Power point 1. Use your packet to take notes about the elements of satire. Make sure you are in the Slide Show mode to view the links. You will two summatives for this unit: Elements of Satire Terms, “A Modest Proposal” and speaker/author test
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Please take thorough notes.
You will have a summative test on this material on
Thursday, March 20, 2014. There will be no retakes!
A literary technique using humor to make fun of the vices of society…
…for the purpose of CHANGE.
A common type of satire is a parody.
A Parody is a form of satire that imitates another work in order to ridicule it.
Example: The Colbert Report is a parody, because it imitates other talk shows in order to make fun of them.
Irony: a gap or incongruity between what a speaker or a writer says, and what is understood, or between what one might reasonably expect, and what happens.
In other words, you get the opposite of what you normally expected.
“Ten thousand spoons when all you need is a knife” = not ironic.
Not being able to find a knife in a knife factory = ironic.
Sarcasm is sneering, jesting, or mocking a person, situation or thing.
“Nice job, Einstein.” (Sarcasm is hard to pick up on since it doesn’t translate very clearly in writing. It is usually easier to hear it verbally.)
Understatement is a form of speech where a lesser expression is used than what would be expected
For example, in Monty Python's The Meaning of Life, an Army officer has just lost his leg. Asked how he feels, he looks down at his bloody stump and says, "Stings a bit."
Exaggeration or hyperbole
“I jumped 100 feet in the air”
Caricature: A humorous description or illustration that exaggerates or distorts the basic essence of a person or thing to create an easily identifiable likeness. Notall caricature is satire. It has to have a point in its message. Political cartoons are good examples of cartoons that are satire. A funny picture of someone isn’t really satire.
Presents the opposite of the normal order…
Reductio Ad Absurdum
(Reduction to Absurdity)
Author pretends to wholeheartedly agree with the ideas being criticized, then takes those ideas to a ridiculous logical extreme in order to point out how ridiculous the original ideas are. In this case, the author and speaker believe the same idea, however, the author only “believes” in the speaker’s idea because he wants to make fun of how stupid the idea really is. The author is being sarcastic.
As you watch this clip, find elements of satire. Write them in your notes like this: