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TCJIUG TXGANG UPDATE Texas Department of Public Safety. Austin May 2006. TXGANG Legislation. Texas Art. 61.02. Criminal Combination and Criminal Street Gang Intelligence Database; Submission Criteria
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TCJIUGTXGANG UPDATETexas Department of Public Safety Austin May 2006
TXGANG Legislation Texas Art. 61.02. Criminal Combination and Criminal Street Gang Intelligence Database; Submission Criteria (a) Subject to Subsection (b), a criminal justice agency may compile criminal information into an intelligence database for the purpose of investigating or prosecuting the criminal activities of criminal combinations or criminal street gangs. The information may be compiled on paper, by computer, or in any other useful manner. (b) A law enforcement agency may compile and maintain criminal information relating to a criminal street gang as provided by Subsection (a) in a local or regional intelligence database only if the agency compiles and maintains the information in accordance with the criminal intelligence systems operating policies established under 28 C.F.R. Section 23.1 et seq. and the submission criteria established under Subsection (c).
TXGANG Legislation (c) Criminal information collected under this chapter relating to a criminal street gang must: (1) be relevant to the identification of an organization that is reasonably suspected of involvement in criminal activity; and (2) consist of any two of the following: (A) a self-admission by the individual of criminal street gang membership; (B) an identification of the individual as a criminal street gang member by a reliable informant or other individual; (C) a corroborated identification of the individual as a criminal street gang member by an informant or other individual of unknown reliability; (D) evidence that the individual frequents a documented area of a criminal street gang, associates with known criminal street gang members, and uses criminal street gang dress, hand signals, tattoos, or symbols; or (E) evidence that the individual has been arrested or taken into custody with known criminal street gang members for an offense or conduct consistent with criminal street gang activity.
TXGANG Legislation Texas Art. 61.03. Release of Information (c) If a local law enforcement agency compiles and maintains information under this chapter relating to a criminal street gang, the agency shall send the information to the department. (TXGANG)
PURPOSE AND GOALS of TXGANG • TXGANG serves the criminal justice community by providing access to a computerized index of records. • The records contain criminal intelligence information on criminal street gang activity in Texas. • The community served includes criminal justice personnel involved in the investigation, prosecution, or punishment for a criminal offense relating to a gang.
PURPOSE AND GOALS • The primary purposes of TXGANG are receipt, storage, and sharing of criminal intelligence information related to gangs and gang members. • The goal of TXGANG is to improve the effectiveness of the criminal justice community by providing for the timely exchange of documented and reliable information.
TXGANG Review • Low participation in TXGANG has caused questions regarding system design and policies • DPS has met with a few agencies • Will hold statewide meeting(s) to discuss issues and develop solutions
Opportunities for Improvement 1. TXGANG System participation options • Currently, law enforcement agencies have the option of performing a “one-time” bulk upload of their gang data into the TXGANG system. • From that point forward, they are required to manually enter new records, and update and retire existing records. • For those agencies that maintain their own gang database, this results in a time consuming, duplication of effort.
Opportunities for Improvement Proposal for discussion • DPS proposes to streamline the process by creating ongoing, automated data interchange functionality within TXGANG to allow law enforcement agencies to automatically update, modify, and delete their gang data in the state-wide system. • DPS will work with local agencies to determine appropriate methods and formats for the data exchange.
Opportunities for Improvement 2. Photos in TXGANG • Preliminary discussions suggest significant interest in incorporating photographs in TXGANG. • Would benefit criminal intelligence officers and improve the identification of gang members.
Opportunities for Improvement Proposal for discussion • DPS will work on development of a process for agencies to submit photographs into the system. • The displaying of photographs will be modeled after the Sex Offenders Index.
Opportunities for Improvement 3. Validation of Information in TXGANG • Validation of records in TXGANG is required by CFR. • Currently TXGANG provides a listing of all records due for validation to the user upon login. • To validate the records, the user is required to go to each individual record and either retire or validate that specific record. • Gang record validation is currently behind due to both lack of manpower at participating agencies and the cumbersome method of validation required.
Opportunities for Improvement Proposal for Discussion: • DPS proposes to provide a report of records approaching their validation deadline to each participating law enforcement agency on a periodic (monthly/quarterly) basis. • Notifications could be disseminated via secure, encrypted emailing of reports.
