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GGN PSIKOLOGIK DWS-ORTU. Adnil Edwin Nurdin. BEHAVIORAL DEVELOPMENT. BEHAVIORAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT. EPIGENETIC PRINCIPLE Development occurs in sequential, clearly defined stages Specific issue in each stage Issues in each stage must be resolved Development can proceed smoothly

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ggn psikologik dws ortu

GGN PSIKOLOGIK DWS-ORTU

Adnil Edwin Nurdin

behavioral growth and development
BEHAVIORAL GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT

EPIGENETIC PRINCIPLE

  • Development occurs in sequential, clearly defined stages
  • Specific issue in each stage
  • Issues in each stage must be resolved
  • Development can proceed smoothly
  • Successful resolution failed in a particular stage
  • All subsequent stages reflect that failure
  • Maladjustment of: 
  • Physical growth
  • Cognitive development
  • Social development
  • Emotional development
  • THE END IS THE MIRROR OF BEGINNING
erik erikson stages of life cycle
Erik Erikson Stages of Life Cycle
  • 1.Basic Trust versus Mistrust (birth-1 year)
  • Need for instant satisfaction, TRUE LOVE
  • Resolved-----Strong Basic trust, believe in others, hopeful attitude, self
  • confidence, trustful personality
  • Unresolved-------suspicious, can’t control urge
  • 2.Autonomy versus Shame and Doubt (1-3 years)
  • learning to walk, feed it self, talk, TOILET TRAINING
  • need for firm outer control, first discipline, in love----autonomy
  • to much outer control------shame
  • to much punishment, harsh discipline----self doubt
slide6

3.Initiative versus Guilt (3-5 years)

  • initiative arises in relation to tasks for the sake of activity
  • guilt arises on contemplated goal
  • mimic adult world
  • sibling rivalry
  • resolution through social role identification
  • I am a boy, she is a girl. I play with a toy gun, she plays with a doll

4.Industry versus Inferiority (6-11 years)

  • building, creating, accomplishing
  • need of systematic intruction for fundamentals of technology
  • sense of inadequacy and inferiority if child despairs of tools, skills, and status among peers---socially decisive age---LEADER or FOLLOWER
  • IMPORTANCE OF SKILL DEVELOPING, TOYS, BOOKS etc.

5.Identity versus Role Diffusion (11 years-end of adolescence)

  • develop ego identity, peer group identity, group loyalty
  • appearance, hero worship (see M-TV)
  • unresolved-----role confusion---going astray
slide7

6.Intimacy versus Isolation (21-40 years)

  • to love, to work, to nurture others, to be responsible for others
  • resolved-----intimacy, loyalty, responsible, loving
  • unresolved---isolation, view that others are dangerous

7.Generativity versus Stagnation (40-65 years)

  • work for the future generation, productive, creativity, concern and responsibility for others, striving to left some thing good for future generation after death---GENERATIVITY
  • Unresolved-----self concern, isolated

8.Integrity versus Despair (more than 65 years)

  • Integrity---sense of satisfaction that life has been productive and worthwhile-----I WILL SLEEP IN PEACE, AND IF THE TIME CAME, I HAVE LEFT SOMETHING USEFUL FOR POSTERITY. THANK’S GOD FOR THIS LIFE
  • Despair----what have I done in the past---FEARFUL OF DEATH
post power syndrome
POST POWER SYNDROME

CONCLUSION

  • 1.Growth and development occur in stages
  • 2.Each stage has it’s own specific issues which must be resolved
  • 3.Unresolved issues in certain stage will hamper the next stages
  • 4.Growth and development failure

Example: POST POWER SYNDROME 

  • PERSONALITY MEMANG SUDAH TERGANGGU
memory in normal aging
Memory in normal aging
  • memory loss, hallmark Alzheimer's disease.
  • memory loss normalagingdiff. Alzheimer's
  • Mild cognitive impairment (MCI)
  • transitional state
  • cognitive changes of normal aging Alzheimer's disease
  • MCI risk factor Alzheimer’s disease.
  • 55% MCI  Alzheimer dalam 4.5 tahun
memory decline in normal aging
Memory decline in normal aging
  • ability to encode new memories of events or facts
  • working memory
  • episodic memory
  • impairments in the ability to refresh recently processed information
  • remembering the source of information
  • declines in the ability to bind information together
domains of memory mostly spared in normal aging
Domains of memory mostly spared in normal aging
  • procedural memory
  • often used short-term memory
  • semantic knowledge, such as vocabulary, improves with age
  • enhancement in memory for emotional events
alzheimer
ALZHEIMER
  • neurodegenerative disease
  • Progressive cognitive deterioration 
  • Declining activities of daily living
  • Neuropsychiatric symptoms or behavioral changes
  • Most common type of dementia
defisit awal
DEFISIT AWAL
  • 1 st.loss of short term memory (amnesia)
  • minor forgetfulness
  • steadily more pronounced
  • relative preservation of older memories.
slide14
MID
  • cognitive (intellectual) impairment
  • language (aphasia)
  • skilled movements (apraxia),
  • recognition (agnosia),
  • decision-making and planning closely related to the frontal and temporal lobes
advanced
ADVANCED
  • disconnected from the limbic system,
  • disease where the victims suffer the loss of qualities that define human existence.
patobiologi
PATOBIOLOGI
  • neuronal loss/atrophy, in the temporoparietal and frontal cortex
  • inflammatory response to amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles.
  • Mutasi 3 gen familial, early-onset AD.
  • mutasi ApoE4 late onset AD
  • Anatomigross diffuse atrophy of the brain
  • loss of neurons, dendrit dan synap di cerebral cortex
  • subcortical regions.
  • gross atrophy
  • degenerasi temporal lobe, parietal lobe,frontal cortex ,cingulate gyrus.
  • acetylcholine, serotonin, norepinephrine, somatostatin me<
  • Glutamate me>
risk reducer
RISK REDUCER
  • Intellectual stimulation, catur, bridge, crossword
  • Regular physical exercise
  • Regular social interaction
  • A generally healthy diet low in saturated fat, supplemented in particular with:
    • B vitamins
    • Omega-3 fatty acids, especially Docosahexaenoic acid
    • Fruit and vegetable juice