Cambodia’s Profile in Power Sector The First Mekong Energy and Ecology Training May 11-30, 2009, Thailand TONN KUNTHEL, BY HOUR & PHALLUY
General Information • Cambodia is situated in the Lower Mekong region, with an area of 181,035 square Kilometers • 84% of population in rural areas lacking of electricity and 16.41% of total households have access to electricity • National strategy by 2020, all villages will be able to access electricity • Potential of hydropower is high, more than 10,000MW (Source: EAC 2008)
Generation of Electricity • More than 95% of electric power generation is from diesel power plant. • 13 fuel power plants generate electricity to provinces (Sihanouk, Siem Reap, Takeo, Kampot, BMC, PreyVeng, Stung Treng, Pursat, Kg. Cham, R.Kiri, Kg. Chhnang) • Electric power import from Thailand to BMC, Siem Reap, BTB) • Electric power import from Vietnam to Kg. Cham, Svay Reang, Kampot, Kandal, Kratie)
GDP GROWTH • Cambodia economic growth was only about 5.2 percent in 2008, which was down from a growth rate of 10.2 percent in 2007. • The global crisis impacts on Cambodia during the last quarter of 2008, especially on the garment industry, tourism and construction.
PEAK DEMAND FROM EAC, 2007 • Peak demand supplied by the Phnom Penh system was 188.1 MW. • Peak demand forecast was 205.8 MW
EDC’s Installed Capacity and Output (MW) 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007
Electricity Cost • In Phnom Penh, electricity can cost up to $0.18 per KWh, • Provincial centers electricity costs average around $0.30 per KWh, • In remote locations that are served by small- scale IPPs, prices can be far higher – example in some districts outside Battambang town the cost is reportedly $0.75 to $1.25 per KWh.
Installed Capacity by kind 2007 HYDRO : Hydropower DO : Diesel Oil HFO : Heavy Fuel Oil Data from EAC : Hydropower 49.707 GWh (3.68%), Diesel/HFO 1,294.356 GWh (95.93%), Wood/Biomass 5.253 GWh (0.39%)
STRUCTURE OF CAMBODIA’S POWER SECTOR Notes: • PEU-Public (or joint with Private) Electricity Utility; • IPP-Independent Power Producer; • PEC-Private Electricity Company; • EDC-Electricité du Cambodge. Royal Government of Cambodia Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy Electricity Authority of Cambodia Cambodia's Electricity Business PEC IPP PEU EDC • Policy; Planning; Development; Technical standard • Tariff; license; Review the Planned Investments, finances and performance; Enforce the regulations, rules and commercial standards.
Structure of Electricity Production Electricity Authority of Cambodia Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy (MIME) • To issue regulations • To issue licenses to Electric Power Service Providers • To review Cost and Approve Tariffs • To resolve disputes • To regulate, impose penalty • Energy policy • Electric power strategies • Power Development Plan • Technical Safety, Environmental Standards • Other Duties Electric Power Suppliers PEC IPP PEU EDC Royal Government of Cambodia Electric Power Users
POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT POLICY • Providing an adequate supply of electricity throughout at reasonable and affordable price, • Ensuring reliability and secure electricity supply which facilitate investment in Cambodia and development of the national economy, • Encouraging exploration and environmentally and socially acceptable of energy resources needed for supply all sectors of the Cambodian economy, • Encouraging efficient use of energy and to minimize environmental effects resulting from energy supply and use.
GENERATION PLANNING 2008-2021 Electricity generation in Cambodia is projected to grow from 329 MW and 1,548 GWh in year 2006 to 1,539 MW and 8,176 GWh in year 2020. To meet the future demand, The Royal Government has developed Power Development Plan for a period of 2008-2021.
Generation Planning 2008-2021 Kamchay Hydropower Dam, By Sinohydro