reading comprehension exercise 19 n.
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READING COMPREHENSION Exercise 19

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  1. READING COMPREHENSION Exercise 19

  2. Read the passage and answer the questions Soft-bodied animals like caterpillars often a fall a prey to voracious hunters like birds or reptiles. Despite having no means to ‘actively’ defend themselves, with weapons like claws or jaws, they have nevertheless, evolved other equally effective deterrents. A particular species of the caterpillar lives at an altitude of over 2,500 meters in the Himalayas. It uses prominent colors to inform would-be predators of its inedibility. In the event that an inexperienced or adventurous bird did eat the caterpillar, it would probably vomit it out soon after, and subsequently desist from attacking similar species in the future. Though this would do the unfortunate victim no good, the species benefits. A rare example of the martyr among animals.

  3. 1) Caterpillars cannot defend themselves because they a. Are lazy b. Have no claws or jaws c. Are passive animals d. Cannot acquire weapons 2) The expression ‘other equally effective deterrents’ means a. Deterrents that are as powerful as those the caterpillars have b. Preventive weapons which have equal effect of others c. Preventive equipment which is as effective as something that has been already mentioned in the passage d. Mechanism which scares everyone equally well 3) The Himalayan caterpillar uses prominent colors to a. Defend itself b. Warn the predator c. Reveal itself d. Attack the predator

  4. 1) Caterpillars cannot defend themselves because they a. Are lazy b. Have no claws or jaws c. Are passive animals d. Cannot acquire weapons 2) The expression ‘other equally effective deterrents’ means a. Deterrents that are as powerful as those the caterpillars have b. Preventive weapons which have equal effect of others c. Preventive equipment which is as effective as something that has been already mentioned in the passage d. Mechanism which scares everyone equally well 3) The Himalayan caterpillar uses prominent colors to a. Defend itself b. Warn the predator c. Reveal itself d. Attack the predator

  5. 4) Experienced birds do not attack the Himalayan caterpillars because they are a. Diseased b. Inedible c. Repulsive d. Very aggressive 5) In the context of this passage, a martyr is one who dies a. To save others b. While defending one’s homeland c. Without any gain to oneself d. Without putting up resistance 6) The species of caterpillar are found at a altitude of a. Over 2500 meters b. Below 2500 meters c. Over 1800 meters d. Above 2800 meters

  6. 4) Experienced birds do not attack the Himalayan caterpillars because they are a. Diseased b. Inedible c. Repulsive d. Very aggressive 5) In the context of this passage, a martyr is one who dies a. To save others b. While defending one’s homeland c. Without any gain to oneself d. Without putting up resistance 6) The species of caterpillar are found at a altitude of a. Over 2500 meters b. Below 2500 meters c. Over 1800 meters d. Above 2800 meters

  7. Read the passage and answer the questions Corduroy is fast establishing itself as this year’s fabric. While the ribbed cotton itself provides utilitarian tenacity, texture and warmth, it is the fabric’s long-held associations that may provide a hint to its current revival as a fabric for all seasons. It is Corduroy’s link with good breeding and country living that made it an essential ingredient in the gentleman’s wardrobe along with Wellington boots and a decent woolly. It combines the comfortable no-nonsense appeal of cotton with the perfectly correct luxury finish of velvet. Corduroy has the ability to appear either supremely sophisticated or rough and ready.

  8. 1) According to the author, the special quality of Corduroy is that a. It combines the virtues of both cotton and velvet b. Both the rich and not-so-rich can afford to buy it c. It contains the correct mixture of cotton and velvet d. It needs no ironing 2) Corduroy is essential in a gentleman’s wardrobe because a. It goes with Wellington boots b. It can be an idea alternative to woolen clothes c. Its current revival gives a taste of the latest fashion d. It has its associations with good upbringing and a conservative life style. 3) Which one of the following best describes the passage? a. It tells us about the usefulness of Corduroy b. It talks about the virtues of Corduroy c. It persuades us to buy Corduroy d. It realizes the appeal of Corduroy to the young

