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Preparing for the World of Open Access. Scientific and Technical Information Program Annual Meeting May 4, 2011. Walt Warnick, Ph.D. Director, Office of Scientific and Technical Information. Information Is Critical to Scientific Progress. Organizations Universities, schools

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Preparing for the world of open access

Preparing for the World of Open Access

Scientific and Technical Information ProgramAnnual MeetingMay 4, 2011

Walt Warnick, Ph.D.

Director, Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Preparing for the world of open access

Information Is Critical to Scientific Progress


Universities, schools

Government labs, agencies

Research and Medical Centers

Libraries, Museums

Virtual Organizations


Scientific Instruments

Large Facilities, MREFCs,,telescopes

Colliders, shake Tables

Sensor Arrays

- Ocean, environment, weather,

buildings, climate. etc


Research and Scholarship


Learning and Workforce Development

Interoperability and operations


Scientific Progress


Databases, Data repositories

Collections and Libraries

Data Access; storage, navigation

management, mining tools,

curation, privacy

Computational Resources


Clouds, Grids, Clusters


Compute services

Data Centers


Campus, national, international networks

Research and experimental networks

End-to-end throughput



Applications, middleware

Software development and support

Cybersecurity: access,

authorization, authentication

Preparing for the world of open access

Good Research Needs Good Data!

Science Needs Information Access to Full Coverage of Literature AND Access Beyond Traditional Forms of STI

Life at the scientific frontier is changing.

The ways in which research is conducted, conveyed, and shared are far different today than just a few years ago.

Yet these changes only hint at the technology-driven transformation that is on the horizon.

- Just as we in STIP transformed access from “bib data” in databases to searchable FT documents, now we need to ensure that access goes beyond the boundaries of full text.

Among federal R&D circles, access to new forms of STI and open access are being explored.

Image credit: Found Drama on Flickr

Preparing for the world of open access

The Changing Landscape

“The rules have changed. In a single generation, revolutions in technology have transformed the way we live, work and do business… . In America, innovation doesn’t just change our lives. It is how we make our living.”

“This is our generation’s Sputnik moment.” —PresidentObama, State of the Union, 2011

Preparing for the world of open access

How Have We Been Preparing?

By multitasking!

We are moving down 3 “paths” in parallel…

Technology Developments

Digital Object Identifiers for datasets

Peer-to-peer network communications

Science video search

E-link process enhancements

Digitizing legacy collection

Interlinking content

Mobile apps


America COM-PETES Act


DOE O 241.1B revision

Guidance for DOE Contracts & Grants


DataCite participation

ScienceCinema MS Research partnership

CENDI & Alliance

ICSTI & WWS Alliance




Preparing for the world of open access

Open Access: Summary of Recent Activities

  • Separate Legislative and Executive Initiatives

  • Federal Research Public Access Act(FRPAA)

  • Required implementation of public access policy

  • Required preservation and electronic format

  • OSTP Initiative

  • Launched “Public Access Policy Forum”

  • Issued Request for Information

  • Established interactive forum


  • Culminates in Legislation Passed This Year

  • America COMPETES Reauthorization Act

  • Requires OSTP Action

  • Establishes interagency working groups

Preparing for the world of open access

America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010

Research results


Long-term stewardship


(a) ESTABLISHMENT.—The Director shall establish a working group under the National Science and Technology Council with the responsibility to coordinate Federal science agency research and policies related to the dissemination and long-term stewardship of the results of unclassified research, including digital data and peer-reviewed scholarly publications, supported wholly, or in part, by funding from the Federal science agencies.

Digital data

Scholarly publications

Preparing for the world of open access



  • Two working groups have very recently been formed by OSTP:

  • Digital Data – Members of the Interagency Working Group on Digital Data (IWGDD) will continue andserve in WG that reports to NSTC

  • Scholarly Pubs – OSTI Director is DOE rep and one of the co-chairs for the “Public Access to Scientific Publications” (PASP) task force

Preparing for the world of open access

Within DOE

  • Stakeholder input to help form DOE policy

  • Office of Science has enlisted its Advisory Committees (FACAs) to report on dissemination practices for digital data and scholarly publications (six FACAs, one for each program)

    • Several labs have reps on the FACAs

  • The reports will be reviewed within DOE to help form the DOE recommendation. OSTI will be involved in review and assessment of reports.

Preparing for the world of open access

Will agencies follow NIH? IPAC will answer that question.

Open Access Environment: What’s happening across agencies?

NIH Policy

Requires all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine’s PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication

75% compliance

NSF Data Sharing Policy

Investigators are expected to share the primary data, samples, physical collections and other supporting materials created or gathered in the course of work under NSF grants. Grantees are expected to encourage and facilitate such sharing. NSF Data Management Plan Requirements implemented for proposals submitted or due on or after January 18, 2011.

Preparing for the world of open access

Our Challenge

Desired outcome!

