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Early Peoples. Differences and Cultural Traditions. Who am I?. Part 1. Archeologist. A scientist who studies artifacts to learn about early people. Examples of artifacts: basket sculptures and figurines t oys t ools pottery. Archeologists.

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early peoples

Early Peoples

Differences and Cultural Traditions

who am i
Who am I?

Part 1

archeologist
Archeologist

A scientist who studies artifacts to learn about early people

  • Examples of artifacts:
    • basket
    • sculptures and figurines
    • toys
    • tools
    • pottery
archeologists
Archeologists
  • We need archeologists to study the people of the past because:
    • Early peoples are prehistoric because they were around before history was written down
paleo indians paleo means ancient
Paleo-Indians (paleo means ancient)
  • The earliest people in Utah (we know of)
    • Hunter-gatherers
  • Migration: move from place to place in search of food and warmth
  • Most of the peoples’ lives were spent gathering and preparing food
  • Hunted Ice Age animals
archaic indians
Archaic Indians
  • More advanced hunter-gatherers than the Paleo-Indains
    • Main weapon: atlatl and spear
  • Lived in Utah longer than any other group of early peoples
anasazi
Anasazi
  • Very artistic people
    • baskets
    • necklaces
    • pottery
    • whistles
    • cradle boards
    • animal skin bags
  • Lived in permanent villages in the Four Corners area and farmed
fremont
Fremont
  • Desert Gatherers living in the Great Basin
  • Traded with and borrowed traditions from the Anasazi
  • Eventually spread over much of Utah with diverse lifestyles between them
    • Most were full-time farmers
    • Some were full-time hunter gatherers
  • Anasazi and Fremont cultures disappeared sometime after 1000 A.D.
modern american indian groups in utah
Modern American Indian Groups in Utah
  • Utes
  • Paiute
  • Shoshone
  • Goshute
  • Navajo
slide10
Ute
  • The largest of Utah’s modern American Indian groups
  • Hunted and lived in valleys near mountains and lakes
paiute and goshute
Paiute and Goshute
  • Lived close together in large family groups in dry desert regions of Utah
  • Wore few clothes due to the heat
  • Some Paiutes irrigated their crops
  • Goshutes are sometimes called “Root-Diggers” because they lived off roots
shoshone
Shoshone
  • Lived in tepees in northern parts of Utah
  • Used horses to help them hunt
navajo
Navajo
  • Lived in the Four Corners region in hogans
  • Called themselves the Diné
survival
Survival
  • Despite their many differences, all early peoples in Utah relied on three main things to support their way of life:
    • plants
    • animals
    • climate
  • Minerals such as gold, silver, and coal were not nearly as important
    • European explorers often did not realize this
spiritual traditions
Spiritual Traditions
  • Most early peoples were extremely religious.
  • Some believed in one god who was present in all things, such as nature (think Pocahontas)
  • Others, believed in many gods
  • Respecting nature was extremely important to the spirituality of American Indians
spiritual traditions1
Spiritual Traditions
  • They believe singing and dancing were powerful forces that could protect people, celebrate life changing events, and make food grow
architectural traditions
Architectural Traditions
  • Homes were diverse between the groups of early peoples
wicki ups
Wicki-ups
  • Archaic Indians
  • Paiute
  • Goshute
pit houses
Pit Houses
  • Early Anasazi
  • Fremont
cliff dwellings
Cliff-Dwellings
  • Later Anasazi
tepees
Tepees
  • Ute
  • Shoshone
  • Tepees are tall poles covered with animal skins
hogans
Hogans
  • Navajo
artistic traditions
Artistic Traditions
  • Until the Spanish explorers arrived, American Indians made everything they had and used from things in nature.
artistic traditions1
Artistic Traditions
  • Groups such as the Anasazi and the Fremont created beautiful figurines, jewelry, and pottery which archeologists have discovered.
artistic traditions2
Artistic Traditions
  • Navajos made yarn from sheep’s wool to create beautiful rugs, blankets, and clothing
petroglyphs
Petroglyphs
  • Also known as rock art
  • A way of telling stories and recording history
oral traditions
Oral Traditions
  • Many languages were spoken, but no written alphabet existed
  • They told stories orally
    • known as legends or myths
    • many legends were about animals