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The String Family. Orchestral and Traditional String Instruments. What is a String Instrument?. A String instrument is any instrument that uses string to create music All string instruments are made of wood They are used to balance the ensembles sound. Especially in the orchestra

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the string family

The String Family

Orchestral and Traditional String Instruments

what is a string instrument
What is a String Instrument?
  • A String instrument is any instrument that uses string to create music
  • All string instruments are made of wood
  • They are used to balance the ensembles sound. Especially in the orchestra
  • Sound is created by bowing, plucking, strumming or hitting the strings
  • They have a unique sound
orchestral string instruments1
Orchestral String instruments
  • There are 4 orchestral string instruments
  • They are played by using a bow
  • The bow is made of a thin piece of special wood and horse hair
  • The bow is pulled and pushed across the stings
violin
Violin
  • Is the smallest of the string instruments
  • Has the highest pitch
  • Sound is made by the bow being pulled across the stings
  • Used in orchestral music as well as different genres such as bluegrass, folk and progressive
viola
Viola
  • Is the second smallest of the string instruments
  • Plays in the “alto” range
  • Looks and sounds a lot like a violin
  • Sound is created by pulling or pushing the bow across the strings
cello
Cello
  • Cello is the second largest of the string instruments
  • You have to sit down when you play it
  • It goes in between your legs
  • Sound is made from the bow vibrating when it is pulled across the strings
double bass
Double Bass
  • Is the biggest of the string instruments
  • Is 6ft tall! That is as tall as Mr. Dillard
  • Players have to stand or sit on a large stool to play the instrument
  • You can play with the bow or by plucking the strings
folk string instruments
Folk String instruments
  • These are string instruments that are used in folk and bluegrass music
  • You see these more commonly in our area than the orchestral strings
  • Were popular because they can play a variety of styles
  • Used for entertainment. Recreational music
guitar
Guitar
  • Very popular string instrument
  • I own one
  • Very easy and accessible to play
  • Can accompany for many different genres of music
banjo
Banjo
  • Has five strings, only four are actually the whole length of the neck. One is short and used to create the “drone” sound
  • The head of the banjo is a drum
  • Used in Bluegrass music
dulcimer
Dulcimer
  • Is a traditional Appalachian Music
  • You can create the sound by strumming or “hammer” the dulcimer strings
  • Has four stings; you have a main melody string and four drone strings
  • Play it sitting down on your lap