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Can the Bible be Trusted. By: Jay Brennan. Da Vinci Code Claims. More than eighty gospels were considered for the New Testament, and yet only a relative few were chosen for inclusion—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John among them. (pg. 231)

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da vinci code claims
Da Vinci Code Claims
  • More than eighty gospels were considered for the New Testament, and yet only a relative few were chosen for inclusion—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John among them. (pg. 231)
  • “Fortunately for historians, some of the gospels that Constantine attempted to eradicate managed to survive. The Dead Sea Scrolls were found in the 1950s hidden in a cave near Qumran in the Judean desert. And, of course, the Coptic Scrolls in 1945 at Nag Hammadi.” (234)
“The Nag Hammadi scrolls . . .tell . . . an alternative history of the time of Jesus and Mary Magdalene” (Dan Brown)
  • Teabing calls these texts “the earliest Christian records” (245) and the “unaltered gospels” (248).
what are the nag hammadi documents
What are the Nag Hammadi Documents?
  • Accidentally discovered in 1945 near the Egyptian village of Nag Hammadi.
  • Inside the jar, they found thirteen leather-bound volumes containing fifty-two treatises….not 80 as the DaVinci Code claims
what are the nag hammadi documents6
What are the Nag Hammadi Documents?
  • The books included Gospels (e.g. Thomas, Philip), Acts (e.g. Peter and the Twelve Apostles), letters (e.g. Peter to Philip) and Apocalypses (e.g. Paul, Peter).
  • So, why aren’t these books in the Bible?
how did we settle on 27 books of the n t
How Did we Settle on 27 Books of the N.T.?
  • They were a response to heretics. Ex. - Marcion- A.D. 140
  • They were a response to persecution. Diocletian- A.D. 303
  • They were upheld by the early church leaders.Polycarp (A.D. 115) Justin Martyr (A.D. 100-165) Ignatius (A.D. 50-115)
criteria of canonicity inclusion in n t
Criteria of Canonicity – Inclusion in N.T.
  • Five criteria:
  • Apostolic – written or sanctioned by an apostle
  • Ancient – had to be written near the time of Christ of his followers.
  • Orthodox – Consistence of Doctrine with rest of Scripture.
  • High Moral and Spiritual Value
  • Wide spread acceptance
reliability of the new testament
Reliability of the New Testament
  • Four criteria:
  • Manuscripts
  • Archeology
  • Prophecy
  • Statistics
new testament manuscripts11
New Testament Manuscripts
  • This is papyrus p52, the oldest known fragment of any gospel.
  • The front is John 18:31-33 (shown), the back is John 18:37-38.
  • It is dated about AD 125, only 35 years after this Gospel was written.
new testament manuscripts12

This is papyrus p46, one of the most extensive collections containing large sections of Romans, all of Hebrews, I and II Cor.

  • Hebrews in background, II Corinthians in foreground.
  • It is dated about AD 200, about 150 years after most books were written.
  • You can see this at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
New Testament Manuscripts
manuscripts reliability of
Manuscripts: Reliability of
  • Bibliographical Test
  • Internal Test
  • External Test

This is a section of p66

manuscripts reliability bibliographical test
Manuscripts: Reliability- Bibliographical Test
  • The number of copies of the manuscripts
  • The time span between the original and the earliest known copy

This is a section of p67

internal test
Internal Test
  • Luke 1:1-3 - “Many have undertaken to draw up an account of the things that have been fulfilled among us, just as they were handed down to us by those who from the first were eyewitnesses and servants of the word. Therefore, since I myself have carefully investigated everything from the beginning, it seemed good also to me to write an orderly account for you, most excellent Theophilus, so that you may know the certainty of the things you have been taught.”
  • 2 Peter 1:16
  • John 19:35
  • I Corinthians 15:3-8
maps archaeology
MAPS: Archaeology
  • Joshua 6
  • Pontius Pilate
  • John 5
  • 25,000 sites:Nelson Glueck, the renowned Jewish archaeologist has said, “It may be stated categorically that no archaeological discovery has ever controverted a biblical reference”
maps statistics
MAPS: Statistics
  • The likelihood of just eight of prophecies were fulfilled in one person would be 1 in 100,000,000,000,000,000
  • 1 with 17 zeroes
  • Would be like covering the state of Texas with silver dollars two feet deep….
evidence the bible is from god
Evidence the Bible is from God
  • Historically accurate
  • Internally consistent
  • Corresponds to external historical records
  • Prophecies were fulfilled
  • Statistically probable
  • It transforms lives