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Feb.4-Feb.8.2013. TEKS: 2A, 5A, Chinese new Year objectives: Paper cutting Chinese calligraphy 3) Chinese food making: dumpling wrap dumplings: www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltosvCAb55c

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feb 4 feb 8 2013

Feb.4-Feb.8.2013

TEKS: 2A, 5A,

Chinese new Year objectives:

Paper cutting

Chinese calligraphy

3) Chinese food making: dumpling

wrap dumplings: www.youtube.com/watch?v=ltosvCAb55c

To prepare dough, the mix, to wrap, and to cook dumplings. http://www.youtube.com/watch?NR=1&v=ovvMKx5JmZU&feature=endscreen

monday objectives
Monday objectives
  • TEKS: 2A, 3A, 5A
  • Calligraphy:
  • 1)history of Chinese calligraphy
  • 2) styles of Chinese calligraphy
  • 3)the characteristics of each style
  • 4) write Chinese New Year characters
  • 春spring, 吉,福,满( abundant)
  • Activities: students get into small group and study the styles of Chinese calligraphy. They will write down important information about the style they assigned on the poster. 15 minutes later, they present to class with their posters.
about chinese calligraphy
About Chinese calligraphy
  • 1) It is one of the highest forms of Chinese art, serving the purpose of conveying thoughts while also showcasing abstract beauty of lines.
  • 2) It is one of the four basic skills and disciplines of the Chinese literati, together with painting ( 画hua), stringed musical instruments (琴qin) and board games (棋qi).
  • 3) However, rhythm, lines, and structure are more perfectly embodied in calligraphy than in the other three skills.
the history of chinese calligraphy
The history of Chinese calligraphy
  • The history of Chinese Calligraphy is estimated to be 4000 years old. When Qin Shi Huang united the Old China in 221 B.C.,( which dynasty was it?) Calligraphy was already an art and art works in this dynasty. It has always been high evaluated and respected throughout the history.
  • Calligraphy started to bloom as an art during the Han dynasty (206 B.C. -220 A.D.)
  • Calligraphy styles has changed through different period of time in history.
slide5

B. Some Styles of Chinese Calligraphy 书法的类型

  • 1. Oracle Inscriptions 甲骨文
  • 2. The Great Seal Style大篆

3. The Small Seal Style 小篆

4. Clerical Style 隶属

5. Regular Style 楷书

6. running style行书

Activity: study the styles of Chinese calligraphy and share the information

1)Find your partner and get handout from Ms. Wu.

2)Study the information you have for 5 minutes.

3)Students come to the front and present the information: Oral presentation, and pick up the right style on the board and show it to the class.

1 oracle inscriptions
1. Oracle Inscriptions 甲骨文

The earliest known examples of Chinese writing are inscriptions on animal bones and tortoise shells dating from the 13th century B.C. during the Shang dynasty. These inscriptions were the records of divinations made by heating the bones or shells over a fire until cracks appeared on them. Predictions were read from the pattern of the cracks and recorded directly on the bone or shell. The figure below shows an oracle carved on the plastron of a tortoise. Note that the characters are composed of fairly straight lines with sharp endings. (Do you think these features might have something to do with the kind of materials used?)

slide7

2. The Great Seal Style大篆This term was used during the Chou dynasty (1122-221 B.C.). these characters are more rounded at the corners and show a mixture of thick and thin strokes. Many of the surviving examples of this style, such as the one below, come from inscriptions that were cast on bronze vessels. At the bottom of the first column is the pictograph (picture-word) for "horse." The first word in the second column is also a pictograph. It shows "carriage" from a bird's eye view — a compartment with two wheels on either side, joined by an axle.

3 the small seal style
3. The Small Seal Style 小篆

In 221 B.C. the first emperor of China ordered that the writing system be standardized and established the writing style of his native state, Ch'in, as the model script of the empire. The round contours of this script, later known as the Small Seal Style, make it similar to the Great Seal Style. However, the lines are all of an even thickness and the characters are very elongated so that they might be imagined to fit neatly into a vertical rectangle.

4 clerical style
4. Clerical Style隶书

Time: the Han dynasty (207 B.C.-220 A.D )

This style became known as the Clerical Style because more of the samples of this script were found on official documents such as government records of taxes, census records, deeds, etc. Notice the upward tilt at the end of the horizontal strokes which gives each character a fluid quality. This style is the forerunner of the Regular Style.

5 regular style k i
5. Regular Style楷kǎi书

The Regular Style preserves the Clerical script's precision and modulation of line width but is less formal and heavy in appearance. Note that the horizontal lines generally slope upwards but do not have the final tilt at the end of the stroke which the Clerical Style has. Note also that the vertical lines are kept strictly vertical and do not lean away from the center of the character as in the Clerical Style. As students of calligraphy have traditionally mastered this style before attempting the others, we will also use it as our model in learning to write Chinese.

