Workshop on Safer Conventional Housing in Developing Countries Oct. 12, 2005 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Workshop on Safer Conventional Housing in Developing Countries Oct. 12, 2005 PowerPoint Presentation
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Workshop on Safer Conventional Housing in Developing Countries Oct. 12, 2005

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Workshop on Safer Conventional Housing in Developing Countries Oct. 12, 2005

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  1. Lessons Learnt from Experiences of World Bank concerningSafer Conventional Housing in Developing Countries Workshop on Safer Conventional Housing in Developing Countries Oct. 12, 2005 Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan Tatsuo Narafu Senior Coordinator for International Cooperation Building Research Institute Japan (BRI)

  2. Brief Introduction on World Bank • Established in 1945 • Purpose of Establishment to stabilize world economy and reconstruction from damages by 2nd World War

  3. Brief Introduction on World Bank • World Bank Group - IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development - IDA International Development Association - IFC International Finance Corporation - MIGA Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency - ICSID International Center for Settlement of Investment Dispute

  4. Role of World Bank in Official Development Aid • One of major donor organizations for developing countries • Technical assistance as well as financial assistance • Opinion leader of donor community

  5. What we expect to obtain from experiences of World Bank • The proposal on R&D for safer conventional housing targets at mitigation of disasters in practice • ODA projects are expected to be major beneficiaries/user of fruits of R&D • Inputs/requirement from users are always meaningful • Relevant projects financed by World Bank also give us informative inputs


  6. Two opposite principles of approach of World Bank(historical point of view) • Economic development - infrastructure for economic growth - trickle down - structure adjustment • Social Development - basic human needs (BHN ) - poverty reduction

  7. Two opposite principles of approach • World Bank is now on “Social Development“ side • “Trickle down” never happens except few exceptions • PRSP (Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper) World Bank’s major policy

  8. Two opposite principles of approach • The terror on Sep. 11 strengthen the principle of “Social Development” • Poverty Reduction is the most basic and effective strategies to fight terrorists • Poverty Reduction is also the most basic and effective strategies to mitigate disasters as it enable people/community to invest more in safety

  9. Key words of WB learnt from their experiences • Decentralization • Privatization • Deregulation • Governance • Ownership • Capacity Building

  10. Relevant WB reports/projects which cover the issue of safer housing against earthquake • Doing more for Those Made Homeless by Natural Disasters by Roy Gilbert in 2001 • Learning Lessons form Disaster Recovery: The case of Mozambique by Peter Wiles in 2005 • Learning Lessons form Disaster Recovery: The case of Bangladesh by Tony Beck in 2005 • Learning Lessons form Disaster Recovery: The case of Honduras by John Telford in 2004 • Surviving Disasters and Supporting Recovery: A Guidebook for Microfinance Institutions • Seismic Performance Improvement of Masonry Houses by METU, Turkey (financed by WB Development Marketplace)

  11. We are going to learn from every possible sources of inputs Thank you