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Fads. 1980 the Rubik’s Cube became popular 1983 Cabbage Patch Kids are popular May 22, 1980 Pac Man is released in Japan→ October 1980 it is introduced to the US It is one of the most popular games in history

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  • 1980 the Rubik’s Cube became popular
  • 1983 Cabbage Patch Kids are popular
  • May 22, 1980 Pac Man is released in Japan→ October 1980 it is introduced to the US
  • It is one of the most popular games in history
  • 1981 Ms. Pac Man came out unauthorized, but it became so popular Nameco made it an official game
  • It took 19 years for someone to beat Pac Man
  • The Smurfs also became popular in the 1980s
  • Originally popular from the comics created by Pierre Culliford, the comics became a T.V. show in 1981 by Hanna Barbara Studios
  • Nintendo was originally founded in 1889 to manufacture Japanese playing cards
  • 1983 Nintendo releases home game console called Famicom
  • 1985 the Nintendo Entertainment System or NES was released
  • 1985 Mario Bros→ 1986 The Legend of Zelda→ 1987 Metroid are released
  • In 1989 DiC released the Mario Bros Show and the Legend of Zelda was not far behind
  • NES was an International success and continued to create more like the hand held Gameboy in 1989
  • Nike entered the 1980s in a roll due to the success of the Nike Air Technology
  • By the end of 1980 Nike completed its IPO and became a publicly traded company
  • Nike sales went down due to the aerobic boom, but NBA rookie Michael Jordan helped bolster Nike’s bottom line in 1985
  • 1987 Nike created something new in their Air Max: Visible Air Bags
  • Memorable commercial to the Beatles’ song “Revolution”
  • Bad: very good, excellent, cool, awesome
  • Chocoholic: a word to describe an alcoholic
  • Ditz: less harsh way to describe some one who isn’t very bright
  • Dweeb: geek, nerd, someone who is not “in”
  • Stoked: To be ready to do something
  • Hair
  • Girls: Glitter, side ponytails, feathered hair, multi colors, crimped, ultra teased
  • Boys: Mullets, Mohawks, long, curly, slightly teased
  • Face
  • Girls: vivid make-up, glitter, light pink lips
  • Boys: glasses, punk piercings
  • Clothes
  • Girls: Leg warmers, spandex, tight stone washed jeans, neon, mini skirts, headbands, crop tops, off the shoulder tops
  • Boys: Sleeveless shirts, spandex, chains on leather, Rock Band Shirts
reagan s approach to the soviet union
Reagan's Approach To The Soviet Union
  • When Reagan took office for his first term he was very harsh against communist Soviet Union. He put weapons (Nuclear) in Germany and Great Britain.
  • When Reagan took office for a second term it was peaceful confrontation with the Soviet Union and arms build up in the United States.
  • He advocated a huge military build up so the Soviet Union would eventually have to surrender because it wouldn't be able to match the power of the army.
  • in 1987 A treaty was filed with eliminated nuclear weapon (Medium Range) From Europe
  • Became very popular in the 1980s
  • Cross of dance, calisthenics, and athletic training that is choreographed to music
  • The routines were very hard to perform
  • Routines were all synchronized
  • Aerobics led to the fashion in the 1980s since a trend was spandex and leotards
  • Aerobics became so popular that the Nation Aerobic Championship was held
television cable tv
Television (Cable TV)
  • With this invention ABC, CBS, and NBC lost their monopoly over the other TV channels
  • 1980 Ted Turner unveiled the Cable News Network (CNN)
  • Rupert Murdoch and Barry Pillard create Twentieth Century Fox and created Fox TV for 1 Billion dollars
  • 1986 82% if American adults watched TV daily
  • Average household had TV on for 7 hours each day
  • Sunday night was the most popular night to watch TV
  • 1985 68% (60 million) American households had cable TV and 88% of those Americans subscribed for HBO and Showtime
  • The Breakfast Club
  • This movie deconstucts the stereotypes of kids
  • Creative ending because audience is left wondering what will happen on Monday
  • How each person feels at the end is due to what stereotype he or she may believe in
  • In 1984 the PG- 13 rating was created
  • In 1982 E.T. was released and quickly became one of the most loved movies of all time
movies war games 1983
Movies (War Games 1983)
  • About a young computer whizz who accidentally connects to the War Operation Response Plan, a super computer when trying to play a game
  • The super computer has control over the US nuclear arsenal
  • The computer whizz decides to play global Thermonuclear War where he is Russia and the computer is the US
  • The innocent game they are playing almost launches the two countries into World War III
  • MTV was established in 1981
  • The first Music Video Played was “Video Killed the Radio” by the Buggies
  • I asked my mother who was in college what was most memorable about MTV in the 1980s:
  • Becky Condo: “I remember when Michael Jackson’s “Thriller” was going to air in 1983. One of my friends and his roommate had a cable T.V. in their dorm room at Gannon, something out of the ordinary. At midnight on the night it aired, my roommate and I actually got to watch the music video on cable TV!”
popular tv shows
Popular TV Shows
  • The Scooby and Scrappy Doo Show (1983)
  • Bill Cosby (1984)
  • Roseanne (1988)
  • Saved by the Bell (1989)
  • Degrassi Junior High (1989)
music of the 80 s
Music of the 80’s
  • Revolutionary decade
  • Teen pop replaced disco
  • Urban pop
  • Rock
  • New Wave