6 running style
6. Running Style行书

As the name suggests, this style allows for morefreedom and fluidity in movement. The strokes and dots that are written separately in the Regular Style are joined together in a single sweep of the brush, thus producing a feeling of speed and fluency.

slide13
Note
  • Styles 1 through 4 are called "archaic" styles because they are no longer in use, except for special artistic purposes. Styles 5 and 6 are both in common use today and are called "modern" styles, although historically they have been practiced since the end of the 5th century A.D.
master of calligraphy http www chinapage com callig1 html masters calligraphy
Master of calligraphy: http://www.chinapage.com/callig1.html#mastersCalligraphy
questions
Questions
  • What is the earliest style?
  • What style was used for official document?
  • What style was requested by the first Chinese emperor to be used from 221 BC.?
  • What style is the fundamental one ?
tues day s objectives
Tuesday’s objectives
  • TEKS: 2A, 3A, 5A
  • New words
  • paper cutting
  • 1) Pick a pattern, a mat, and knife
  • 2) go back silently to your seat
  • 3) put the mat on the table
  • 4) put your paper on the mat
  • 5) start to cut the white part from the paper
  • 6) Chose a piece
  • 6) turn in your paper cut before you go.
slide17

Paper cutting: it is a very important part of Chinese New Year celebration. People put the paper cutting on their windows , doors,and walls

wednesday objectives
Wednesday objectives
  • TEKS: 2A, 5A
  • 1) Wrap dumplings
  • 2) Learn New words:
  • 饺 子dumplings
  • 包 v. wrap
  • 煮 v. boil
  • 吃 v. eat
wrapping dumplings
Wrapping dumplings
  • An important tradition on New Year's Eve is for families to gather together and spend the evening preparing Chinese dumplings, jiaozi饺 子. According to Chinese Culture , it is common to hide a coin in one of the dumplings. Whoever gets the dumpling with the coin will supposedly have good luck in the coming year.
how to wrap chinese dumplings
how to wrap Chinese dumplings

Dumplings are served on Chinese New Year table. It is a symbol of wealth. It has the similar shape of gold money.

How to wrap the dumpling? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mfMWljuJifU

How to make the mix?

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S_jSnVGHcA0

ingredients
Ingredients:
  • Filling:
  • 1 cup ground pork or beef or turkey, whatever you like
  • 1 TB soy sauce
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1/4 teaspoon freshly ground white pepper, or to taste
  • 3 TB sesame oil
  • 1/2 green onion, finely minced
  • 1 1/2 cups finely shredded Napa cabbage
  • 2 slices fresh ginger root
thursday objectives
Thursday objectives
  • Paper cutting
  • TEKS: 5A
  • The students will continue to finish the paper cutting.
  • It is a daily grade.
friday objectives teks 2a 5a
Friday objectives: TEKS: 2A,5A
  • Introduce Chinese history, culture, geography
  • Review the questions about Chinese New Year
  • Games:
  • Sing a Chinese song: 5 tickets
  • Recite the chant: 5 tickets
  • Recite numbers from 1-100: 5 tickets
  • Write five animals in Chinese: 5 tickets
  • Get the right the answer for a question: 1 ticket
slide24

1) what is the animal year? Snake

  • 2) How long will the Chinese New Year celebration last?
  • 15 days
  • 3) When is Chinese New Year’s eve?
  • Dec.30th , lunar calendar
  • 4) What are the other countries and regions that celebrate Lunar New Year as China does?
  • Vietnam, Singapore, Malaysia, Korean, Japan, Hongkong, Tailand, Laos, Taiwan, and some other Asian countries, they also celebrate Lunar New Year, as well as in Chinatown’s around the world.
  • 5) Why do Chinese people clean their house before Chinese New Year?
  • Sweep away the bad luck and leave room for good luck!
slide25

6) What are the popular phrases you say in Chinese New Year?

  • 恭喜发财!新年快乐!
  • 7) What will Chinese people do on the first day of Chinese New Year?
  • Pray in the temple and Visit family members
  • 8) What do Chinese people do on the 2nd day of Chinese New Year?
  • Married women go visiting her own parents.
  • 9) What do Chinese people do on the 5th day of Chinese New Year?
  • Welcome the god of wealth, generally, companies start the first work day of the new year.
slide26

10) Why Chinese people stay late on Chinese New Year’s Eve?

  • It is said that the longer you stay late, the longer your parents, grandparents will live.
  • 11) Explain the food served on Chinese New Year eve, at least 3 dishes.
  • Fish鱼/ abundant, meat balls四喜丸子Happiness all the four seasons, rice cake/ 年糕 you
  • get promoted this year!
  • 12) What is Red Envelop? What is inside Red Envelop?
  • An red envelop that Chinese people give to their younger(s) to put cash in the red envelope.
  • 13)What do Chinese people do at the last day of Chinese New Year celebration?
  • The Chinese New Year celebration ends at Jan.15th Lunar calendar with Lantern Festival. People do
  • riddles and watch the pretty lanterns.
slide27

14) where do they put the red couplets?

  • On both sides of the door
  • 15) How many styles are there in Chinese calligraphy?
  • 6
  • 16) What is the earliest style?
  • Oracle Inscriptions 甲骨文
  • 17) What style was used for official document?
  • Clerical Style 隶书
  • 18)What style was requested by the first Chinese emperor to be used from 221 BC.?
  • The Great Seal Style 大篆
slide28

19)What style is the fundamental one ?

  • Standard style
  • What is the population in China? 1.3 billion
  • 21)Name 5 cities in China: Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, XiAn, Chengdu, Chongqing, Nanjing
  • 22) Name 5 dynasty’s names: xia, shang, zhou, qin, han, Tang , shong,Yuan ,Ming ,Qing
  • 23) name the two main rivers in China
  • Yangzi, Yellow
slide29

25) what are the four inventions in China?

  • Compass[2]
  • Gunpowder[3]
  • Papermaking[4]
  • Printing[5]