合肥第十三中学 高三英语备课组 授课人：燕明超
你想突破“阅读理解”的长难句吗？ • Mostly borrowed from English and Chinese, these terms are often changed into forms no longer understood by native speakers.
你想用有品位的高级句式，来提高书面表达得分吗？你想用有品位的高级句式，来提高书面表达得分吗？ • Nowadays we often hear that it is expensive to buy houses, to pay for the children’s education fees and to see the doctor. It is really true about this. As is shown in the picture, some people are burdened with the high expense all their lives.
Multiple choice A • ____ late in the morning , Bob turned off the alarm. • To sleep B. Sleeping C. Sleep D. Having slept • (2001春季高考 第21题) C • 2 ____ a letter from her parents, Lily is now looking • forward to ___ from them. • Having not received; hear B. Not received; hear • C. Not having received; hearing D. Receiving not; hearing
不定式 过去分词 非谓语动词 V.-ing 形式 高考题 巩固 题1 巩固 题2
近五年不定式考查了5道题，主要考查不定式做宾语和 表语。此外还考了不定式的时态和否定形式。 不定式的作用 不定式 不定式的时态 不定式的否定形式
1.作状语 过去分词 2.作定语 3.作表语 4.作补语
[例1] NMET 2000 第19题 I’ve worked with children before, so I know what ___ in my job. A. expected B. to expect C. to be expecting D. expects 不定式的作用 1 解析 不定式 B 该题考查疑问+不定式在句中做宾语的用法。英语中有一些动词 后可以跟一个疑问词的不定式做宾语，如： tell, discuss, know, show, learn, decide, wonder, explain…
不定式的作用 1 [例2] NMET 1999 第21题 The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, ____ it more difficult. A. not make B. not to make C. not making D. do not make. 解析 不定式 B 因为主语是the purpose，在（purpose, wish, promise, plan）后常跟不定式，故表语要用不定式，to不能省略，因此构成the purpose is to…not to…do 句型，故选B 。
不定式的时态 2 [例3] NMET 1997第12题 I would love _____ to the party last night but I had to work extra hours to finish a report. A. to go B. having gone C. going D. to have gone 解析 不定式 D 该题考查动词不定式做宾语的 用法。Would love(like) to 是固定搭配，因此B、C、不合题意。Would love+不定式一般式，表示“想，希望”，而接不定式完成式则表示“原本希望而未曾实现”的意思。
解析 [例4] NMET 1999 第14题 • Robert is said ____ abroad, but I don’t know what country he studied in. • to have studied B. to study • C. to be study D. to have been studying A 常和不定式完成式连用的动词还有： Would love, meant, hoped, planned, expected, promised, wish等 例如：I meant to have telephoned you, but I forgot.
不定式的否定形式 3 解析 不定式 [例5] NMET 1996年 The patient was warned ____oily food after the operation. A. to eat not B. eating not C. not to eat D. not eat C 该题考查不定式的否定式作主补。要注意warn后跟词方式， ①warn sb. not to do sth. ②warn sb. against doing sth. 该题应该用①结构另外，not 应放在to之前。 在大多数的动词可接不定式短语做宾补，只有少数动词（五个看see,watch,notice, observe,look at；三使役make,let, have;二听listen to,hear等）须接不带to 的不定式做宾补。
我的例子 我做主 动词不定式 • 1、It will take me half an hour to read aloud English evey day.(主语） • 2、Tom pretended to be working hard when his father came in.(宾语） • 3、I have a lot of clothes to wash . • “Do you have any clothes to be washed” asked the nurse.(宾语） • 4、I am working hard to realize my dream.(状语） • 5、The tiger told the monkey to bring him something to eat.(补语）
过去分词主要考查其在句中作状语、定语、表语和补语的用法。过去分词主要考查其在句中作状语、定语、表语和补语的用法。 解析 过去分词 1.作状语 [例1] NMET1996第23题 ____in thought,he almost ran into the car in front of him. A. Losing B. Having lost C. Lost D. To lose C 1.该题考查过去分词作状语的用法。动词-ing或过去分词作状语，其逻辑主语应是主语。 2.“陷入深思”有两种表达法， A.Lose oneself in thought B.be lost in thought,按句子提供的语境可用结构B.
