Israelite Settlement. OTST 510 Archaeology and the Bible Lesson 10 part 4. Israelites as pastoralists.
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Archaeology and the Bible
Lesson 10 part 4
“Israel” appears here
This picture of the Merneptah stele shows what the hieroglyphics on the second line from the bottom actually look like—the Egyptian is translated “Israel is laid waste—his seed is not!” (The use of the masculine pronoun indicates that the Egyptians understood Israel’s God to be male!). The text would suggest that the Egyptians wiped out the Israelites just prior to 1207 BC, although Egyptians were prone to hyperbole. This incident isn’t even mentioned in the Bible.
Israel shown on wall as Shasu?
Based on the archaeological evidence, the Merneptah stele, and Karnak pictures, it appears that the early Israelites lived as semi-nomadic pastoralists in Canaan between 1400 and 1200 BC.
Thus, early Israelites were probably pastoralists as were the Patriarchs