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Chapter 9 + more. NEWS. Characteristics. News program Most stories presented are current Cover Local, regional, national & international topics That are newsworthy Include Readers VO’s VOSOT’s Packages. News is immediately responsive to events News programs

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Characteristics
Characteristics

  • News program

    • Most stories presented are current

    • Cover

      • Local, regional, national & international topics

      • That are newsworthy

  • Include

    • Readers

    • VO’s

    • VOSOT’s

    • Packages


  • News is

    • immediately responsive to events

  • News programs

    • Use more high tech equipment for presentation

    • Usually run at a fast pace

      • Stories tend to be shorter than print/magazine news


  • Preproduction

    • Director

      • Prepares the director script

        • Camera changes

        • Identifies VO’s / Packages, SOT’s, PSA’s

        • Name fonts

        • Marks countdowns to events

      • Anticipates possible changes

        • Prepares for crisis

        • Ready to adjust on the fly

        • Able to remain calm when things go wrong


  • Preproduction

    • Producer

      • Selects the stories that will be presented during news

      • Identifies type for each story

        • VO, VOSOT, Package, Reader

      • Prepares the rundown

        • Lists which anchor is reading what story

      • Review rundown items & timing are correct

      • Makes sure that all footage for show is ready

        • Uploaded into the switcher


  • Scripts

    • Final scripts should be distributed to staff/crew

      • One to the anchors (2 or 3)

      • One for the director

      • One for AD or Production assistant

      • One for the producer

      • One for the record

      • One extra


  • During on air production

    • Producer

      • Reviews the rundown and the live broadcast

      • Checks the timing of each item to keep show on track

      • Makes adjustments during breaks if needed

        • (Commercials/PSA’s)

      • Makes sure that control room staff are updated of changes


  • During on air production

    • Director

      • Stays with the script to ensure show flows smoothly

      • Be prepared for changes that may occur

      • Communicate with production team crew

        • Name fonts, ready AND take commands

        • Countdowns to events

      • Be aware of what’s on and what's coming up

        • Try to avoid tunnel vision


  • During on air production

    • Technical director

      • Listens for direction from director

      • Pays attention to what’s live & what’s in preview

      • Executes name fonts when requested by director

      • Plays clips when directed

        • PSA’s, Commercials, etc

      • Stay prepared to make adjustments if miscues occur


  • During on air production

    • Floor director

      • Listens to directors commands

      • Communicates with talent on floor

      • Indicates upcoming and live cameras

      • Counts down to events with director

        • Important to avoid talent conflict with SOT’s

      • Provides stretch and wrap commands


  • During on air production

    • Audio engineer

      • Makes sure that proper audio source is live

        • Talent

          • Reader, VO, VOSOT, SOT

        • PSA/Commercial source

      • Keep audio levels accurate

        • Not too loud to avoid clipping

        • Not too soft to ensure clarity


  • During on air production

    • Talent

      • Read stories on teleprompter

      • Anticipate changes

        • Try to remain smooth

        • Try to avoid overreacting or getting upset

      • Watch floor director cues

        • For countdowns and camera changes

      • Speak clearly when reading stories

      • Keep script handy in case prompter fails


  • During on air production

    • Teleprompter

      • Keep pace with talent reading stories

      • Listen to talent and adjust speed if necessary

        • Talent may speed up or slow down based on show timing

      • Make sure what is being said is visible on screen


  • During on air production

    • Camera Operators

      • Make sure that shots are composed based on direction

        • Zoom in and focus quickly them frame shot

      • Listen to director to make adjustments

        • Over the shoulder shots, Two shots, etc

      • Be aware of when your camera is live

        • Make subtle adjustments if necessary

      • Stay with camera until show is over

        • Don’t lock camera when show is going

          • May get a sudden shot change


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