Opportunities for Improvement 4. TXGANG as Local Gang File • Some small agencies without gang databases would like TXGANG to act as their own file. • TXGANG is not currently configured to allow the entry of additional agency-specific information that would enable a smaller agency to utilize it as their sole method of collecting and filing gang information.
Opportunities for Improvement Proposal for Discussion: • DPS proposes to incorporate the addition of those fields and functionality necessary to allow TXGANG to be used by a local agency as their own gang file. • Additional data would be invisible to other agencies.
Opportunities for Improvement • Lack of effective outreach and training • Inadequate outreach and training regarding potential of TXGANG to be an effective tool for criminal intelligence and gang investigators has contributed to minimal use of the system.
Opportunities for Improvement Proposal for Discussion: • DPS and the Office of the Attorney General will work with associations and other interested parties to develop an effective Training Strategy in order to provide sufficient training on use of the system to law enforcement agencies across the state.
Opportunities for Improvement 6. TXGANG via TLETS • Information contained within TXGANG is currently limited to use by specific persons within each agency. • Due to officer safety there is significant interest in making the TXGANG data available to all law enforcement officers, especially to patrol officers via TLETS. • In addition, several ideas for cross-referencing information for gang activity have been suggested.
Opportunities for Improvement Proposal for Discussion: DPS will investigate the technical issues related to: • Accessing gang information through TLETS • Cross-referencing Wanted Persons inquiries to TXGANG • Cross-checking arrest submissions to DPS against TXGANG • Expanded use of the TXGANG information in such manners will include a discussion with the authors of the original gang legislation.
Opportunities for Improvement • What other factors limit TXGANG use? • What other technical improvements should be made? • What other policy changes should be considered?
Opportunities for Improvement Send recommendations to: Pam Pierce, TCIC Analyst Pam.email@example.com (512) 424-2898 David Gavin, Asst. Chief, Administration David.firstname.lastname@example.org (512) 424-2077
TCJIUGCRIME RECORDS UPDATETexas Department of Public Safety Austin May 2006
LIVESCAN SUBMISSIONS • 52 agencies are reporting arrest information electronically via livescan. • All DPS purchased livescan devices have now been upgraded to improved scanner quality and include mugshot capability. • Preparing an RFP to place livescan devices in 16 counties along the border with an option to purchase more. Will submit via the Web to DPS.
AFIS Upgrades • Database Expansion • Currently 6,500,000 persons in AFIS • Expanded capacity to 10,000,000 • Throughput Expansion • Currently can process 4,000 cards per day • Expanded to process 6,000 cards per day • Both increases primary to serve non-criminal justice background search increases
DISPOSITION SUBMISSIONS • 81 counties are currently reporting dispositions electronically.
DISPOSITION SUBMISSIONS • DPS planning a CJIS conference to encourage livescan and electronic disposition reporting. • Will be at the Austin Hyatt July 24-27, 2006 • Contact: CJIS Field Support Unit 512-424-2478 • On line registration: • http://www.txdps.state.tx.us/cjis/
FLAT FINGERPRINT BASED DISPOSITION REPORTING • Deploy livescan devices at courts to capture the flats (plain fingerprint impressions) of persons being disposed by the court. • Provides biometric based identification of defendant • Allows for disposition reporting to CCH that is independent of reporting by law enforcement • Does not take the place of rolled tenprint submissions by law enforcement. • Federal grant money has been awarded to fund a pilot involving 5 Texas counties utilizing flat fingerprint supported disposition reporting.
SECURE CCH WEBSITE • 24 hours-a-day, 7 days-a-week on-line access to CCH data to authorized users • More than 8,370 authorized agencies • More than 1300 criminal justice agencies
PUBLIC ACCESS CCH WEBSITE • Allows general public access to conviction and deferred adjudication information. • Costs approximately $3.00 for a search • Does not include juveniles • Is regularly sold to private entities
ENHANCEMENTS REQUIRED BY THE LEGISLATURE • DPS Create local agency compliance reports • Published for three years • Can be requested as ad-hoc reports on CJIS Website
SECURE SEX OFFENDER WEBSITE • Law enforcement agencies can update sex offender records on-line. • Records must already have been established by fingerprint submissions. • Works very well to help keep sex offender information up to date.
