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Reflection: a brief guide

Reflection: a brief guide

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Reflection: a brief guide

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  1. Reflection: a brief guide By Win Phag-Udom with slight alteration by Ben Sturgess

  2. Aim • Improve the quality of your reflective writing

  3. Objectives • You should be able to understand the Kolb learning cycle • You should recognise other models of learning • You should be able to to distinguish the features of different grades of reflection

  4. How do we learn?

  5. The Learning Cycle • There have been many theories of how we learn and arguably learning involves four stages: • Experiencing an event • Thinking about it • Developing an idea • Using that idea for the next time Fig 1: Kolb Learning Cycle

  6. Other models for reflection

  7. What is Knowledge?

  8. Bloom’s Taxonomy • Taxonomy - Set of classification principles • Domain is a category within the classification • Bloom described three domains • Cognitive Knowledge Thinking • Affective Attitude Feeling • Psychomotor Skills Doing

  9. Bloom’s Taxonomy

  10. Hatton & Smith criteria This is a description of events or literature reports. There is no discussion beyond description. The writing is considered not to show reflection There is a ‘stepping back’ from the events and actions. Discourse with self Exploration of the role of self in events and actions. Consideration of the qualities of judgements and possible alternatives

  11. Reading Exercise • Accounts of an experience of giving a presentation, written by a 22 year old in her first job after graduating. • Come up with points regarding the ‘reflectivity’ characteristics of each accounts

  12. Different degrees

  13. Objectives • You should be able to understand the Kolb learning cycle • You should recognise other models of learning • You should be able to to distinguish the features of different grades of reflection

  14. References • Watton P, Collings J and Moon J, 2001, Reflective writing: guidance notes for students • Moon J, 2001, PDP Working Paper 4, Reflection in Higher Education Learning. • Gibbs G, 1988, Learning by Doing: A guide to teaching and learning methods. Further Education Unit. Oxford Polytechnic: Oxford. • Jarvis, P, 1994, ‘Learning’, ICE301 Lifelong Learning, Unit 1(1), London: YMCA George Williams College. • Bloom B, 1964, Taxonomy of Educational Objectives: Handbook 1: Cognitive Domain. Longman • Hatton N and Smith D, 1995, Reflection in teacher Education. Teaching and Teacher Education, 11: 33-49