解析 过去分词 2.作定语 [例2] NMET1997第17题 The Olympic Games,___ in 776 B.C.did not include women players until 1912. A. first played B. to be first played C. first playing D. to be first playing A ①过去 分词做定语与其修饰词之间是动宾关系且过去分词表示的动作以完成。 ② 现在分词作定语表示动作正在发生，与修饰词是主谓关系。 ③不定式作定语表示将要发生的动作。 所以A是正确的。First played in 776B.C.=which was first played in 776 B.C.
解析 过去分词 3.作表语 [例3] NMET1998第23题 Cleaning women in big cities usually get ____ by the hour. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to pay C 该题考查分词作表语的用法。“to pay sb. by the hour” 计时给某人报酬。此题被动结构作表语。类似的有：get burnt, get hurt , get wounded.
解析 过去分词 4.作补语 [例4] NMET2000第22题 The managers discussed the plan that they would like to see ___ the next year. A. carry out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out C 该题考查过去分词作宾语补足语的用法。the plan 与carry out 的关系是被动关系。see sth.done 这结构常见的还有watch(notice, observe,have 和make)sth. done.
我的例子 我做主 过去分词 • 1、You can only drink boiled water .(定语） • 2、We are brothers paid by the hour . • We are brothers sharing joys and sorrows. • 3、I can’t wear long hair. So I will have my hair cut tomorrow(补语） • 4、Seenfrom the top of the hill, our school doesn’t look nice. (状语） • 5、The door remained locked.
V.-ing 形式 解析 v.-ing 形式主要考查其在句子中作定语和状语的用法 [例 ] NMET1998 European football is played in 80 countries, ___ it the most popular sport in the world. A. making B. makes C. made D. to make A
解析 Making it the popular sport in the world为现在分词短语作结果状语，这类分词短语常放在句子的后面,ing表示顺其自然，不定式表示突然，出乎意料。如： His parents died, leaving him an orphan. He rushed to the post office only to find it was closed
我的例子 我做主 —ing 分词 • 1、Keeping busy is keeping happy.（主语） • 2、I admitted having made such a mistake before.（宾语） • 3、The boy selling newspapers will buy a walking stick for his grandfather.(定语） • 4、Having finished his homework, Tom began to watch “Supper winner” , singing along.(状语） • 5、I caught sight of the little girl carrying water for the old woman.(补语）
06安徽卷 • 21、My cousin came to see me from the country, _____me a full basket of fresh fruits. A. brought B. bringing C. to bring D. had bought • 28、Tom sounds very much ______in the job, but I’m not sure whether he can manage it. A. interested B. interesting C. interestingly D. interestedly • 35、Mr Green stood up in defence of the 16—year—old boy, saying that he was not the one _______. A. blamed B. blaming C. to blame D. to be blamed
07 安徽卷 • 29.John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work _____, he gladly accepted it. A. finished B. finishing C. having finished D. was finished • 35.Did peter fix the computer himself? He _____,because he doesn’t know much about computers. A. has it fixed B. had fixed it C. had it fixed D. fixed it
历年高考题 1. The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself____ . (NMET91 34) A.hear B. to hear C. hearing D. heard 2. On afternoon, Mrs Green went to the market, ____ some bananas and visited her cousin. (NMET91 23) A. bought B. buying C. to buy D. writing 3. --I usually go there by train. --Why not ____ by boat for a change? (NMET92 14) A. to try going B. trying to go C. to try and go D. try going 4. ____ a reply, he decided to write again. (MET92 39) A. Not receiving B. Receiving not C. Not having received D. Having not received
5. How about the two of us ____ a walk down the garden? (MET93 17) A. to take B. take C. taking D. to be taking 6. ____ down the radio ---- the baby’s asleep in the next room. (MET93 24) A. Turning B. To turn C. Turned D. Turn 7. Charles Babbage is generally considered ____ the first computer. (MET93 34) A. to invent B. inventing C. to have invented D. having invented 8. ---I must apologize for ____ ahead of time. ---That’s all right. (MET94 21) A. letting you not know B. not letting you know C. letting you know not D. letting not you know 9. Rather than ___ on a crowded bus, he always prefers ____ a bicycle. (NMET94 22) A. ride; ride B. riding; ride C. ride; to ride D. to ride; riding
