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# How the Mind Works

Decision. How the Mind Works. A professor likes to write poetry, is rather shy, and is small in stature. Which of the following is his field: 1) Chinese studies 2) Psychology. What is the most likely sequence for the next six new babies born in the U.S.? (B = boy, G = girl) 1) BBBBBB

## How the Mind Works

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### Presentation Transcript

1. Decision How the Mind Works

2. A professor likes to write poetry, is rather shy, and is small in stature. Which of the following is his field: 1) Chinese studies 2) Psychology

3. What is the most likely sequence for the next six new babies born in the U.S.? (B = boy, G = girl) 1) BBBBBB 2) GGGBBB 3) GBBGGB

4. Which of the following domore people die of:motor vehicle accidentsorStroke

5. Which of the following do more people die of: homicide or diabetes

6. HeuristicsandBias

7. Heuristics are simple rules. Although their automatic use often results in easy and quick decisions, they are also responsible for much bias.

8. The RepresentativeHeuristic

9. Representative heuristic: Judgments are biased by our assessment of the degree to which the salient features of specific instances resemble general categories.

10. What is the most likely sequence for the next six new babies born in the U.S.? (B = boy, G = girl) 1) BBBBBB 2) GGGBBB 3) GBBGGB

11. What is the most likely sequence for the next six new babies born in the U.S.? (B = boy, G = girl) 1) BBBBBB or all equal 2) GGGBBB 3) GBBGGB

12. A professor likes to write poetry, is rather shy, and is small in stature. Which of the following is his field: 1) Chinese studies 2) Psychology

13. A professor likes to write poetry, is rather shy, and is small in stature. Which of the following is his field: 1) Chinese studies 2) Psychology

14. The Availability Heuristic

15. Availability heuristic: Judgments are biased by how easily specific examples are recalled. Easier = more frequent or more causally related. What is in our short-term memories affects our decisions.

16. Which of the following domore people die of:motor vehicle accidentsorStroke

17. Which of the following do more people die of: motor vehicle accidents or Stroke

18. Which of the following do more people die of: homicide or diabetes

19. Which of the following do more people die of: homicide or diabetes

20. Are there more words that beginwith the letter "r"orthat have"r" as the third letter?

21. There more words that have "r" as the third letter. word first partial care street derail

22. V

23. SchematicProcessing

24. Schemas: Conscious or unconscious assumptions, beliefs, & theories. Our associative networks & preconceptions (innate & learned).

25. Which schemata are activatedinfluence our perceptions,our memories, our decisions,and our experience. Schemata guide constructive and reconstructive processes.

26. For different individuals some schemata are more easily activated than others. Higher activation means greater availability. We tend to view our own and other’s personalities through the lenses of our beliefs and assumptions (i.e., our schemata).Independenceloyaltyfriendliness

27. The Just WorldPhenomenon One schema that has been investigated is:The belief in a just worldPeople with this schema tend to blame the victim in a situation.

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