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Warm Up. Describe 4 factors that helped bring about the Industrial Revolution in Britain How did the Industrial Revolution transform the textile industry? How did transportation improve in the early 1800’s? 3 examples!. Remember!. Britain leads the way! Natural Resources Human Resources

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warm up

Warm Up

Describe 4 factors that helped bring about the Industrial Revolution in Britain

How did the Industrial Revolution transform the textile industry?

How did transportation improve in the early 1800’s? 3 examples!

remember
Remember!
  • Britain leads the way!
    • Natural Resources
    • Human Resources
    • Technical lead
    • Capital
    • Demand
    • Stable government
new industrial city
New Industrial City
  • Industrialization brought rapid urbanization
    • Population increases, changes in farming, demand for workers
    • Movement of people to cities
  • Manchester England
    • 17,000 (1750s) – 40,000 (1780) – 70,000 (1801)
    • Tenements (no running water, community pumps)
    • No sewage or sanitation system
    • Waste and garbage rotted in the streets
    • Disease spread rapidly
factory system
Factory System
  • Working hours were long (12-16 hours)
  • Exhausted workers were suffered accidents
  • Machines had no safety devices
  • Air was polluted
  • If workers were sick/injured – lost their job
  • Authors like Charles Dickens described hard times in cities
women
Women
  • Employers preferred women workers
  • Felt they could adapt more easily to machines and easier to manage than men
  • They were able to pay women less
  • New jobs took women away from homes
child labor
Child Labor
  • Factories and mines hired children
  • Could fit in small spaces, were quick
  • Hired orphans
the working c lass
The Working Class
  • Protests
    • Weavers and other skilled workers
    • Resisted new labor saving machines
    • Some smashed machines and burned factories
    • Known as “Luddites” after a mythical figure who supposedly destroyed machines in the 1780s
  • Methodist preachers took message of hope and a better life to come into the slums
  • Helped channel anger from revolution to reform
the new middle class
The New Middle Class
  • Some were merchants who invested in factories
  • Others were inventors or skilled artisans
  • Nice homes, dressed well
  • Gained influence in Parliament
  • “Ladies” did not work outside the home
  • Valued hard work to get ahead
  • Had no sympathy for the poor
benefits and problems
Benefits and Problems
  • Blessing or curse?
  • Terrible hardships, reform
  • Labor unions
    • Better wages and working conditions
    • Government saw unions as dangerous organizations
closure
Closure
  • Primary Source
    • Page 207
    • What does the excerpt suggest about the role and status of middle-class women during the Industrial Revolution?
  • Compare life of a farmworker with that of an early factory worker