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Group One – Sweden . Day 2 – Discussion and Exercises. Monday- what did we learn? . Conceptualizing and perceiving culture What culture is, the four generic types Individualism & Collectivism Cultural values and practices Why paradoxes are important Proper introductions Stereotypes

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group one sweden

Group One – Sweden

Day 2 – Discussion and Exercises

monday what did we learn
Monday- what did we learn?
  • Conceptualizing and perceiving culture
  • What culture is, the four generic types
  • Individualism & Collectivism
  • Cultural values and practices
  • Why paradoxes are important
  • Proper introductions
  • Stereotypes
  • Ex- Trans - & Re- Patriots
  • Changing culture - china
the globe study
The GLOBE Study
  • What is it?
    • It was a 10 year research project of
    • Global
    • Leadership
    • Organizational
    • Behavior
    • Effectiveness program
  • The point?
    • To increase available knowledge that is relevant to cross-cultural interactions.
    • That is that leadership effectiveness is embedded in societal norms and beliefs.
first step gauging leadership effectiveness
First step gauging leadership effectiveness
  • Establishing nine cultural dimensions
    • Built on findings of Hofstede

USA – Anglo

Sweden – Nordic

Norway – Nordic

China – Confucian

Japan – Confucian

Italy – Latin European

Switzerland – LE / Germanic

Spain (2) – Latin European

Germany - Germanic

6 leadership styles
6 Leadership styles
  • Performance -Oriented style – stresses high standards, decisiveness, and innovation; seeks to inspire people around a vision; creates a passion among them to perform; and does so by firmly holding on to core values
  • Team- oriented- instills pride, loyalty, and collaboration among organizational members; and highly values team cohesiveness and a common purpose or goal.
  • Participated style – encourages input from others in decision- making and implementation; and emphasizes delegation and equality.
slide6

Humane style – stresses compassion and generosity, and it is patient, supportive, and concerned with the well-being of others

  • Autonomous style – is characterized by an independent, individualistic, and self-centric approach to leadership
  • Self-protective (and group) – emphasizes procedural, status conscious, and “face-saving “ behaviors; and focuses on the safety and security of the individual group.
question 1
Question 1
  • “How do individualism and collectivism relate to frames of reference and selfishness?”
question 2
Question 2
  • “There are several definitions of culture in this chapter. Which specific definition do you prefer? Why? What do you consider to the three most essential features of any definition of culture? Why?”
question 3
Question 3
  • “Why do the GLOBE researches distinguish between values and practices? Describe one situation you have personally encountered that highlights this distinction”
question 4 michele gelfand karen holcombe s study
Question 4 - Michele Gelfand & Karen Holcombe’s study
  • A controversy has developed in your workplace, and you need to take a position. Which is your most likely course of action?
    • You assemble all the facts and make up your mind
    • You discuss it with your boss and support his or her position
    • You discuss it with your peers and take their views into account
    • You consider which position will most likely benefit you in the future

Answer this question based on your country’s point of view:

results of question a
Results of question A
    • Answer choice A:You assemble all the facts and make up your mind
    • Horizontal Individualism
    • Answer choice B: You discuss it with your boss and support his or her position Vertical Collectivism
  • Answer choice C: You discuss it with your peers and take their views into account
  • Horizontal Collectivism
    • Answer choice D: You consider which position will most likely benefit you in the future
      • Vertical Individualism
triandis four generic types of culture
Triandis – four generic types of culture
  • HI, Horizontal Individualism: a low degree of power distance and a high degree of individualism
    • Equality-Matching cultures
  • VC, Vertical Collectivism: a high degree of both power distance and collectivism
    • Authority-Ranking cultures
  • HC, Horizontal Collectivism: low degree of power distance and a high degree of collectivism
    • Community sharing cultures
  • VI, Vertical Individualism: a high degree of both power distance and individualism
    • Market-Pricing cultures
slide14

Which factor is most important when hiring an employee? The applicant:

    • Is easy to get along with
    • Has been an especially valued employee by a competitor
    • Is a relative
    • Is a respected member of your community
question b results
Question B - results
    • Answer choice A: Is easy to get along with
    • Horizontal Individualism
    • Answer choice B: Has been an especially valued employee by a competitor
    • Vertical Individualism
  • Answer choice C: Is a relative
  • Horizontal Collectivism
    • Answer choice D: Is a respected member of your community
      • Vertical Collectivism
question 5
Question 5

“What are demographic groups and cultural groups? How do they differ? Please give specific examples. “

question 6
Question 6
  • “Please site and explain one factor not described in the chapter that nullifies the importance of culture. “
  • The power of the United States
  • Many countries today are effected by western culture
    • Example: establishing a new government in the Middle East