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An Introduction to London City Airport. Presentation. February 2004. By Stuart Innes, Secretary, LCYCC. Brief Airport History. Airport is rooted in regeneration of London Docklands 1981 - Proposal for STOLport put to LDDC 1982 - Demonstration Dash 7 landing at Heron Wharf

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An Introduction to London City Airport


February 2004

By Stuart Innes, Secretary, LCYCC


Brief Airport History

  • Airport is rooted in regeneration of London Docklands
  • 1981 - Proposal for STOLport put to LDDC
  • 1982 - Demonstration Dash 7 landing at Heron Wharf
  • 1983 - 63 Day Public Inquiry
  • 1985 - Outline planning consent granted
  • 1986 - Construction begins
  • 1987 - Commercial flights begin (October)
  • 1988 - Demonstration flight by BAe 146

Brief Airport History…

Royal Docks 1949

Looking East 1981 - now Runway 10

Demo Landing – Heron Wharf 1982

1989 – Airport applies for planning permission to lengthen runway

1990 – Second Public Inquiry

1991 – Expansion plans approved

1992 – Airport re- launched, jet services begin

1995 – Airport acquired by Dermot Desmond (still the current owner)

1993 - Limehouse Link and the other Docklands Highways open for traffic

1998 - Increase in the maximum number of passenger flights approved

Brief Airport History…


Brief Airport History…

First Landing – May 1987

Roofing a dry dock for the apron

Aerial view - during construction

1999 - Jubilee Line Extension to Canning Town opens to passengers

2001 - Planning approval given for package of operational improvements

2002 - New Jet Centre opens for corporate aviation

2003 - Work starts on extending the Docklands Light Railway to the Airport (completion end 2005)

2003 - Runway Holding point completed

2004 - Approval given for DLR onward extension to Woolwich Arsenal

Brief Airport History…


Brief Airport History…

Royal Opening – November 1987

Airport re-launch 1992

Aerial view 1987


The Airport Today

  • Passenger total 2004: 1.685 million
  • Movements 2003 : 60,500
  • Destinations International : 17
  • Destinations Domestic : 6
  • The Airport serves primarily business passengers. Passengers tend to be young and high earners
  • The Cities of London and Westminster and Canary Wharf dominate the Airport's catchment area.  More than 1 in 4 passengers come from Docklandsalone

Routes as at February 2005


The Airport Today….

Aerial view 2003


Airport Access


Shuttle Buses to Canning Town, Canary Wharf and Liverpool Street


Airport Access….

Good Road Access


Airport Access….

DLR Extension to London City Airport


Airport Access….

DLR onward Extension to Woolwich Arsenal

  • Other Projects:
  • Thames Gateway Bridge
  • Crossrail: Abbey Wood Branch
  • DLR Stratford International Extension
  • DLR Barking Reach Extension
  • East London Transit
  • Greenwich Waterfront Transit
  • Silvertown Link

Order approved – February 2004 – Red option – work to start Spring 2005

Secured by planning permissions and by agreement under Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990

Current environmental arrangements flow from s.106 agreement of July 1998

Physical Factors

Length of Runway (1319m x 30m)

Obstacle Clearance – 5.5 degree glideslope


Flying Hours

Between 06.30 and 22.00 hours on weekdays

Between 06.30 and 12.30 hours on Saturdays

Between 12.30 and 22.00 on Sundays.

Between 09.00 and 22.00 hours on Bank Holidays

Only six low noise movements between 06.30 and 06.59 hours

The Airport is closed on Christmas Day

Aircraft are permitted to take off or land for 30 minutes after the Airport closes where there have been unavoidable operational delays. (These flights must not exceed 400 in any calendar year or 150 in any consecutive period of three months)


Limitation on Air Transport Movements

140 per day on Saturdays and Sundays

240 on other days except bank holidays

140 on 1 January

160 on Good Friday and the May Day Holiday

200 on Easter Monday, the late May Bank Holiday and the late August Bank Holiday

100 on 26 December

200 on any other Bank Holiday which may be proclaimed

73,000 per calendar year

Calculation of movements weighted by noise factors


Permitted Aircraft

Must be capable of making an approach at 5.5 degrees or steeper

Must fit into one of four Airport noise categories

Must be capable of landing/taking off safely within the limits of the runway

No helicopters

No club or leisure flying

No single-engined aircraft


Noise Management Scheme

Combined monitoring system for noise and track keeping

Ground power supplies (less use of APUs)

Scheme for minimising the noise impact of engine running on the ground

Provision for financial incentives and/or penalties aimed at securing compliance



  • Record of the numbers and types of aircraft which land and take off at the Airport every day
  • Regular meetings with the local planning authority and reports to the Airport Consultative Committee (ACC)
Noise Categories

Aircraft must fit into one of the following noise categories:

Category Noise Reference Noise Number of

Level (PNdB) Factor Movements

A 91.6 - 94.5 1.26 1.26

B 89.6 - 91.5 0.63 0.63

C 85.6 - 88.5 0.31 0.31

D 82.6 - 85.5 0.16 0.16

E Less than 82.6 0.08 0.08


Noise continued….

Sound Insulation Scheme

Sound insulation and mechanical ventilation for homes and noise sensitive premises

Phased programme – Part 4 now in progress

Trigger point is the 57LAeq 16 hour noise contour - much lower than at most other UK Airports with such schemes

Noise contour published annually and submitted to ACC and local planning authority


Noise continued……

CAA Noise Abatement Measures

Noise abatement procedures built into Standard Instrument Departures (SIDs)

Aircraft not on SIDs must climb straight ahead to 1000 ft before turning on track

Aircraft not on ILS approaches must follow a 5.5 degree descent path


Noise continued……

The Airport seeks to be a good neighbour – it’s good for business!

The neighbours are very close!

Relationships with the neighbours are generally excellent not least because:

the Airport was an early player in the rejuvenation of a very run-down area

still seen as vital to the ongoing regeneration of the area and a source of jobs for local people

Community Relations

Key initiatives:

Dedicated Community Relations Executive

Environmental Manager

Effective complaints procedure – it’s personal!

Local Employment Policy (70%)

Annual Fun Day – hugely popular

Ongoing support local charities and groups – donations and sponsorship

Airport participation in running local bodies

Annual Arts Awards

Educational Visits including tours

Volunteer Reading Scheme

Work Experience Programme

Bursary scheme for university students

Community Relations…

Fun Day 2004

Formed in 1986

Airport designated under s.35 in 1996

New constitution 2002

A forum for discussion of matters concerning the “development or operation of the Airport, which have an impact on the users of the Airport and on people living and working in the surrounding area”

Specific monitoring functions under 1998 s. 106 agreement

Representative of the airport, the airlines, local and public authorities, the local communities and passenger and business interests

London City Airport Consultative Committee

The Committee on Annual Familiarisation Visit

During the year LCY had a total of 29 environmental complaints

18 related to noise

Of the remainder:

3related to DLR construction/vehicle noise (Not LCY)

2 related to alleged TV signal interference

1 related to alleged jet blast

1 related to light pollution

1 related to noise from air conditioning units (on airport)

1 related to alleged oily deposits

2 related to helicopter noise (Not LCY)

There was one noise complaint for every 3000 flights

In 2003 Heathrow had 5283 complaints

Complaints (2003/04)

The Lounge in the Jet Centre

Visit the Consultative Committee’s website at

More Information

  • And the Airport’s website at