  9. 1) According to the author, the special quality of Corduroy is that a. It combines the virtues of both cotton and velvet b. Both the rich and not-so-rich can afford to buy it c. It contains the correct mixture of cotton and velvet d. It needs no ironing 2) Corduroy is essential in a gentleman’s wardrobe because a. It goes with Wellington boots b. It can be an idea alternative to woolen clothes c. Its current revival gives a taste of the latest fashion d. It has its associations with good upbringing and a conservative life style 3) Which one of the following best describes the passage? a. It tells us about the usefulness of Corduroy b. It talks about the virtues of Corduroy c. It persuades us to buy Corduroy d. It realizes the appeal of Corduroy to the young

  10. 4) When the writer refers to Corduroy’s ‘utilitarian tenacity’ he means that a. It doesn’t need frequent washing b. Though expensive, it is economic in the long run c. It has remained fashionable over several years d. It is useful because it is durable 5) Corduroy is a fabric for all seasons because a. Of its peculiar texture and warmth b. It is made popular by catchy advertisements c. It can be worn not only in winter but also in summer d. It has remained fashionable over several years 6) Which one of the following is not a fabric a. Velvet b. Cotton c. Plastic d. Silk

  11. 4) When the writer refers to Corduroy’s ‘utilitarian tenacity’ he means that a. It doesn’t need frequent washing b. Though expensive, it is economic in the long run c. It has remained fashionable over several years d. It is useful because it is durable 5) Corduroy is a fabric for all seasons because a. Of its peculiar texture and warmth b. It is made popular by catchy advertisements c. It can be worn not only in winter but also in summer d. It has remained fashionable over several years 6) Which one of the following is not a fabric a. Velvet b. Cotton c. Plastic d. Silk

  12. Read the passage and answer the questions It is a strong belief among certain groups of people that the medical community should take every possible step to keep a person alive, without regard for the quality of that person's life. But other people argue just as strongly that patients who are facing a life of pain and encumbrances on others have the right to decide for themselves whether or not to continue with life-prolonging medications and therapies. The question, however, is really far more difficult than just the issue of a terminally ill patient of sound mind who directs the physician not to continue with any treatment that does not in any way cure the disease but only helps to draw out a painful death. When the quality of life has disintegrated, when there is no hope of reprieve, when there is intense and ever present pain, does the patient have the right to be put to death? The patient in this case is not asking the physician to discontinue treatment but instead is requesting the physician, the supposed protector of life, to purposefully bring a life to a close.

  13. 1) With what subject is the passage mainly concerned? a. Community beliefs b. Ways to prolong life c. The right to die d.The role of the physician 2) The phrase "medical community" in line 1-2 means a. The area around a hospital b. Medicines and therapies c. Doctors and nurses d. Medical journals 3) To reprieve is to a. Reproduce b. Postpone c. Reduce d. Reluctant

  14. 1) With what subject is the passage mainly concerned? a. Community beliefs b. Ways to prolong life c. The right to die d.The role of the physician 2) The phrase "medical community" in line 1-2 means a. The area around a hospital b. Medicines and therapies c. Doctors and nurses d. Medical journals 3) To reprieve is to a. Reproduce b. Postpone c. Reduce d. Reluctant

  15. 4) "However", as it is used in line 7, could best be replaced by which of the following? a. On the contrary b. Thus c. In effect d. Certainly 5) In what situation does the author suggest that a patient might have the right to be put to death? a. When the patient is of sound mind b. When pain has disintegrated c. At the request of the physician d. When the patient is facing great pain and inevitable death 6) Which of the following statements best applies to the idea presented in the passage? a. The question of a patient's right to die is rarely faced by physicians b. The author firmly states his opinion on the right to die c. All people are in agreement as to a patient's right to die d. Putting a patient to death is more serious than allowing a patient to die

  16. 4) "However", as it is used in line 7, could best be replaced by which of the following? a. On the contrary b. Thus c. In effect d. Certainly 5) In what situation does the author suggest that a patient might have the right to be put to death? a. When the patient is of sound mind b. When pain has disintegrated c. At the request of the physician d. When the patient is facing great pain and inevitable death 6) Which of the following statements best applies to the idea presented in the passage? a. The question of a patient's right to die is rarely faced by physicians b. The author firmly states his opinion on the right to die c. All people are in agreement as to a patient's right to die d. Putting a patient to death is more serious than allowing a patient to die