For each agency to do for science what NLM has done for life/biosciences

…but method can be different

(not “1-size fits all”)

Preparing for the world of open access

DOE O 241.1B: Recognized the Changing Environment and New Forms of STI

  • Reflected our observation of the changing environment headed our way. OSTI and STIP needed to prepare. 

  • Scientific communication has been transformed by modern technologies.

  • Technology in part motivated the update, rather than the Order revisions driving changes to STIP. 

  • The Order does not require a lab to create STI nor does it require the STI that labs publish to be in any particular format. 

  • In those cases where labs are creating and publishing STI in new or traditional forms, the Order sets out the means for ensuring such STI is made known to OSTI so that it becomes globally searchable and made readily available for use in future scientific endeavors, and is attributable to DOE programs who fund the work.

Forging new frontiers
Forging New Frontiers Forms of STI

ORCID - Open Researcher & Contributor ID

  • OSTI has joined key publishers and other research


  • Opportunities to benefit from collaboration are anticipated

    DataCite, international consortium on digital research datasets

  • OSTI recently accepted into membership; now one of 3 US members

  • Registration of DOE datasets is eagerly anticipated


  • CrossRef is adding a “funding agency” field, of obvious benefit in acknowledging the agencies and the results of R&D

Preparing for the world of open access

Accessible Scientific Research Data Forms of STI

Many disciplines overlap and use data from other sciences

Of STIP scope:

Publicly available research datasets

Not raw data

Not restricted data

Internet can unify all literature and data

Go from lit to computation to data and back to lit

Info at your fingertips for everyone-everywhere

Premise: Science advances only if knowledge is shared Corollary: Accelerating the sharing of scientific knowledge accelerates the advancement of science

Preparing for the world of open access

DataCite Membership Forms of STI

International consortium to establish easier access to scientific research data

  • The goal: To improve access to scientific research datasets produced by DOE-funded researchers by providing the DOI registration service.

  • Provide the information infrastructure to identify, access, and preserve DOE-sponsored R&D results, with persistent identifiers being applied.

  • Develop means to link a broader range of R&D results, beyond text documents, using DOIs for DOE-sponsored scientific research datasets.

DataCite has registered over 1,000,000 DOI names.

California Digital Library and Purdue University are the other two U.S. members. CDL is here today to share their experiences and insights.

Preparing for the world of open access

Emerging Forms of Scientific Information Require New Tools Forms of STI


  • We produce open access products that make DOE R&D results available.

  • Tools were developed to uniquely address each type of STI and the manner in which it was published.

  • New tools address new forms of STI.

Launched: Feb. 8, 2011

Content: 1,000 hours of DOE videos provided by STIP members and other sources

Upcoming – adding CERN!

Launched in June 2008

Will be updated by research datasets, with DOIs obtained via DataCite

Preparing for the world of open access

CERN Multimedia Soon Playing at ScienceCinema! Forms of STI


  • DOE and CERN have longstanding research collaborations.

  • After ScienceCinema was launched at the ICSTI workshop, CERN proposed a partnership with OSTI to apply the speech indexing technology to its multimedia files. 

  • Because this would demonstrate the DOE-CERN partnership even further, this is in progress now.

  • The first major installment of CERN multimedia content is being added to ScienceCinema and will be available soon. Additional content to be added on an ongoing basis. 

  • CERN's complete collection of scientific multimedia includes over 5,000 video and audio files. 

  • A "search DOE only" button will maintain the identity and integrity of the DOE videos.


Preparing for the world of open access

What Is OSTI Missing? Forms of STI

Opportunities On the Horizon

We are taking advantage of innovative web technologies to:

  • Make video full-text searchable

  • Enable mobile applications

  • Create DOIs for numeric data sets

But a gap exists in STI – journal articles covering DOE-funded projects

We want to collaborate with publishers to make the total R&D record linkable and findable, wherever the information resides

Osti journals building relationships
OSTI & Journals: Forms of STI Building Relationships

Articles Cited by DOE Labs

  • OSTI receives some citation information from DOE labs for DOE-sponsored research published in peer-reviewed journals

    Potential to Collaborate with Publishers

  • Number of citations for a specific publisher to be analyzed

  • For example: For Wiley journals, since 2002, approx. 1000 citations reported to OSTI for research published in 165 Wiley journals.

  • DOIs were obtained from CrossRef for only 50% of the Wiley citations  - an area for improvement.

  • Wiley-OSTI pilot project recently initiated.

  • Addition of “Funding Agency” as a metadata field is a start.

Preparing for the world of open access

CENDI Working to Meet Administration’s Grand Challenge Forms of STI

i-Science: An Interagency Challenge

  • From Science to Innovations to Jobs

  • Make more scientific and technical content searchable (to include charts, graphs, tables, etc., in machine-readable formats)

  • Move beyond text – numeric data, images, audio, video, etc.

  • Enhance precision search capabilities

  • Leverage collaboration tools (social media, peer-to-peer networks)

  • Integrate semantic technologies

  • The i’s in i-Science (in addition to Internet)

  • Information

  • Ideas

  • Innovations

  • Individuals