may have come from Persia. Water wheels were used for mining.
Middle East Trading of Goods and Ideas • Textiles from the Middle East • Porcelain from Persia • Islam spreads into West Africa and Central and Southeast Asia
From China, Japan got . . . writing—Japanese did not have a system for writing, so they borrowed the Chinese characters Chinese architecture was brought to Japan by Korean architects Buddhism comes to Japan; coexists with Shintoism
Shintoism • Shintoism is an ethnic religion unique to Japan—it did NOT spread • In Shintoism, nature and natural forces are very important. Shintos believe that kamis (gods) reside in nature. Ancestors and the emperor are also important and are worshipped.
Axum • Draw and label the Nile River on your map. • Label the Ethiopian Highlands on your map. • Label Axum on your map. Axum
Axum • Axum was a Christian Kingdom. Today it is Ethiopia. • Axum conquered the Kush in 350 AD. • Why would a kingdom be located here? • Why would this kingdom by Christian?
Axum This stele marks a king’s tomb. It is thought to show the way to heaven. What civilization wrote the first laws on a stele? What were those law’s called? Axum Tsion—the oldest Christian church in Ethiopia.
Zimbabwe • Draw and label the Limpopo and Zambezi Rivers. • Label the Indian Coast. • Label Great Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe
Great Zimbabwe • Great Zimbabwe was a rich city between 1000 and 1400 AD because of trade in: Copper Gold
Great Zimbabwe • The Shona people lived in Great Zimbabwe. • They built huge walls of stone that were up to 32 feet tall.
West African Kingdoms • Draw and label the kingdoms of Ghana, Mali and Songhai on your map. • Draw and label the Niger River. • Label the Sahara Desert.
Trans-Saharan Trade Routes • Trade routes go from West to East. • Trade routes also go North to South.
Ghana as a Center of Trade • Gold came from the land South of Ghana. • Salt came from the Sahara Desert North of Ghana. • Neither came from Ghana itself. How did Ghana make money from gold and salt then? • TAXES!!!!!! Traders had to pay a tax when they entered Ghana and when they left Ghana. Ghana became very rich.
Why salt? • Gold was used by the people in Muslim lands and Italy who made coins from gold. • Muslims used gold to buy silk and porcelain from China. • But why salt? • Salt was very valuable: • When people live in hot places, they sweat a lot. They lose salt when they sweat. Bodies need to replace this salt. • Salt helps to preserve meat so that it doesn’t rot so fast. • Cows need salt and many people raised cows.
Timbuktu • This city was an important center of trade and learning in the Mali Empire. • One of the first universities was located here.
Religious Beliefs in West Africa • West Africans kept many of their own beliefs, like animism. • Animism is the belief that all nature objects have souls, or they are alive. This is similar to the ______________ beliefs of Japan. • Islam spread through North Africa and was also important in Ghana, Mali and Songhai. • Many people who converted to Islam kept their beliefs in animism.