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Pathways out of Poverty. Can R&D help small-scale producers benefit from coordinated supply chains?. Joachim Voss, Director General, CIAT ESSD Week World Bank 31 March 2005. Trends in Food Markets. Consumer demand Higher quality More variety Year-round supply

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Pathways out of Poverty

Can R&D

help small-scale

producers benefit

from coordinated

supply chains?

Joachim Voss, Director General, CIAT

ESSD Week World Bank

31 March 2005

trends in food markets
Trends in Food Markets
  • Consumer demand
    • Higher quality
    • More variety
    • Year-round supply
    • Downward pressure on price
  • Food safety concerns
  • Modern retail systems
    • Food industries
    • Food services
    • Supermarkets
global sourcing and retailing
Global Sourcing and Retailing
  • Technological advances
    • Food processing
    • Post-harvest technologies
  • Trade liberalization
  • Economies of scale
  • Concentration of
    • Retailers
    • Food services
    • Food processors
coordinated supply chains
Coordinated Supply Chains
  • Joint agreements
    • Production volume
    • Time of delivery
    • Quality and safety conditions
    • Price
  • Durable arrangements
    • Producers
    • Traders
    • Processors
    • Buyers
can small scale producers participate in coordinated supply chains
Can small-scale producers participate in coordinated supply chains?


  • Lack of access to capital
  • Lack of knowledge
    • Market & production opportunities
    • Sources of financial and technical support
    • Appropriate technologies
  • Lack of organization


  • Access to labor
  • Self-employment (motivation)
  • Products that need “tender, loving care”

Access to Information



Improve Capacity to Innovate

Appropriate Technologies

Institutional Innovation

Enabling Policies

appropriate technologies
Appropriate Technologies
  • Co-innovation
  • Demand-driven research
  • Seizing market opportunities
access to information
Access to Information
  • Access to market prices and opportunities
  • Scaling out
    • ICTs
    • Social network analysis
  • Bargaining power
institutional innovation for the poor capacity to organize
Institutional Innovation for the PoorCapacity to Organize
  • Participatory approaches to market chain analysis
  • Understanding diverse organizational options
  • Chain governance
    • Who has decision-making power?
    • How does information flow?
    • Transparency of the process
enabling policies
Enabling Policies
  • Access to capital
  • Articulation of policies that support small farmers at different levels
  • Mechanisms for addressing equity



Identify Key Stakeholders

Selection of topic with partners

Design of R&D

hypothesis + questions

Identification of existing knowledge and good practices

Design of methods & tools

Capacity building

Field application

Documentation, systematization and learning based on R&D questions

to conclude
To conclude:

If left to market forces, the big producers will tend to win.

If provided support to be well organized—with access to appropriate information, capital and technology—small producers can compete