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CHAPTER 4
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CHAPTER 4

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  1. CHAPTER 4 PUBLIC RESTRICTIONS ON OWNERSHIP

  2. FOUR BASIC POWERS OF GOVERNMENT OVER REAL PROPERTY • TAXATION • ESCHEAT • EMINENT DOMAIN • POLICE POWER

  3. POWER TO TAX AND TO IMPOSE TAX LIENS AGAINST PROPERTY WHOSE OWNERS FAIL TO PAY • TAXATION PROCESS: AD VALOREM TAX • PROPERTY VALUE ASSESSMENT • ASSESSED VALUE • FAIR MARKET VALUE • DEVELOPMENT OF A BUDGET AND TAX RATE • MILLAGE RATE • TAX DIGEST • TAX BILLING AND COLLECTION

  4. CITY/COUNTY PROPERTY TAX Assessed Value = 25% of Appraised Value - homes 40% of Appraised Value - commercial 25%(or less) of Appraised Value - agricultural Tax Rate : City - $1.90/100 of assessed value County - $2.78/100 of assessed value City Millage Rate = $19.00 County Millage Rate = $27.80 $46.80 Combined

  5. CITY/COUNTY PROPERTY TAX Example : $100,000 appraised value home in city X.25 25,000 = assessed value X.0190 (or 25,000/1,000 = 25 X 19.00 = 475) City Property Tax 475 25,000 X.0278 Co. Property Tax 695 $1170 = Total Property Tax

  6. POWER OF ESCHEAT- GOVERNMENT’S RIGHT TO ACQUIRE OWNERSHIP OF LAND WHEN LANDOWNER DIES WITHOUT AN HEIR OR A VALID WILL.POWER OF EMINENT DOMAIN- RIGHT OF THE GOVERNMENT TO TAKE PRIVATE PROPERTY FOR PUBLIC USE UPON THE PAYMENT OF JUST COMPENSATION. • 5TH AMENDMENT TO THE U.S. CONSTITUTION • 14TH AMENDMENT TO THE U.S.. CONSTITUTION • CONDEMNATION PROCEEDINGS • PUBLIC BENEFIT • WITHOUT MALICE • JUST COMPENSATION • INVERSE CONDEMNATION

  7. POLICE POWER- POWER TO REGULATE USE OF PRIVATE PROPERTY TO PROTECT PUBLIC HEALTH, SAFETY, MORALS AND GENERAL WELFARE. • NUISANCE DOCTRINE

  8. ELEMENTS OF THE COMPREHENSIVE GENERAL PLAN: • AN ANALYSIS OF PROJECTED ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT • THE TRANSPORTATION PLAN TO PROVIDE FOR NECESSARY CIRCULATION • A PUBLIC-FACILITIES PLAN THAT IDENTIFIES SUCH NEEDED FACILITIES AS SCHOOLS, PARKS, CIVIC CENTERS, WATER AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL PLANTS • A LAND USE PLAN • AN OFFICIAL MAP

  9. IMPLEMENTING THE COMPREHENSIVE PLAN: • COMPREHENSIVE ZONING • TYPE OF USE • INTENSITY OF USE • DEVELOPMENTAL DENSITY • HEIGHT AND BULK LIMITATIONS • BULK REGULATIONS • FLOOR-AREA RATIO • MINIMUM LOT SIZE AND SETBACK REGULATIONS

  10. ZONING CHANGES: • LEGISLATIVE RELIEF • ADMINISTRATIVE RELIEF • VARIANCES • SPECIAL USE PERMITS • JUDICIAL RELIEF • REAL ESTATE TODAY HIGHLIGHT: THE STRANGE CASE OF THE INCREDIBLE SHRINKING BUILDING • NONCONFORMING USES

  11. MANDATORY DEDICATION:IMPACT FEES:

  12. BUILDING CODES: • REAL ESTATE TODAY HIGHLIGHT: THE CASE OF THE COSTLY PERMIT • SUBDIVISION REGULATIONS • PREAPPLICATION CONFERENCE • APPROVAL OF THE PRELIMINARY PLAT • APPROVAL OF THE FINAL FLAT

  13. INNOVATIVE LAND-USE CONTROL METHODS: • PLANNED UNIT DEVELOPMENT • PERFORMANCE ZONING • INCENTIVE ZONING • TRANSFER OF DEVELOPMENT RIGHTS

  14. THE “TAKINGS” ISSUE - HOW FAR IS TOO FAR?