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TOEFL iBT Reading Overview. 2. Reading Passages. Reading passages are from first-year college and university textbooks. academic content information dense 12 th grade r eading level Readings contain low-frequency vocabulary. 36–73 very difficult words per reading. 3. Reading Screen.

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Toefl ibt reading overview l.jpg

TOEFL iBT Reading Overview


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2. Reading Passages

  • Reading passages are from first-year college and university textbooks.

    • academic content

    • information dense

    • 12th grade reading level

    • Readings contain low-frequency vocabulary.

    • 36–73 very difficult words per reading


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3. Reading Screen

3. Reading Screen


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4. Answers in Reading Passages

  • The order of the questions follows the order of the information in the passage.

  • The answer for question one is before the answer for question two.


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5. Reading Toolbar Buttons

  • NEXT

    • see the next question

  • BACK

    • see the previous question

  • REVIEW

    • see a list of answered and unanswered questions

  • VIEW TEXT

    • view the entire passage


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6. Review Screen

  • Click on REVIEW button in the Reading section to see the review screen.

  • Review screen has a list of answered and unanswered questions

    • GO TO QUESTION: see the question

      highlighted in the list

    • RETURN: go back to before you

      clicked REVIEW button

GO TO

QUESTION

RETURN


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7. Multiple Choice Questions

  • Multiple Choice Questions have four answers.

  • Vocabulary Questions

    • identify meaning of words and phrases in context

  • Reference Questions

    • identify subject nouns

    • All Multiple Choice Questions are worth one point.


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8. Multiple Choice Questions

  • Paraphrase Questions

    • recognize simplified and rephrased sentences with same meaning as sentences from the passage

  • Factual Information Questions

    • identify true information

  • Inference Questions

    • draw a conclusion from stated facts

  • Negative Factual Information Questions

    • identify a fact that is not true or not mentioned in passage

  • Purpose Questions

    • identify why author included a highlighted word or phrase


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9. Insert Text Questions

  • Click on one of four squares to indicate best placement for new sentence.

  • worth one point


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10. Prose Summary Questions

  • Drag and drop answers to one of three summary positions.

  • You don’t have to put answers in order.

  • worth two points

• ____________________

• ____________________

• ____________________


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11. Schematic Framework Questions

  • Drag and drop answer choices into the correct category.

  • more answers than slots—some answers do not fit under either category

  • worth three or four points


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12. Common Distractors

  • Distractors are incorrect answers.

  • Several types of distractors:

    • repeat words from the reading but incorrectly answer the question

    • are not mentioned in the reading

    • contradict information in the reading passage

    • do not answer the question

    • are incomplete


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13. Helpful Tips

  • Correct answers

    • are usually restatements from the reading passage.

  • If you don’t know the answer,

    • use process of elimination.

    • select the most logical answer.

  • If time is running out,

    • answer the easy questions first.

    • guess for remaining questions.

    • You don’t lose points for guessing.


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14. More Helpful Tips

  • If you finish early,

    • continue checking your answers.

    • Your first choice is usually correct.

  • Answer all the questions in one passage before you move on to the next.

    • focus will change when you read the second passage.