HOUSING NEEDS and DECISIONUNIT 1 Mrs. Rogers
1.1.2 Prehistoric, past, and present housing Plains large buffalo-hide tipi
Early Navajo earth-covered hogan Plains large earth-covered lodge -- Hidatsa, Arikara, Mandan
Seminole thatched chickee Great Basin/California thatched wikiup
Journal Entry: (1/2 page) Imagine that you are an architect from the future. You want to design a home that is unique, but reflects the past. Using the information from the slides so far, describe the features that you would incorporate in your design that comes from past designs.
1.2.2 Identify factors from past eras that influence the evolution of present and future housing styles • 1st technology—natural materials—caves, logs, grass, mud, snow, rocks, bark, etc. • Next step was to improve on the natural material, ex. Saw logs into planks, rocks were chipped into blocks, animal hides became coverings for windows and doors
Technology • Since Industrial Revolution: • Housing materials are massed produced • Shipped by rail • Prefabricated houses became popular • Ex. Sears and Roebuck—shipped over 110,000 mail order houses in a 40-year period
Technology • Today: • Parts of houses come from factory ready to install • Factory produced climate-control units, such as heat pumps, AC and furnaces, have replaced the fireplace and simple fans • Labor-intensive tasks are done by machine—washing machine, dishwasher, vacuum
Technology • Future (and now) • Computers will run many household systems • Smart houses— • Checks AC temperatures • Refrigerators for supplies • Order groceries and have them delivered • Energy Saving devices • New Cooking methods • CADD (Computer Aided Drafting and Design)
1.3.3 Major challenges in the area of housing today and in the future • Space/Privacy • Cost • Affordable materials • Energy efficiency • Zoning issues • Aging Populations • Changes in the family lifecycle
1.1.3 Individual and family needs affecting housing choices • Personal Priorities • Space • Privacy • Family relationships • Cost/Income • Roles of family members—hobbies, home office • Lifestyle • Current place in family lifecycle
1.1.3 Discuss the relationship between individual, families, and housing. • Individuals • Less space • Choose to live closer to work • Want fewer household responsibilities
1.1.3 Discuss the relationship between individual, families, and housing. • Families • Needs more space • Needs change as family grows, interest changes • Need room for personal expression • May need to accommodate an aging parent or children that are ill • Adult children may return home in times of economic downturn or unemployment
1.1.3 Factors that influence the need for housing • Age • Employment • Size of family • Need for beauty • Need for security • Love and acceptance • Esteem • Self expression • Creativity • Self-actualization
1.1.3 Compare housing needs of individuals in different stages of the life cycle. Beginning Stage—married w/o children Childbearing Stage—married with children up to 6 years old. Parenting Stage—couples with children 6 to 20 years old Launching Stage—couples with children leaving home Midyears Stage—Couples before retirement but after all children have left home Aging Stage—Couple during retirement until death of both
ACTIVITY • In table groups, discuss what you think would be specific housing needs for each of the different stages that a family goes through. Draw a sample house plan and yard that would be appropriate for the family phase you choose.
1.1.3 Special housing needs for a disabled or elderly person. • One level • Wide doorways • Non-skid rugs/no rugs • Easy access light switches • Lever door handles • Drawers instead of doors in kitchen Universal design is the concept of making houses easier for everyone to use
1.1.3 Suggest housing modifications for a family member with special needs. • Remove carpets to prevent tripping • Doorways should be 30-36” wide to accommodate crutches and wheelchairs • Entries should be with be flat and without thresholds • Non-skid mats used in bath • Everyday tasks should be designed so they can maintain their routine • Bathroom and utilities on main floor to prevent having to climb stairs
1.4 Decision-making process as it relates to housing choices. • Identify the challenge • List possible solutions • Make a decision • Take action • Evaluate results
1.4 Apply the decision making process to housing choices. • As a group of 2-3, choose a housing problem and apply the decision making process to this problem. You will have 5 minutes to discuss and then present to the class. Have a member of the team write the procedure on paper and put all members name on it for a daily grade.
Scenario • 2-story house • Living room, ½ bath, kitchen, den, dining • Deck on back, 5 round steps on front • 3 bedrooms upstairs, 2baths • 36” front door, 30” interior doors. • Laundry upstairs • Have a basement with out outside door • I have just had a car accident and am paralyzed from waist down. • How do we make this house more friendly to me?
Factors to consider in the selection of a location for living. • Location • Region • Specific part of the world, country • Community • City, village, rural • Neighbor • Physical neighborhood • Residential, commercial • Features have similarities • Neighborhood, cont’d • Zoning/Restrictions • Planned • Must fit a developers plan • Population Composition • homogeneous—residents are similar to each other • Heterogeneous—varied • Low density/high density
Factors to consider in the selection of a location for living, continued • Site—piece of land on which the dwelling is built. Extends to the property line. • Things to consider: size, shape, contour, soil type, view, privacy • Natural restraints—topography—features of lot • Landscaping • Orientation—location of the sun, prevailing winds, water sources, scenic view • Legal restraints—minimum property standards • Zones within the site—public, service, private
ACTIVITY • What you would be interested in when choosing a site for a home?