10. The missing boys were last seen ____ near the river.(NMET94 25) A. playing B. to be playing C. play D. to play 11. The first textbooks ____ for teaching English as a foreign language came out in the 16th century. (NMET94 34) A.having written B. to be written C. being written D. written 12. ---You were brave enough to raised objections at the meeting. ---Well, now I regret ____ that. (NMET95 26) A. to do b. to be doing C. to have done D. having done 13. The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him_____. (NMET95 35) A. not to B. not to do C. not do it D. do not to 14. ---What do you think made Mary so upset? ---____ her new bicycle. (97上海 13) A. As she lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing
15. She can’t help ____ the house because she’s busy making a cake. (97 上海12) A. to clean B. cleaning C. cleaned D. being cleaned 16. She looks forward every spring to _____ the flower-lined garden. (95 上海20) A. visit B. paying a visit C. walk in D. walking in 17. While shopping, people sometime can’t help ____ into buying something they don’t really need. (96上海14) A.to pursue B. persuading C. being persuaded D. be persuaded 18. The purpose of new technologies is to make life easier, ____ it more difficult. (NMET99 21) A.not make B. not to make C. not making D. do not make 19. A computer does only what thinking people _____. (99上海19) A. have it do B. have it done C. have done it D. having it done 20. When I got back home I saw a message pinned to the door ____ “Sorry to miss you; will call later.” (NMET99 25) A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading
巩固练习 C 1.He gave us some advice on how____ English. A.learning B. learned C. to learn D. learn D 2. It ’s a pay day，and they are waiting____. A. pay B. paying C. paid D. to be paid 3. --- A letter may be too slow. ---- Why not ____ a telegram. A.try sending B.try to send C.to try sending D.trying to send A 20. The library needs ______,but it’ll have to wait until Sunday. A. cleaning B. be cleaned C. clean D. being cleaned
Non-infinitive 1._____is a good of exercise for both the young and the old. A.The walk B.Walking C.To walk D.Walk 2.When and where to build the new power station______yet. A.is not decided B.are not decided C.has not decided D.have not decided 3.Is______necessary to change trains at Beijing? A. this B. that C. it D. he 4.Our father often told us in the past that _____is believing. A.to see B.seeing C.see D.to be seen 5.She pretended____the letter I wrote the day before yesterday. A.not to receive B.not receiving C.not to hear from D.having not received 6.I can’t imagine_____that with such a famous author. A.work B.to work C.to be working D.working
7.She reached the top of the hill and stopped_____on a big rock by the side of the path. A.to have rested B.resting C.to rest D.rest 8.Do you consider___any good attempting many scientific experiments? A.there B.it C.this D.that 9.I’m thirsty. Would you please give me something________. A.drunk B.to drink C.to be drunk D.for drinking 10.There was a terrible noise_______the sudden burst of light. A.followed B.following C.to be followed D.being followed 11．Mrs.Smith warned her husband_____after drinking again and again. A.never to drive B.to never drive C.never driving D.never rive 12.They knew her very well.They had seen her____up from childhood. A.grow B.grew C.was growing D.to grow 13. Believe it or not, he was seen______upstairs just now. A.to go B.to going C.having gone D.go
14.It was so cold that they kept the fire ____all night. A. to burn B. burn C. burning D. burned 15.The murderer was brought in ,with his hands _behind his back. A. being tied B. having tied C. to be tied D. tied 16.To master a foreign language,______. A. a lot of practice is needed B. it needs a lot of practice C. practice is in need of D. one needs a lot of practice 17._________a reply, he decided to write a sixth letter. A. Not receiving B. Not to receive C. Not having received D. Having not received 18. Little Jim should love _____to the theatre this evening. A. to be taken B. to take C. being taken D. taking 19. —What do you think of the book? —Oh, excellent. It’s worth ______a second time. A. to read B. to be read C. reading D. being read 20. The library needs ______,but it’ll have to wait until Sunday. A. cleaning B. be cleaned C. clean D. being cleaned