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Insights on the Application of the Transport Co-benefits Guidelines. Alvin Mejia CAI-Asia Center. Training on the Transport Co-benefits Guidelines October 28, 2010 Ortigas , Metro Manila. Project used in Testing the TCG. Bus Rapid Transit System in the Greater Manila Area

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Insights on the Application of the Transport Co-benefits Guidelines

Alvin Mejia

CAI-Asia Center

Training on the Transport Co-benefits Guidelines

October 28, 2010

Ortigas, Metro Manila

project used in testing the tcg
Project used in Testing the TCG

Bus Rapid Transit

System in the Greater

Manila Area

  • Pre-feasibility study was completed July 2007 by NCTS
  • Two routes were proposed: a) EDSA-Binangonan and b) SLEX-Commonwealth

EDSA-Binangonan

SLEX- Commonwealth

mm urban transport problem
MM Urban Transport Problem
  • 140 billion PHp lost each year due to congestion in 2006
  • $392 million as health costs due to PM10 (2001, World Bank)
  • 1.5 million motor vehicles in Metro Manila in 2005
    • Increased by half a million from 1994
    • 50 thousand additional vehicles are registered each year
  • Car-owning households: 10% in 1980  20% in 1996
brt system
BRT System
  • A BRT system is a bus–based mass transit system that delivers comfortable and cost-effective mobility through the provision of exclusive right-of-way lanes, thus reducing delays and dwell times. It offers the same performance and amenities as in a modern rail-based system but at a fraction of the cost (2005, Wright)
general impacts of the brt system
General Impacts of the BRT System
  • The BRT project is assumed to reduce private cars by 10% and public buses and jeepneys by 50%
general impacts of the brt system1
General Impacts of the BRT System
  • The BRT project is assumed to reduce private cars by 10% and public buses and jeepneys by 50%
basics of the project
Basics of the Project

Estimated Passenger Demand (Public Transport Passengers/Day)

  • EDSA-Binangonan  112,000
  • SLEX- Commonwealth  64,000
  • 16 stations within the SLEX-Commonwealth route
  • 18 stations within the EDSA-Binangonan route
transport co benefits guidelines
Transport Co-benefits Guidelines

Without Project

With Project

Vehicle Operating Costs

Vehicle Operating Costs

VOC Savings

Travel Time Costs

-

Travel Time Costs

Travel Time Savings

=

Accidents Costs

Accidents Costs

Accident Costs Savings

Emissions Costs

Emissions Costs

Emissions Costs Savings

inputs needed in testing the guidelines 1
Inputs Needed in Testing the Guidelines (1)

Vehicles

  • Vehicle types
  • Fuel type (% split of vehicles)
  • Vehicle standards (% split)
  • Fuel efficiency @ 50 km
  • Value of time
  • Vehicle operating costs
  • Vehicle Emission Factors (CO2, PM, Nox)
inputs needed in testing the guidelines 11
Inputs Needed in Testing the Guidelines (1)

Vehicles

  • Vehicle types
  • Fuel type (% split of vehicles)  MMUTIS
  • Vehicle standards (% split)  Segment Y data
  • Fuel efficiency @ 50 km  Various Sources
  • Value of time  Pre-FS
  • Vehicle operating costs MMUTIS
  • Vehicle Emission Factors (CO2, PM, Nox)  TEEMP
inputs needed in testing the guidelines 2
Inputs Needed in Testing the Guidelines (2)

Links

  • Type of Road
  • Type of Area
  • Number of Lanes
  • With Median strip?
  • Number of major intersections
  • Length
  • Traffic volume (by vehicle type)
  • Average travel time
inputs needed in testing the guidelines 21
Inputs Needed in Testing the Guidelines (2)

Links

  • Type of Road
  • Type of Area Assumed (all in densely-inhabited areas)
  • Number of Lanes  assumed to be all above 4
  • With Median strip?  assumed Yes for all
  • Number of major intersections assumed 1
  • Length  Pre-FS
  • Traffic volume (by vehicle type)  Pre-FS
  • Average travel time  Pre-FS
inputs needed in testing the guidelines 3
Inputs Needed in Testing the Guidelines (3)

Other data

  • Ave. damage cost per injured person
  • Number of Injured persons/accident
  • Number of Material Damage per Human Accident
  • Average Social Loss due to Congestion per human accident
  • Costs of pollution
inputs needed in testing the guidelines 31
Inputs Needed in Testing the Guidelines (3)

Other data (Accident Costs)

  • Ave. damage cost per injured person  adjusted Japanese data
  • Number of Injured persons/accident  Japanese data
  • Number of Material Damage per Human Accident  Japanese data
  • Average Social Loss due to Congestion per human accident  adjusted japanese data
  • Costs of Pollution  TEEMP
results of testing
Results of Testing

Only for 2008

  • Vehicle Operating Cost Savings: 32,967 (‘000 USD)
  • Accidents Cost Savings: 1,864 (‘000 USD)
  • Travel Time Cost Savings: 15,100 (‘000 USD)
  • Emissions Savings:
    • CO2 : 45,796 tons
    • PM: 671 tons
    • Nox: 6,164 tons
insights 1
Insights (1)
  • Current model developed needs to incorporate project lifetime analysis (guidance on dynamic baseline is needed)
  • Limits in terms of its applicability to certain project types (e.g. excludes benefits for NMT users)
  • Applicability to transit projects would face big challenge as data is not corridor based but mode share based often at city level
  • External models may be necessary in using the current guidelines
insights 2
Insights (2)
  • Which co-benefits to quantify?
  • Need for local values
    • Current model developed uses Japanese (and other foreign data)
    • Costing (of pollution, accidents, vehicle operation)
  • Default values issues
    • Vehicle operating costs (maybe pavement roughness)
    • Value of life differs in different roads?
  • Guidance for calculating project emissions is needed
  • Data availability is a concern
  • Finding a balance between accuracy and usability
insights 3
Insights (3)
  • Rapid assessment tool - looking at different project options, different scenarios possible
  • Gives actual values to co-benefits which would have only been qualified in project evaluation
slide19

CAI-Asia Center

www.cleanairinitiative.org

www.cleanairinitiative.org/portal/GreenTrucksPilot

Bert Fabian, Transport Program Manager

bert.fabian@cai-asia.org

Sudhir Gota, Transport Specialist

sudhir@cai-asia.org

Alvin Mejia, Environment Specialist

alvin.mejia@cai-asia.org

Unit 3505, 35th floor

Robinsons-Equitable Tower

ADB Avenue, Pasig City

Metro Manila 1605

Philippines

“Air Quality in a Changing Climate”

www.BAQ2010.org

For information email:

baq2010@cai-asia.org

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