September 9, 2013 Allegory, Allusion and T.S. Elliot
Allegory • The underlying meaning has moral, social, religious, or political significance • characters are often personifications of abstract ideas as charity, greed, or envy • an allegory is a story with two meanings, a literal meaning and symbolic meaning. • Common in medieval and renaissance writing.
MARCH OF THE LEMMINGS (As lemmings they march to the end of a cliff,Ne’er opening mind to "why" or "what if."Immersed in a world lacking knowledgeability(Teemed with utter insipidity)Are these lives - innumerable -Following patterns uncomplicated -And all has a labelFor these minds, truncated.
Chapter VIII: Allusion • A reference to something in history or previous literature • Pound of Flesh- • insistence on being repaid • Sacred Cow- • something that cannot be interfered with or harmed in any way • Pearls before Swine- • to offer something precious to someone, or a group of people, unable to appreciate the value of what they are being given
T. S. Eliot • Thomas Stearns Eliot born in Missouri in September 1888 • He attended Harvard University earning both undergraduate and masters degrees • In 1910 he left the US for the Sorbonne, France • Settled in England in 1914 • The following year, he married and began working in London, first as a teacher, and later for Lloyd's Bank.
T. S. Eliot • Eliot came under the influence of Ezra Pound, his contemporary • She assisted in the publication of his work in a number of magazines, most notably "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" in 1915 • His first book of poems, Prufrock and Other Observations, was published in 1917, and immediately established him as a leading poet of the avant-garde • the publication The Waste Land (1922) is considered to be the single most influential poetic work of the twentieth century • 1930-60 he was the most dominant figure in poetry and literary criticism in the English-speaking world
T. S. Eliot • He introduced a new style of writing utilizing both common speech of the time and very obscure allusions. Allusions being the common element. • He wrote about death, loss, and spiritual recovery which for the most part are still of concern today. • His poems articulated the disillusionment of a post-World-War-I generation with the values and conventions of the Victorian era. • After his conversion to Orthodox Christianity in the late thirties, his poems were increasingly based in social and religious conservatism. • T. S. Eliot received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1948, and died in London in 1965.