habitability of the icy galilean satellites:. J. Chela-Flores The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy and Instituto de Estudios Avanzados , Caracas, Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela. evolutionary Biomarkers with EJSM and penetrators.
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The Abdus Salam International Centre for Theoretical Physics, Trieste, Italy and Instituto de EstudiosAvanzados, Caracas, RepublicaBolivariana de Venezuela.
evolutionary Biomarkers with EJSM and penetrators
Resurfacing on Europa: a key in the searchforevolutionarybiomarkers
How do microbialmatsreach the bottomof the lakeicy surface?
Prostrate matscarrying a consortiaofbacteria some notyetidentified
Microbialmats on the surfaceof
Lake Hoare, Taylor Valley
Trafficofbiogenicsulfurthrough the lake’sicy cover
Dry Valley lakes
Quantityofchemicalelements (in kgs per year)
Credits: Miljković, K. and Taylor, E. A. (2007), The LAPLACE Consortium (Blancet al, 2009) and McCordet al. (1998)
(deVereet al. 2003-2010)
Expose-E experiment unit outside (18 months)
Europe’s Columbus ISS lab module.
The American elegant sunburst lichen
Animals with bilateral symmetry found in extreme environments include the Antarctic krill
Tardigrades (water bears)
(0.1-1.0mm in length, water-dwelling, segmented animals)
Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of Echiniscustestudo, a marine species
For most of the year, these ice insects remain frozen
Withcurrrentinstrumentation, howcouldwe test foreukaryotes or metazoans in the Europanocean?
Credit: Richard Greenberg, “Europa”, Springer 2005
British Penetrator Consortium
For geochemical data:
UK British Consortium
The instrument design has a total mass smaller than 2kg