PUBLIC SEX OFFENDER WEBSITE • All Sex Offenders as entered by DPS and local agencies • No cost searches • Is sold in bulk • Mapping is available
SOR NEIGHBORHOOD NOTIFICATION • Mailing of notification to all individuals of when a sex offender moves into their neighborhood • Subdivided areas – three block radius • Non-subdivided areas – 1 mile radius • Notification in English and in Spanish • Includes a picture of the sex offender • Only recovering approximately 12% of costs
Sex Offender Mapping You are here
TCIC 2000 • TCIC was ready in January 2002 • FBI deadline was July 2002 • Texas as a State still not fully compliant • Approximately agencies still sending legacy transactions. • DPS sending survey to find out when they will be converted
TCIC Totals • Stolen Boats 1,914 • Recovered Boats 25 • Wanted Persons 61,271 • Wanted - TCIC Only 170,145 • Capius Warrants 2,021 • Stolen Vehicles 98,421 • Stored/Abandoned Vehicles 5,344 • Felony Vehicles 18 • $.8 Vehicles 2,224 • License Plates 12,094 • H.E.A.T. Vehicles 46,686 • T.R.I.P. Vehicles 2,730
TCIC Totals • Protective Orders 12,119 • Temporary Protective Orders 1,552 • Protective Orders - TCIC Only 1,192 • Protective Orders - Temporary TCIC Only 307 • Concealed Handgun Licenses 283,830 • Individual Identity Records 287 • Threats Against Peace Officers 229 • Sex Offenders 36,675 • Sex Offenders - Texas only 7,782 • Missing Persons 7,866 • Unidentified Persons 602
Fingerprint Applicant Services of Texas (FAST) • Statewide fingerprinting services for non-criminal justice purposes • DPS contracted with Identix Identification Services, Inc. • Identix charges $9.95 per person • DPS receives no funds
Fingerprint Applicant Services of Texas (FAST) Making an Appointment • Call Center Scheduling • Available Monday-Friday, 8am-5pm. • Call 1-800-467-2080 and speak to a bilingual operators • On-line Scheduling • Available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. • Go to www.identix.com/iis • Click on the “Texas” link and then on the “Schedule a Fingerprinting Appointment On-line” tab
Fingerprint Applicant Services of Texas (FAST) • Scheduling services must be available via a toll-free number, the Internet and hearing impaired device compatibility. • Identix must provide fingerprint service within 10 days of the applicant making the appointment • Identix must verify applicant identification with information provided in the appointment scheduling • Submission of fingerprint capture must happen within 24 hours for mobile sites and on a real or near real time basis for fixed sites
Federal Initiatives • Next Generation Identification • Upgrade to FBI IAFIS • Multi-modal Biometric capabilities • Fingerprints • Palmprints • Facial recognition • Retina/Iris scan • Adopt new biometric technologies as available • Requirements gathering being finalized
Federal Initiatives • Next Generation Identification • Upgrade to process 200,000 fingerprint searches per day • U. S. Guest worker program estimated at 120,000 fingerprint searches per day • Increase in non-criminal justice searches nationwide
Federal Initiatives • Pilot between FBI and U. S. VISIT • Presidential Directive to share information • Through exchange of fingerprint data • State of Texas, City of Boston, Office of Personnel Management • Fingerprint submissions will search US VISIT fingerprint database • Latents will search US VISIT database • To start in September • Depending upon results will expand to entire nation • Texas/Boston/OPM fingerprint searches will hit against “expedited removals” in US VISIT • US VISIT fingerprint searches will hit against wanted persons in IAFIS
Federal Initiatives • NCIC XML • Have already done Rap Sheet in GJXDM 3.0 • FBI is marking up NCIC in XML • Will create NCIC transactions into XML • Will provide future benefits • XML via TLETS
N-DEx Vision • The vision of N-DEx is to share complete, accurate, timely and useful information across jurisdictional boundaries and to provide new investigative tools that enhance the Nation’s ability to fight crime and terrorism.
Key Thoughts • What is N-DEx • At its core, N-DEx is a repository of law enforcement incident data • N-DEx will provide law enforcement agencies (LEAs) with a powerful new investigative tool to search, link, analyze and share criminal justice information (e.g., incident and case reports, etc.) on a national basis to a degree never before possible. • N-DEx will allow participating LEAs to detect relationships between people, places, things and crime characteristics, link information across jurisdictions and allow them to “connect the dots” between data that is not apparently related without information overload.
Key Thoughts • The Key Success Factor • Ensuring that N-DEx meets the real-world needs of law enforcement is the key success factor