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Serbia : Agriculture Investment Opportunities. Jasna Reb Ministry of Agriculture, Trade, Forestry and Water Management. Bratislava, 24 Jun 2011. Facts about Serbian agriculture. Agricultural land: 5 . 7 mill. ha ( 0 . 69 ha per capita);

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slide1

Serbia: Agriculture

Investment Opportunities

Jasna Reb

Ministry of Agriculture, Trade, Forestry and Water Management

Bratislava, 24 Jun 2011.

slide2

Facts about Serbian agriculture

  • Agricultural land: 5.7 mill. ha (0.69 ha per capita);
  • Arable land: 4.2 mill. ha (0.46 ha per capita);
  • 87% of land is private ownership;
  • Number of households: approximate 700,000 (about 441,000 are registered);
  • Average farm size: about 3 ha (commercial farm size 10.6 ha);
  • 44% of population lives in rural areas.
slide3

Fruits and

vegetable

12 %

Livestock

43 %

Field crops

42 %

Other

crops

3 %

Structure of Serbian agriculture production

livestock
The livestock pool in Serbia, after adecline in the last decade of the twentieth century, is slowly recovering.

Withinthe livestock production, cattle production plays a key rolecompriseing 45% of the totalanimal production, with 26% being devotedto the dairy production, and 19% being devoted to the production of beef.

Structure of animalproduction in the

total livestock production in 2009:

Cows 45%

Pigs 35,90%

Fowl 13,20%

Sheep 5,40%

Beekeeping 0,50%

Livestock
grains
The production of wheat, barley, rye,

oats, corn, millet and sorghum, uses

about 60% of the arable land in Serbia.

Corn is the most common grain crop.

Regarding corn production Serbia is the

fifth largest producer in Europe, behind

France, Ukraine, Romania and Italy.

Grains
slide6
Oilseeds

The production of oilseeds is sufficient to

cover Serbia’s domestic needs while the

key export products are sunflower oil and

soybean oil.

Sugar beet

Sugar is also a significant export item

for Serbia.

slide7
Seed material

Serbian seed companies are significant seedexporters, since new, quality varieties andhybrids were created and recognized (wheat, maize and barley seed) in the recent years .

Medicinal and Aromatic

Herbs and Spices

Thanks to the favorable climate, land and

unpolluted environment Serbia is very

suitable for the cultivation of medicinal plants.

The most widespread herb species are:

domestic mint, chamomile, parsley, fennel,

dill, marshmallow and lemon balm.

grape wine and brandy production
Grape, wine and brandy production

Serbia is a country with great

potential, and a long tradition of

grape and wine production.

Thanks to the quality local plums,

slivovitz has become a recognizable

Serbian brand. Other types of brandy

are b. made of grapes, pears, apricots,

quince and herbs.

slide11

Agriculture in national economy

Share of agriculture in GDP

  • Share of agriculture in GDP decreased from 14,30% to 10,62% during transition period; 10,3% in 2010 (estimation).

Growth rate

  • Extremely fluctuation of growth rate (range about 23 pp);
  • To agriculture growth rate of 2,2% in 2009 contributed the most: corn, wheat, rape seed and fruit;
  • There are no significant differences, comparing with countries in the region.

Share in foreign trade 12,4%

  • in export 23%, in import 6,2%.

Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia

slide12

Agricultural Trade Balance

  • Serbian agriculture in last nine years (2002-2010) increased total trade of agricultural products 3 times, whereby export was increased 4,6 times, import 1,7 times and (positive) trade balance 8 times (compare with 2005);
  • Surplus was increased from 150 million USD in 2005 to over 1 billion USD in 2010;
  • Export-import ratio was increased from 0,80 in 2002 to 2,17 in 2010.

Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia

slide13

Trade structure according to destinations of trade in 2010

  • Serbia’s main trade partner was EU in 2010;
  • Trade between Serbia and EU is regulated by Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA).

Source: Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia

top 10 agricultural products
EXPORT

Corn, Yellow

White sugar

Roland Raspberry

Wheat

Sunflower oil, edible and raw

Beer made from malt

Fresh Apples

Soft drinks

Griz Raspbery

Soybeanoil

IMPORT

Coffee

Freshbananas

Cigarettes containing tobacco

Prepared foods

Sweet oranges

Soya beans

Sunflower seeds

Palm oil

Tomatoes, chilled

Cigarettes containingtobbaco,

others (HRO2C)-CEFTA

Top 10 agricultural products
slide15

Agribusiness sector – field of possibilities

Serbia as a center of south-east region, is attractive for investments of companies from other countries for many reasons:

  • General advantages:
  • Good geographical location (middle of Balkan, heart of South-east Europe, Pan-European Corridors);
  • Favourable climate and soil conditions.
  • Economic advantages:
  • Relatively low costs of land (rent/sale);
  • Relatively low cost of labour (qualified);
  • Significant agro-processing capacities;
  • Favourable fiscal policy (incentives for foreign investors).
slide16

