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The Power of Well-being: Transforming public health policy 17 th November 2008 Living Well West Midlands Nic Marks Founder of centre for well-being nef (the new economics foundation) . What is well-being?. What do we mean by Well-being? The Foresight Project

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The Power of Well-being: Transforming public health policy 17 th November 2008 Living Well West Midlands Nic Marks


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slide1

The Power of Well-being:

Transforming public health policy

17th November 2008

Living Well West Midlands

Nic Marks

Founder of centre for well-being

nef (the new economics foundation)

what is well being

What is well-being?

What do we mean by Well-being?

The Foresight Project

A Dynamic Model of Well-being and Mental Capital

Five Ways to Well-being

what do we mean by well being

What do we mean by “well-being”?

Well-being = The quality of people’s experience of their lives

WHO definition of health as:

“A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity”: 1946

what do we mean by well being4

What do we mean by “well-being”?

Well-being = The quality of people’s experience of their lives

WHO definition of health as:

“A state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely an absence of disease or infirmity”: 1946

dynamic

what do we mean by well being5

What do we mean by “well-being”?

Well-being = The quality of people’s experience of their lives

“Feeling good AND doing well”

A 1960s definition of self-esteem…

the foresight project

The Foresight Project

Sponsored by DIUS – Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills

Two year project, reporting today

Involved over 400 experts – neuroscience to economics

mental capital

Mental Capital

This encompasses a person’s cognitive and emotional resources. It includes their cognitive ability, how flexible and efficient they are at learning, and their “emotional intelligence”, such as their social skills and resilience in the face of stress. It therefore conditions how well an individual is able to contribute effectively to society, and also to experience a high personal quality of life.

The idea of “capital” naturally sparks association with ideas of financial capital and it is both challenging and natural to think of the mind in this way.

mental well being

Mental Well-Being

This is a dynamic state, in which the individual is able to develop their potential, work productively and creatively, build strong and positive relationships with others, and

contribute to their community.

It is enhanced when an individual is able to fulfil their personal and social goals and achieve a sense of purpose in society.

the foresight project9

The Foresight Project

Main Findings:

Early Intervention is crucial

Small increases in well-being can produce a decrease in mental health problems

Substantial scope for improving how to tackle the huge problem of mental ill-health – which costs £77 billion a year

what is well being10

What is well-being?

What do we mean by Well-being?

The Foresight Project

A Dynamic Model of Well-being and Mental Capital

Measuring Local Well-being

Five Ways to Well-being

slide11

A dynamic model of well-being

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

slide12

A dynamic model of well-being

Mental Capital

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

slide13

A dynamic model of well-being

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

slide14

A dynamic model of well-being

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

slide15

A dynamic model of well-being

Functioning well

and satisfaction

of needs

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

slide16

A dynamic model of well-being

e.g. to be autonomous, competent, and connected to others

Functioning well

and satisfaction

of needs

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

slide17

A dynamic model of well-being

Experience

of life

e.g. to be autonomous, competent, and connected to others

Functioning well

and satisfaction

of needs

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

slide18

A dynamic model of well-being

Experience

of life

Well-Being

e.g. to be autonomous, competent, and connected to others

Functioning well

and satisfaction

of needs

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

slide19

A dynamic model of well-being

Experience

of life

e.g. happiness, satisfaction, interest, boredom and distress

e.g. to be autonomous, competent, and connected to others

Functioning well

and satisfaction

of needs

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

slide20

A dynamic model of well-being

Experience

of life

e.g. happiness, satisfaction, interest, boredom and distress

e.g. to be autonomous, competent, and connected to others

Functioning well

and satisfaction

of needs

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

slide21

Happiness?

Experience

of life

e.g. happiness, satisfaction, interest, boredom and distress

e.g. to be autonomous, competent, and connected to others

Functioning well

and satisfaction

of needs

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

what is well being22

What is well-being?

What do we mean by Well-being?

The Foresight Project

A Dynamic Model of Well-being and Mental Capital

Five Ways to Well-being

five ways to well being

Five ways to well-being

Commissioned by the Foresight Project – the brief was as below:

Building on the findings of the draft outputs of the Mental Capacity and Wellbeing Project, Foresight would like to develop an evidence-based wellbeing equivalent of the health promotion dictum “five fruit and vegetables a day”.

slide24

A dynamic model of well-being

Experience

of life

e.g. happiness, satisfaction, interest, boredom and distress

e.g. to be autonomous, competent, and connected to others

Functioning well

and satisfaction

of needs

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

slide25

A dynamic model of well-being

Experience

of life

e.g. happiness, satisfaction, interest, boredom and distress

e.g. to be autonomous, competent, and connected to others

Functioning well

and satisfaction

of needs

Enabling

conditions

Psychological

resources

e.g. opportunities and obstacles, inequalities, social norms, culture

e.g. resilience, optimism, self-esteem

five ways to well being27

Five ways to well-being

Connect…

With the people around you. With family, friends, colleagues and neighbours. At home, work, school or in your local community. Think of these as the cornerstones of your life and invest time in developing them. Building these connections will support and enrich you every day.

five ways to well being28

Five ways to well-being

Be active…

Go for a walk or run. Step outside. Cycle. Play a game. Garden. Dance. Exercising makes you feel good. Most importantly, discover a physical activity you enjoy and that suits your level of mobility and fitness.

five ways to well being29

Five ways to well-being

Take notice…

Be curious. Catch sight of the beautiful. Remark on the unusual. Notice the changing seasons. Savour the moment, whether you are walking to work, eating lunch or talking to friends. Be aware of the world around you and what you are feeling. Reflecting on your experiences will help you appreciate what matters to you.

five ways to well being30

Five ways to well-being

Keep learning…

Try something new. Rediscover an old interest. Sign up for that course. Take on a different responsibility at work. Fix a bike. Learn to play an instrument or how to cook your favourite food. Set a challenge you will enjoy achieving. Learning new things will make you more confident as well as being fun.

five ways to well being31

Five ways to well-being

Give…

Do something nice for a friend, or a stranger. Thank someone. Smile. Volunteer your time. Join a community group. Look out, as well as in. Seeing yourself, and your happiness, linked to the wider community can be incredibly rewarding and creates connections with the people around you.

what is well being32

What is well-being?

What do we mean by Well-being?

The Foresight Project

A Dynamic Model of Well-being and Mental Capital

Five Ways to Well-being

three recent reports

Three recent reports

Measuring Wellbeing in Policy; Sam Thompson, Nic Marks; Foresight & nef; Oct 08

Local Wellbeing – can we measure it? ; Nicola Steuer, Nic Marks; Young Foundation & nef; Sept 08

Five Ways to Wellbeing: the evidence; Jody Aked, Nic Marks; Foresight & nef; Oct 08

three recent reports34

Three recent reports

Measuring Wellbeing in Policy; Sam Thompson, Nic Marks; Foresight & nef; Oct 08

Local Wellbeing – can we measure it? ; Nicola Steuer, Nic Marks; Young Foundation & nef; Sept 08

Five Ways to Wellbeing: the evidence; Jody Aked, Nic Marks; Foresight & nef; Oct 08

Forthcoming:

National Accounts of Well-being; January 2009

Happy Planet Index; July 2009

slide35

nef’s centre for well-being

well-being@neweconomics.org

Reports downloadable from

www.neweconomics.org

Nic Marks:

nic.marks@neweconomics.org