Cyndi Lauper




New Kids on the Block


Whitney Houston



Def Leppard

  • MTV debuted with “Video Killed the Radio Star” by The Buggles as the first music video ever made.
  • Music became a marketing tool for advertisements and movies
  • Compact disc were created
  • Music had positive and negative impacts on society:
    • Positive: Artists’ popularity revived
    • Negative: “Visual over music” idea
how did anti communism shape reagan s foreign policy
How Did Anti-Communism Shape Reagan's Foreign Policy
  • Reagan increased military spending on weapons and called for new weapon systems. He was against communism.
  • He created the Regan Doctrine- Aiding anticommunist countries and movements (Asia, Africa, Latin America)
  • He put a higher military presence where he felt that people or countries were threatened by communist influences (El-Salvador, Nicaragua)
collapse of the soviet union
Collapse of the Soviet Union
  • Began in 1985 when Mikhail Gorbachev became the leader of the USSR
  • Soviets are burdened by failing economy, repressive political system, and heavy military costs
  • Glasnost: Gorbachev’s promise to provide more freedom for the Soviet Union Citizens
  • Glasnost encouraged people to criticize the government
  • Complained about the economy because of the arms race
  • Perestroika: Gorbachev’s economic plan to restructure Soviet economy and government
  • Modernized Soviet Factories
  • Opened ideas of a capitalist democratic government
  • Dramatically began to change lives of Soviet people
  • To further domestic goals and defuse the costly war Gorbachev pursued for détente
intermediate range nuclear forces treaty
Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty
  • In 1987 Gorbachev and Reagan signed the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)
  • Eliminated all medium range weapons in Europe
  • With drawl of Soviet Troops from Afghanistan
  • May 1988 US Senate ratifies treaty
end of the cold war
End of The Cold War
  • Gorbachev’s changes helped end the Cold War and the USSR
  • 1989 pro- democracy movement in East Germany
  • Tens of Thousands of East Germans fled to West Germany through Hungary
  • Erich Honecker the current ruler of East Germany was forced to resign
  • November 9, 1989 the Berlin Wall was opened to promote peace
  • The fall of the Berlin Wall signified the end of the Cold War
  • The destruction of the Berlin Wall was celebrated World wide
iran contra affair 1985 1992
Iran-Contra Affair (1985-1992)
  • Boland Agreement- prohibited aid to the Contras by any executive branch agency that was involved in intelligence agencies.
  • Congress wanted to give humanitarian aid, not military aid.
  • Contras- Nicaraguan rebel army recruited, financed, and armed by the CIA to overthrow the Sadinista government in Nicaragua.
  • Reagan’s administration was secretly sending weapons to Iran in exchange for their releasing of U.S. hostages
  • 1986-Reagan finds out – sends an investigation
iran contra affair
Iran-Contra Affair
  • Question: How did Reagan’s staff break the law by giving Contras money?
  • Taken to court, but North plead his innocence.
  • Poindexter insisted that even if he asked Reagan, he would have approved.

National Security Advisor John Poindexter

Lieutenant Colonel Oliver North

iran contra affair1
Iran-Contra Affair
  • How did the Reagan supply the Contras?

-North created an organization called The Enterprise that would serve as the secret arm of the Council.

-Assisted by the CIA and other government agencies, without any accountability required from the US government.

iran contra affair2
Iran Contra Affair
  • North was convicted of lying to Congress and unlawfully destroying government documents.
  • Poindexter was convicted of deceiving Congress.
  • However, in 1992, President Bush issued presidential pardons to all indicted in the scandal as they were said to be “acting strictly out of patriotism”.
iran contra affair3
Iran-Contra Affair
  • Reagan’s legacy was not impacted significantly because he was able to deny his involvement in the affair.
  • Popularity declined 67%  46%