Agribusiness sector – field of possibilities

  • Trade advantages:
  • The local market is one of the largest in the region with around 7,5 million inhabitants;
  • Leading position of agricultural machinery from EU producers and know-how technologies;
  • Serbia has significantly improved the competitiveness of its agriculture after signing of CEFTA, SAA, EFTA and FTAs;
  • Favourable trade conditions - preferential access to main markets
  • Investment threats: agriculture (still) in transition, small scale farming, low yields, large number of farmers without proper associations, general lack of financial resources in agribusiness.
slide17

Preferential access to main markets

CEFTA

Central European Free Trade Agreement

European Union

Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA)

REPUBLIC OF

SERBIA

EFTA

European Free Trade Agreement

Russia, Belorussia, Turkey,

Kazakhstan

Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

USA

General System of Preferences (GSP)

slide18

European Union

I and II components of IPA

Financing the Agribusiness Sector

...

agricultural trade balance serbia slovakia 2004 2010 000 usd
Agricultural Trade Balance Serbia-Slovakia2004-2010 (000 USD)
  • Volume oftrade in agricultural productsbetween Serbiaand Slovakiaamounted to 13millionUSDin 2010, with theSerbian export about7 million USD, and import about 6millionUSD.The surpluson the Serbian sidewas about1,3 millionUSD.
  • The largesttotal volume oftraderecordedin 2008(24 million USD).
  • The largest exportwasin 2007,worth13.3million USDwith a surplusof 5.4million USDon

the Serbian side.

agricultural trade serbia slovakia
E X P O R T E R S:

Oil factory Banat, Nova Crnja

SUNOKO, Novi Sad,

Victoriaoil, Šid,

SOJAPROITEIN, BECEJ,

S D Martonoš, Kanjiža,

Aretol, Novi Sad,

AIK Backa Topola, Bačka Topola,

Maber Commerce, Pančevo,

Bojin, Majur,

Koneks, Novi Sad,

Zdravo Organic, Selenca,

TELEK PAPRIKA Martonoš,Kanjiza,

INSTITUT ZA RATARSTSVO I POVRTARSTVO, N.SAD

FARMINA PET FOODS ,

PIONIR, BEOGRAD.

I M P O R T E R S :

KRAFT FOODS, BEOGRAD,

SILBO, BEOGRAD,

Frikom, Beograd,

AD ŠTARK, Beograd,

Somboled, Sombor,

Vojvodina Reklam, Novi Sad,

Swisslion Group, Novi Sad,

NESTLE Adriatic Foods, Beograd,

Pionir, Beograd,

Nectar, Backa Palanka,

Centroproizvod Beograd, Surčin,

Min-Commerce, Beograd,

FORNETTI, Subotica,

FINKOCHEM, BEOGRAD,

HOYA V.S. SUBOTICA.

Agricultural Trade Serbia-Slovakia
agricultural trade serbia slovakia21
Most exported products:

-white sugar

-soybean oil, row

-flour and soy grits,

-ground pepper, crushed, dried,

-technical lard,

-fresh plums, watermelons and prunes,

-sunflower oil,

-beans, peas, sweet corn,

-soft drinks,

-food for dogs and cats,

-soybean and corn seeds,

-chocolate,

-slivovitz, cherry and pear brandy,

-food for animals…

Most imported products:

-calfskin, row,

-milk powder,

-food stuff,

-chocolate,

-fruits,

-confectionery,

-poults weighing up to 185 g,

-tomato,

-glucose syrup..

Agricultural Trade Serbia-Slovakia
agriculural and food processing sector potentially interesting sector for slovak partners
AGRICULURAL AND FOOD PROCESSING SECTOR POTENTIALLY INTERESTING SECTOR FOR SLOVAK PARTNERS
  • fruit and vegetable processing
  • sugar, sweets and honey,
  • oil seeds,
  • seed material,
  • medical and aromatic herbs and spices,
  • meat production and processing,
  • organic production,
  • grape, wine and brandy production,
  • production of mineral water and non-alcoholic drinks,
  • agritourism
slide23
Slovakia, as a member of the OECD, has an obligation to help other

countries through various projects.

Ministry of Agriculture, Trade, Forestry and Water Management of the

Republic of Serbia was the beneficiary of the fund, established by the

Slovak Government, Slovak Aid:

EU Information Centre 

Cooperation in the field of organic farming in accordance

with EU

We are very grateful for the support we received through these projects

and we hope that in future we will achieve project concerning trade

(consumer protection, product safety or market surveillance).

thank you for your attention

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE, TRADE

FORESTRY AND WATER MANAGEMENT

OF THE REPUBLIC OF SERBIA

www.mpt.gov.rs