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The Philippine Risk Profile and Disaster Management Trends. Session 1. Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Framework Module 2: Philippines Application.

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The Philippine Risk Profile and Disaster Management Trends


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    1. The Philippine Risk Profile and Disaster Management Trends Session 1 Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Framework Module 2: Philippines Application

    2. The Philippine Archipelago occupies the western ring of the Pacific Ocean (Western Segment of the Pacific Ring of Fire), a most active part of the earth that is characterized by an ocean-encircling belt of active volcanoes and earthquake generators (faults).

    3. Geologic Hazards • July 16, 1990 (Intensity 8 Earthquake) • 1,666 persons dead • 3,500 persons injured • P11B cost of damaged property • P1.2B cost of damage in agriculture • June 1991 (Mt. Pinatubo Eruption) • The biggest volcanic eruption of the century • 800 persons dead • P10.6B cost of damages Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Framework Module 2: Philippines Application

    4. Hydro-Meteorological Hazards • The Philippines experiences an average of 20 Tropical Cyclone a year • 5 of which can be destructive • The December 2004 landslides in the Provinces of Quezon & Aurora were a result of the continuous rainfall in the area Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Framework Module 2: Philippines Application

    5. Weather System Affecting the Philippines • Tropical Cyclones • Seasonal Monsoons • Southwest – June to September • Northeast – November to March • Cold Front • Intertropical Convergence Zone • Easterly Trade • Thunderstorms Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Framework Module 2: Philippines Application

    6. Category of Tropical Cyclones Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Framework Module 2: Philippines Application

    7. Losses Due to Disasters in the 20th Century Source: CRED 1998 Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Framework Module 2: Philippines Application

    8. Disaster Management Trends • Disaster Response • Disaster Preparedness & Response • Disaster Preparedness & Response • Natural Disaster Reduction • Disaster Preparedness & Response • Disasters & Development • Natural Disaster Risk Reduction • > up to the 1970’s • 1980’s • 1990’s – 2000 • 2000 – present Comprehensive Disaster Risk Management Framework Module 2: Philippines Application

    9. The need for a paradigm shift of our disaster management approaches and strategies from reactive to proactive > IncreaseDecrease Human Actions Vulnerability MAN Natural Hazards Natural Hazards DISASTER NATURE ENVIRONMENT