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Your Guide to Job Search. University of Glamorgan Careers Service. YOUR GUIDE TO JOB SEARCH. By the end of the session you should be able to : Find information on the job market Know where to look to find advertised vacancies Understand creative job search, the benefits and how to do it

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your guide to job search

Your Guide to Job Search

University of Glamorgan

Careers Service

your guide to job search1

By the end of the session you should be able to:

  • Find information on the job market
  • Know where to look to find advertised vacancies
  • Understand creative job search, the benefits and how to do it
  • Recognise potential barriers to employment and how to overcome them
  • Know about Careers Service support and resources
how much do you know task1

1. What % of graduate jobs are open to all degree subjects?

a. 20% b. 40% c. 60%

  • Answer c.

Some graduate jobs require a specific degree background (especially within science, technology and engineering roles)

However, 60% of graduate vacancies advertised will accept all degree disciplines

how much do you know task11

2. ‘The majority of graduates tend to work for large employers’.

True or False

  • False – Between 15-20% of graduates progress onto graduate programmes with national or multinational organisations directly after their degree. Increasingly, graduates work for small or medium sized organisations (250 employees or less). Two million new jobs are predicted in the small business sector in the next 10 years. (source ‘What do graduates do?’ 2002)
how much do you know task12

3. What percentage of employees work in the public sector?

a. 20% b. 33% c. 66%

  • Answer c.
  • Two thirds of employers work in the public sector
  • 1 in 4 graduates aged 21-25 are employed in this sector.
  • The public sector is the largest employer in Wales.

Key public sector websites include: sectorjobsthroughout the UK) government) and service links)

how much do you know task13

4. ‘Large employers tend to use different recruitment methods from small, medium sized organisations’

True or False

  • True

Many of the larger employers who offer graduate programmes recruit every year and start their recruitment process as early as Autumn. Check closing dates as these will vary.

Other graduate recruiters will recruit throughout the year. Large companies are increasingly using on-line applications.

SMEs tend to recruit as and when they need staff and may be more receptive to speculative applications.

how much do you know task14

5. What % of companies fall within the small medium employer category? (i.e. 250 or less employees)

a. 33% b. 66% c. 99%

  • Answer c.

Over 99% of companies fall within the SME sector (3.75 million businesses) and accounts for 55% of all UK employment.

how much do you know task15

6.An effective job search approach is to send out as many CVs as possible to employers

True or False


Whilst it is a good idea to send speculative CVs to

employers a blanket approach is counterproductive.

Effective job search needs to be focussed and targeted.

This will enable you to customise your CV and promote

relevant skills, experience and qualifications.

why is lmi important
Why is LMI important?
  • Gives an insight into the progression routes of past graduates.
  • Raises awareness of current or future growth areas and employment trends.
  • Provides an insight into where opportunities exist – in specific job sectors or regionally.
  • Raises awareness of recruitment trends and the skills, qualities and selection criteria graduate recruiters look for.
where to find lmi
Where to find LMI?

National LMI -

‘What do graduates do?’ – national survey of

graduates and graduate job market.

Regional LMI (Wales)

Go Wales

Future skills survey

Top 300 Companies in Wales

Occupationally specific LMI

Prospects – Jobs and Work section

Sector Skills Development Agency

where would you look to find out about jobs task2
Where would you look to find out about jobs?(task2)
  • Think of the different sources of information you could use to help you find out about job vacancies.
  • List them.
  • Feedback in 5 minutes
sources of advertised jobs
Sources of advertised jobs
  • Career/graduate related websites –
  • University of Glamorgan Careers Service Includes ‘Openings’ vacancy database and job search websites.
  • Other university careers service websites –
  • Job hunting websites (general and career specific)

use search engines to find general job websites

use - job specific websites

  • Company/organisational websites Graduate recruiters access &

Also use search engines to help you find organisational websites and online business directories

sources of advertised jobs1
Sources of advertised jobs
  • National and regional newspapers –
  • Professional publications – eg Marketing Weekly A-Z of career profiles - ‘typical employers and vacancy sources’

  • Recruitment agencies – www.jobseekers-uk.comand
  • Recruitment fairs –
  • JobCentre Plus –
creative job search
Creative job search
  • Not all jobs are advertised(estimated that 70% of jobs are not advertised in the open job market).
  • Creative job search

involves targeting employers directly to find out about jobs and work experience opportunities

what are the benefits of this approach
What are the benefits of this approach?
  • enables you to find out about jobs which may not be advertised
  • gives you access to information about how the organisation recruits
  • gives you a more focussed & proactive approach to your job search
  • in competitive career sectors this approach is normal practice eg media related jobs
  • this approach is essential if you are restricted to looking for jobs in the local area or you are interested in a specific career or job sector
how to do it
How to do it?

1. Know what type of career/job you want

2. Find out as much as you can about the job/career sector or organisation.

3. Make a list of key employers/organisations to target – look on their website as many will include a vacancy or recruitment section.

be prepared
Be Prepared
  • Build up a network of useful contacts - be prepared to talk to them about your goals
  • Get relevant work experience – strengthens speculative applications and gives you the chance to develop contacts
  • Have a CV that is tailored to the job and reflects the personal attributes the organisation is looking for
  • Find out who you should direct your enquiries to - make contact with that named person enquiring about job/work experience, asking them for their advice about getting into that career and whether they would consider your CV.
what are the potential barriers to graduate level employment task3
What are the potential barriers to graduate level employment? (task3)
  • Think of 3 potential barriers that new graduates face in the job market.
  • Pick one and consider how you would resolve that potential barrier.
  • Feedback in 10 minutes.
potential barriers solutions
Potential barriers & solutions
  • Lack of work experience

GO Wales work placement/taster or voluntary experience

  • Lack of a key skill eg IT skills

Contact your university careers service for information on relevant courses and training available. Also access

  • Family commitments/restricted to local area

Research regional job market - find out about vacancy sources and employers located in your area. Use your university careers service

  • Degree Subject or Classification

Considerpost graduate study to boost your academic qualifications or consider work related/conversion courses. Access – Postgrad study

  • Discrimination

Learn how to promote yourself positively in the job market and handle discriminatory practices

  • Competitive job sectors

Be proactive, flexible and committed. Research the job sector inside out, get work experience and go where opportunities exist.

careers service support and resources
Careers Service - support and resources
  • Practical support with all aspects of job search
  • ‘Openings’ – online vacancy and employer database
  • Vacancy information and job search resources
  • Information on employers and the job market
  • Access to work experience initiatives eg GO Wales
  • University of Glamorgan Careers Service