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Intertidal Zone. Intertidal Zone . The zone between the highest and lowest tides along marine shores. Located along coast lines all around the world. Types of Intertidal Zones. Sand Beaches Rocks Estuaries Mangrove Coral Reefs. Three Zones Within…. Supra-Littoral Zone

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Kathleen fox

Intertidal Zone

Kathleen Fox


Intertidal zone
Intertidal Zone

  • The zone between the highest and lowest tides along marine shores.

  • Located along coast lines all around the world

Kathleen Fox


Types of intertidal zones
Types of Intertidal Zones

  • Sand Beaches

  • Rocks

  • Estuaries

  • Mangrove

  • Coral Reefs

Kathleen Fox


Three zones within
Three Zones Within…

  • Supra-Littoral Zone

    • covered by water during the highest high tides 

    • arid conditions

  • Mid-Littoral Zone

    • Increased submergence time

      • Home to many mussels

        • Pisasterochraceous.

  • Low-Littoral Zone

    • normally covered by water.

    • high concentration of nutrients

      • Home to many organisms

Kathleen Fox


Organisms adapt to changes
Organisms Adapt to Changes…

  • Moisture

    • Covered at high tide, exposed to air at low tide.

  • Water Movement

    • rough waves can dislodge or carry away poorly-adapted organisms (Barnacles)

  • Temperature

    • range from moderate water temperature to moderate/scorching or freezing air temps.

  • Salinity

    • Tide pools can become diluted or very salty

Kathleen Fox


Flora
Flora

  • Sea Grass

  • Seaweed

  • Green Algae

    • Dead Mans Finger

  • Brown Algae

    • Common Rockweed

Kathleen Fox


Fauna
Fauna

  • Crabs

  • Starfish

  • Atlantic Horseshoe Crab

  • Shiny Red Tunicate

Kathleen Fox


Threats
Threats

  • Invasive Species

    • Caulerpataxifolia

      • Algae from Caribbean in Massachusetts

  • Humans

    • Harvesting animals/plants (aquariums: seaweeds)

    • Shell collecting

  • Pollution

    • Trash

    • Oil spills

    • Sewage spills

    • Toxic chemical runoff

  • Global Climate Change

    • Rise in ocean temperature

      • Shift of distribution

Kathleen Fox


References
References

  • SeaWorld &Busch Gardens. "TIDE POOLS - Human Impact & Conservation."SeaWorld/Busch Gardens ANIMALS - HOME. SeaWorld & Busch Gardens. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. http://www.seaworld.org/wild-world/ecosystems/info-books/tide-pools/human-impact.htm

  • "OceanLink | Biodiversity - the Intertidal." OceanLink | Marine Sciences Education and Fun. OceanLink. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <http://www.oceanlink.info/biodiversity/intertidal/intertidal.html>.

  • "Shores - NatureWorks." New Hampshire Public Television - Engage. Connect. Celebrate. Nature Works. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/nwep6b.htm>.

  • "Marine Ecosystems - Zonation Features on Seashore." Www.tonya.me.uk Tonya Homesite It Trainer and Student Marine Biology Oceanography Bangor Ocean Sciences. Tonya Marine Biology/Oceanography. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <http://www.tonya.me.uk/Marine/tidalzones.asp>.

Kathleen Fox