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Anything written in orange is what you should take notes on. D o you believe in a god? . Nontheistic Buddhism 376 Million, 7.1% of world population . Monotheism: Belief in one god. . Do you believe in one god or multiple gods?. Christianity 2 Billion, 31% of world population Islam

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d o you believe in a god
Do you believe in a god?

Nontheistic

Buddhism

376 Million, 7.1% of world population

do you believe in one god or multiple gods
Monotheism:Belief in one god. Do you believe in one god or multiple gods?
  • Christianity
    • 2 Billion, 31% of world population
  • Islam
    • 1.6 Billion, 23% of world population
  • Judaism
    • 14 Million, 0.2 % of world population
do you believe in one god or multiple gods1
Do you believe in one god or multiple gods?

Polytheism

Polytheism: Belief in multiple gods

Hinduism

1 Billion, 15% of world population

slide5

Judaism

Basis of belief

Written in Hebrew

Torah: Old Testament (first 5 books) of the Bible

Hand written on scrolls

Talmud: The Ten Commandments

basis of belief
Basis of Belief
  • Started by Abraham (yes, the same one from Christian religion).
  • God spoke to Abraham and told him to start a new land and that he and his descendants would be blessed and prosper.
  • God= Yaweh
slide7

Rabbi

Rabbi

Temple/Synagogue

jewish holy sites places
Jewish Holy Sites/Places
  • Jerusalem, Israel
    • Western Wall aka Wailing Wall
      • Part of the wall that is left from the Temple Mount (the first Jewish synagogue)
jewish day of worship and holy days
Jewish Day of Worship and Holy Days
  • Day of worship: Shabbat (means Sabbath)
    • sundown on Friday to sundown on Saturday
  • Rosh Hashanah: Jewish New Year
  • Yom Kippur: Day of Atonement (forgiveness)
  • Passover: Celebrating the freedom/exit of the Israelites (Jewish slaves) from Egypt, lasts 8 days, Christians also celebrate this
  • Bar/Bat Mitzvah: Coming of age ceremony
    • 13 yo boys/12 yo girls
jewish sects
Jewish Sects
  • Orthodox: traditional
    • Hasidic: most traditional sect
  • Conservative: a sect that looks to “conserve” (save) traditions/belief.
    • opposite of Reform sect
  • Reform: faith is based on the idea the beliefs are a guideline which you should live your life by rather than a strict set of rules.
    • More modern
jewish sects1
Jewish Sects….

Which sect is it??

slide13

Christianity

Basis of belief

  • Monotheistic
  • We are created good but are born into sin
  • God sent Jesus, his son, to save people from their sins
  • Belief in heaven and hell- an afterlife.
  • Ten Commandments-especially the Golden Rule (treat others as you would want to be treated)

Bible

holy sites places
Holy Sites/Places

Priest

  • Vatican City
    • Important to Roman Catholics
    • Has political voice for the world
  • Jerusalem, Israel
  • Church of the Holy Sepulchre
      • Built where Jesus’s tomb is believed to have been
      • Holds a boulder/stone where Jesus was washed after being crucified

Church

slide15

Church of the Holy Sepulchre, built on the spot Christians believe Jesus came back from the dead.

slide16

Christianity

Holy Book/Teachings

  • The Bible
    • Old Testament
      • Before Jesus Christ
  • New Testament
    • Jesus Christ’s teachings

Bible

holy days traditions day of worship
Holy Days/TraditionsDay of Worship
  • Christmas
    • birth of Jesus Christ
  • Easter
    • marks the day of resurrection of Jesus Christ
  • Celebration of the Last Supper
    • mass/services/sacrament

Day of worship: Sunday

christian sects
Christian Sects
  • Catholics
  • Protestant (PROTEST against Catholic church)

Methodist, Lutheran, Baptist, LDS/Mormon,

Roman, Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox

Non Denominational

refers to those churches that have not formally aligned themselves with an established church/sect.

some catch up before we move on
Some catch up before we move on…
  • Add the following information to your World Religion notes.

Christianity: Basis of Beliefs section

    • They believe that Jesus traveled around the lands of Abraham’s descendants preaching about renewal and the mercy of God. After he was put to death, his followers believed he was the son of God.

Islam: Basis of Beliefs section

    • They believe at the age of 40 Mohammed received revelations (instructions) from God. He traveled around the Arabian Peninsula preaching about what God said to him.
slide20

Islam

  • Basis of Beliefs
  • Definition: to surrender or submission in peace to God
  • Followers: Muslims
  • Word for God: Allah
  • Prophet (messenger): Mohammed
  • Koran/Qu’ran
  • The teachings of Mohammed
  • His Communications with Allah (God)
  • Most holy book
  • May not be translated from Arabic
basis of belief 5 pillars of islam
Basis of Belief5 Pillars of Islam
  • Worship only Allah, Mohammed is a prophet of Allah
  • Prayer- must pray 5 times per day (sunrise, noon, dusk, sunset, night), must be done facing Mecca
  • Charity-rich give to poor, all will give to Allah
  • Ramadan- fast during daylight hours for one month (9th month on Islamic calendar)
  • Hajj: males should make a pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lifetime.
holy sites places1
Holy Sites/Places
  • Mecca: birthplace of Mohammed, destination of Hajj (done to celebrate Mohammed’s travel)
  • Medina: where Mohammed lived his young adult life (Saudi Arabia)
  • Dome of the Rock: believed by Muslims to be where Mohammed ascended to heaven (Jerusalem)
  • Al-Aqsa Mosque: Mosque near Dome of the Rock
  • Kaaba: first mosque, located in Mecca, holds a stone that is believed to be a piece of the altar that Abraham was going to sacrifice his son on
slide23

Dome of the Rock

Believed to be site where Muhammad ascended to heaven to “chill” with Allah

slide24

Holy Books/Teachings

  • Koran/Qu’ran (most holy book)
  • The teachings of Mohammed
  • Mohammed’s communications with Allah
  • May not be translated out of Arabic
  • The Bible
  • Old Testament

Iman

Mosque

slide25

Holy days/traditions & Day of Worship

  • Holy day: Ramadan
  • Month long fasting.
  • Purpose: teach discipline and sacrifice
  • Day of Worship: Friday

Al-Masjid al-Haram mosque

Kaaba

islamic sects
Islamic Sects
  • Shi’ites (aka Shia)
    • Believe that the only true descendent leaders of Islam are family members of Mohammed.
    • They do not recognize the first 3 caliphs (leaders) after Mohammed’s death. They believe that they are inferior because they were not relative to Mohammed.
    • They acknowledge the fourth caliph because he was related to Mohammed.
  • Sunni
    • Believe that Mohammed chose his successor- who was not a family member.