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Aim: How were the English colonies settled? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Aim: How were the English colonies settled?. I. Jamestown (1607) . A. founded by a joint stock company (London Company) to make profits for investors B. Unsuccessful search for gold C. Tobacco becomes cash crop D. Settlers: 1. indentured servants 2. freemen—received headright of 50 acres

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i jamestown 1607
I. Jamestown (1607)
  • A. founded by a joint stock company (London Company) to make profits for investors
  • B. Unsuccessful search for gold
  • C. Tobacco becomes cash crop
  • D. Settlers:
    • 1. indentured servants
    • 2. freemen—received headright of 50 acres
  • E. Anglican Church—established church
  • F. House of Burgesses (1619)—1st representative assembly in America
  • G. Became a royal colony (governor appointed by king) in 1624
ii plymouth 1620
II. Plymouth (1620)
  • A. Settled by radical reformers (Separatists) who rejected the King’s authority in religious matters
    • 1. fled England for the Netherlands
    • 2. Mayflower Compact (1620)—male passengers agreed to create a government for themselves
      • a. town meetings—all decisions affecting the colony were decided by the Church members (direct democracy)
iii massachusetts bay 1629
III. Massachusetts Bay (1629)
  • A. founded by reformers within the Anglican Church who were persecuted for their religious beliefs (Puritans)
  • B. formed the Massachusetts Bay Company and moved its headquarters to New England
  • C. Great Migration (beginning 1630)—over 15,000 Puritans left England for Massachusetts
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